Prince Harald of Denmark

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Prince Harald
PrinceHaraldDenmark.jpg
Spouse Princess Helena of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Issue
Feodora, Princess Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe
Caroline-Mathilde, Hereditary Princess of Denmark
Alexandrine-Louise, Countess Luitpold of Castell-Castell
Prince Gorm
Prince Oluf
Full name
Danish: Harald Christian Frederik
Father Frederick VIII of Denmark
Mother Louise of Sweden
Born (1876-10-08)8 October 1876
Charlottenlund Palace, Gentofte, Denmark
Died 30 March 1949(1949-03-30) (aged 72)
Copenhagen, Denmark
Danish Royalty
House of Oldenburg
(Glücksburg branch)
Royal Coat of Arms of Denmark (1903-1948).svg

Christian IX
Children
   Frederick VIII
   Alexandra, Queen of the United Kingdom
   George I of Greece (formerly William)
   Maria Feodorovna, Empress of Russia (formerly Dagmar)
   Thyra, Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale
   Prince Valdemar
Frederick VIII
Children
   Christian X
   Haakon VII of Norway (formerly Charles)
   Princess Louise
   Prince Harald
   Ingeborg, Duchess of Västergötland
   Princess Thyra
   Prince Gustav
   Princess Dagmar
Christian X
Children
   Frederick IX
   Hereditary Prince Knud
Grandchildren
    Princess Elisabeth
Frederick IX
Children
   Margrethe II
   Princess Benedikte
   Anne-Marie, Queen of Greece
Margrethe II
Children
(paternally Laborde of Monpezat)
   Crown Prince Frederik
   Prince Joachim
Grandchildren
   Prince Christian
   Princess Isabella
   Prince Nikolai
   Prince Felix

Prince Harald of Denmark (Harald Christian Frederik; 8 October 1876 - 30 March 1949) was a member of the Danish Royal Family. He was the fourth child and third son of Frederick VIII of Denmark and his wife, Princess Louise of Sweden and Norway, and thus brother to Christian X of Denmark.

The prince served in the Royal Danish Army for most of his life, and reached the rank of Lieutenant General.

Early life[edit]

Prince Harald's birthplace, Charlottenlund Palace

Prince Harald was born on 8 October 1876 at Charlottenlund Palace north of Copenhagen. His father was Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark (later King Frederick VIII), the eldest son of Christian IX of Denmark and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel. His mother was Crown Princess Louise, the only daughter of Charles XV of Sweden and Princess Louise of the Netherlands.

At the age of 17, Prince Harald entered a military career as was customary for princes at the time. He later served with the Guard Hussars.[1]

Marriage[edit]

Prince Harald and Princess Helena in 1909

At the age of 33, on 28 April 1909 at Glücksburg Castle in Schleswig-Holstein, Prince Harald married his second cousin Princess Helena of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, daughter of Frederick Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.

After their marriage, Prince Harald and Princess Helena lived at the Jægersborghus country house north of Copenhagen which Prince Harald had purchased in 1907.[1] Here their five children were born between 1910 and 1923.

Later life[edit]

Like other members of the Danish royal family, his economic situation was influenced by the failure of Den Danske Landmandsbank in 1923. Until 1935, however, he and his family were able to stay at Jægersborghus but then moved to a villa in the northern part of Copenhagen.[1]

At the age of 50, Prince Harald retired from active service with the rank of Major General. In 1933, however, his brother King Christian X appointed him Lieutenant General.

During World War II, Princess Helena became very unpopular because of her sympathy for the German occupation of Denmark and the Nazi party. Because of this, she was reportedly not on speaking terms with her sons[2]

After the war, Princess Helena was not brought to trial, being a member of the royal family who did not wish any publicity on the matter, but was exiled from Denmark 30 May 1945 and placed under house arrest at the Glücksburg Castle in Germany. She was allowed to return to Denmark in 1947, when Prince Harald fell gravely ill. She stayed with her spouse until his death two years later.[1]

Prince Harald died on 30 March 1949 in Copenhagen. He was buried at Roskilde Cathedral. Princess Helena survived her husband by 13 years and died on 30 June 1962.

Honours[edit]

Prince Harald was a Knight of the Order of the Elephant.

Foreign decorations

Issue[edit]

Harald and Helena had five children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Feodora 3 July 1910 17 March 1975 married her first cousin, Prince Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe and had issue.
Princess Caroline-Mathilde 27 April 1912 12 December 1995 married her first cousin Prince Knud of Denmark and had issue.
Princess Alexandrine-Louise 12 December 1914 26 April 1962 married Count Luitpold of Castell-Castell and had issue.
Prince Gorm 24 February 1919 26 December 1991 Unmarried and without issue.
Prince Oluf 10 March 1923 19 December 1990 Lost his title and became HE Count Oluf of Rosenborg after marrying without consent to Annie Helene Dorrit Puggard-Müller and to Lis Wulff-Juergensen. He has issue.

Ancestry[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bo Bramsen (1992). Huset Glücksborg, 2nd ed (in Danish). Forum. ISBN 87-553-1843-6. 
  2. ^ Tore Pryser (2009). Kvinnliga spioner (Female spies) (in Swedish). ISBN 978-91-27-11741-9. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27364. p. 6640. 11 October 1901.