Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein
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|Prince Joseph Wenzel|
|Prince of Liechtenstein; Count Rietberg|
|Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria|
|Father||Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein|
|Mother||Duchess Sophie in Bavaria|
24 May 1995 |
|Liechtensteiner Princely Family|
Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein, Count Rietberg (Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria von und zu Liechtenstein), styled His Serene Highness (born 24 May 1995), is the eldest child of Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, the Regent and Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein, and his wife Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Duchess in Bavaria. He is second in the line of succession to the Liechtensteiner throne and third in line in the Jacobite line of succession to the thrones of England, Scotland, Ireland and France. He is the first Jacobite heir born in the British Isles since 1688.
The prince has three younger siblings: Princess Marie-Caroline (b. 1996), Prince Georg-Antonius (b. 1999) and Prince Nikolaus Sebastian (b. 2000).
Joseph Wenzel is named in honour of his ancestor Josef Wenzel, Reigning Prince of Liechtenstein from 1712 to 1718 and from 1748 to 1772. He bears the name Maximilian in honour of his maternal grandfather Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria, and his paternal uncle and godfather, Prince Maximilian of Liechtenstein. In accordance with the custom of several Roman Catholic dynasties in Europe, including that of both his parents, he was given the name Maria in honour of the Virgin Mary.
The Princely House of Liechtenstein
Since birth, Joseph Wenzel has borne the title "Prince of Liechtenstein" and "Count Rietberg." He is second in line for the throne of Liechtenstein, preceded only by his father who has been Regent of Liechtenstein (Stellvertreter des Fürsten) since 15 August 2004.
However, Joseph Wenzel's grandfather Prince Hans-Adam formally remains The Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein (Head of State of Liechtenstein) and head of the Princely House of Liechtenstein. When Prince Alois inherits that position, Joseph Wenzel will become the Hereditary Prince (Erbprinz), i.e., the immediate heir to the throne of Liechtenstein.
Joseph Wenzel, is third in line to the Jacobite succession to the British crown. Joseph Wenzel's granduncle Franz, Duke of Bavaria, is the current Jacobite heir-general although he makes no claim to British crown, nor have any of his ancestors in the Jacobite line since the 18th century.
Prince Franz is elderly and has no children. Accordingly, upon Franz's death the status of Stuart heir falls to his brother Prince Max, then to Max's eldest daughter Sophie, Joseph Wenzel's mother. Thirdly, the status of Jacobite heir-general would fall to Joseph Wenzel himself. This assumes that none of them predeceases an older relative, in which case each would merely move one step closer to the position of claimant.
Having been born at Portland Hospital in London, he is the first Jacobite heir born in Great Britain since James Francis Edward Stuart in 1688. Barring unforeseen circumstances, Joseph Wenzel will eventually become a Head of State, a position not held by a Stuart heir-general since his great-great-great-great uncle Francis V, Duke of Modena.
|Ancestors of Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein|
References and notes
Prince Joseph Wenzel of LiechtensteinBorn: 24 May 1995
|Lines of succession|
The Hereditary Prince
|Line of succession
to Liechtenstein throne