Prince Leopold, Count of Syracuse

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Prince Leopold
Count of Syracuse
Leopold, Count of Syracuse.jpg
Leopold, Count of Syracuse by Nadar
Spouse Maria of Savoy
Issue Princess Isabella
Full name
Italian: Leopoldo Beniamino Giuseppe
House House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Father Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Mother Maria Isabella of Spain
Born (1813-05-22)22 May 1813
Palermo
Died 4 December 1860(1860-12-04) (aged 47)
Pisa
Burial Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples

Prince Leopoldo of the Two Sicilies[1] (22 May 1813, Palermo[1] – 4 December 1860, Pisa[1]) was a prince of the Two Sicilies and known as the , Count of Syracuse.

Life[edit]

Leopold was the fifth son of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his second wife Maria Isabella of Spain.[1] In 1816, at the creation of the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, when he was three years old, he was given the title of Count of Syracuse.

At his father death in November 1830 Leopold's elder brother, Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, named his Lieutenant general in Sicily.[2] As governor in Palermo, he introduced important reforms.[3] Fearing his popularity and the desire of Sicily for independence, he was recalled from his position in early 1835.[4] In April the same year, he was sent to travel abroad.[4]

Ferdinand II considered a marriage between Leopold and Princess Marie of Orléans, but the negotiations with her father, Louis-Philippe of France, foundered over the French uprisings in 1834 and Louis-Philippe's refusal to grant Marie her part of the "donation-partage" of his lands (a condition Ferdinand had put in place for the marriage to occur). Leopold was an artist, a skillful sculptor and patron of the arts. He lacked great ambition, preferring to lead a life of pleasure.[5]

Leopold married Princess Maria of Savoy, second-eldest daughter of Prince Joseph Maria of Savoy, Count of Villafranca and his wife Pauline Benedictine de Quélen de Vauguyon, on 16 June 1837[1] in Naples. They were ill matched and their marriage was unhappy. He was an agnostic and liberal. She was a conservative religious fanatic, with nothing in common with him. They managed to have only one child, Isabella, who died less than a year after her birth in 1838.[1] From them on they lived separate lives. She retired to lived a religious life in almost seclusion at her palace of Chiaia.[5]

The Count of Syracuse live abroad between 1846 and 1850.[6] In spite of his opposed political tendencies he was Ferdinand II's favorite brother. When he suffered a stroke in 1854, the king was deeply distress.[6] The Count recovered. Like his brothers the counts of Aquila and Trapani, he was a womanizer, but he was not involved in scandals and his brother the King paid his debts regarding him as a lovable black sheep.[7] He was an hedonistic man describe as " large, powerful, with a handsome countenance"[7] Simple in his manners, he was widely popular.[7] He surrounded himself with a court of artist, writers and musicians, who followed him from his palace on the Chiaia to his villa at Sorrento.[7]

After the death of Ferdinand II in May 1859, the Count of Syracuse advocated a close alliance with Piedmont.[8] He had a low opinion of his nephew, Francis II, the new king. Their relationship was cold.[9][10] In April, 1860, Leopold urged his nephew Francis II to make liberal concessions.[11] After few months he went to Piedmont. He died shortly after in Pisa.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 22 May 1813 – 12 December 1816 His Royal Highness The Most Serene Prince Don Leopoldo
  • 12 December 1816 - 4 December 1860: His Royal HighnessThe Most Serene Prince Don Leopoldo, Count of Syracuse

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lundy, Darryl (23 May 2003). "Leopoldo di Borbone, Principe di Borbone delle Due Sicilie". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-10-02. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 48
  3. ^ Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 78
  4. ^ a b Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 79
  5. ^ a b Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 82
  6. ^ a b Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 342
  7. ^ a b c d Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 343
  8. ^ Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 388
  9. ^ Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 407
  10. ^ Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 469
  11. ^ Acton, The Last Bourbons of Naples, p. 471

References[edit]

  • Acton, Harold. The Last Bourbons of Naples (1825-1861). St Martin's Press. London, 1961. ASIN: B0007DKBAO

External links[edit]