Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza
|Prince of Orléans-Braganza|
|Period||5 July 1981 – present|
|Heir presumptive||Bertrand, Prince Imperial of Brazil|
|Luiz Gastão Maria José Pio|
|House||House of Orléans-Braganza|
|Father||Prince Pedro Henrique|
|Mother||Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria|
6 June 1938 |
D. Luiz, Prince of Orleans-Braganza (born 6 June 1938) is the head of the Vassouras branch of the House of Orléans-Braganza and a claimant to the defunct Brazilian throne. The Vassouras branch claims the throne in opposition to the Petrópolis branch of the Orléans-Braganzas, headed by Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza. Though both Prince Luiz and Prince Pedro Carlos are great-great-grandchildren of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, of the House of Braganza, they dispute leadership over Brazilian Imperial Family due to a dynastic dispute concerning their fathers, who were cousins.
Prince Luiz actively claims the throne and participates in matters concerning Brazil's imperial past. Despite his support for a monarchical government and recognition as one of the heirs to the throne, there are no serious movements or parties that support restoration of the monarchy.
Luiz Gastão Maria José Pio was born on 6 June 1938, in Mandelieu-la-Napoule, France, as the oldest son Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza, the Vassouras great-grandson of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, and his wife, Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria, granddaughter of King Ludwig III of Bavaria. Through his father, he is a member of the Vassouras branch of the House of Orléans-Braganza, a cadet branch of the House of Braganza and the House of Orléans. Through both of his parents, Luiz is a cousin to many heads of royal families throughout the world, including Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza, Henri Antoine, Hereditary Prince of Ligne, Archduke Leopold Franz of Austria, and Henri, Count of Paris. Luiz's godparents were Princess Maria di Grazia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, his paternal grandmother, and Prince Ludwig of Bavaria, his maternal uncle. From his birth, Luiz has held the honorific styling of Dom (Lord) and the styling of His Imperial and Royal Highness and, until the death and succession of his father, he held the title of Prince Imperial of Brazil.
Although Prince Luiz was born after the revocation of the exile that had been imposed on the Imperial family by Brazil's first Republican government, the aftermath of World War I and World War II detained the entire family in Europe until 1945, when the Vassouras branch of the family was finally repatriated, settling first in the town of Petrópolis (RJ), then to Jacarezinho (PR).
On 1957, Luiz returned to Europe to finish his studies, where he graduated on Chemistry at the University of Munich. Back to Brazil on 1967, when his family already moved to Vassouras (RJ), prince Luiz became a member of the Society for the Defense of Tradition, Family and Property, a traditionalist Catholic organization which opposes Socialistic land reform and supports conservative politics based on the catholic social doctrine and the principles promoted by Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira.
He and his young brothers, Prince Bertrand and Prince Antônio, are engaged in monarchist proselytism in Brazil. They played main roles during the campaign for the 1993 plebiscite, which represented the hitherto only real opportunity for a return of the monarchy since the Proclamation of the Republic, in 1889. In it, the people were asked to choose which form of government (presidential or parliamentary) and which form of State organization (Republic or Constitutional monarchy) Brazil should have. The monarchist cause was not successful, receiving 13,2% of the vote.
Titles, honours, and styles
|Brazilian Imperial Family
Titles and styles
- 6 June 1938 – 5 July 1981 His Imperial and Royal Highness The Prince Imperial of Brazil
- 5 July 1981 – present His Imperial and Royal Highness The Head of the Imperial House of Brazil
Luiz's styling as Head of the Imperial House of Brazil:
Luiz Gastão, 5th Head of the Imperial House of Brazil, Prince of Brazil, Prince of Orléans-Braganza
Luiz's former styling as Prince Imperial of Brazil:
Luiz Gastão, 12th Prince Imperial of Brazil, Prince of Brazil, Prince of Orléans-Braganza
As Head of the House of Orléans-Braganza, Luiz Gastão holds the following positions:
- Grand Master and Sovereign of the Imperial Order of Christ
- Grand Master and Sovereign of the Imperial Order of St. Benedict of Avis
- Grand Master and Sovereign of the Imperial Order of Saint James of the Sword
- Grand Master and Sovereign of the Imperial Order of the Southern Cross
- Grand Master and Sovereign of the Imperial Order of Emperor Pedro I
- Grand Master and Sovereign of the Imperial Order of the Rose
Luiz has also been decorated with a number of other honours:
- Grand Cross of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa
- Grand across of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
The ancestry of Prince Luiz:
- Casa Imperial do Brasil - D. Luís Gastão Biografia.
- CUNHA, Dionatan da Silveira (2011) (in Portuguese). Príncipe D. Luiz de Orleans e Bragança: 30 Anos de ascensão a Chefia da Casa Imperial do Brasil. Causa Imperial.
- Prince Bertrand of Orleans-Braganza Visits America. TFP.org, 2001-04-30.
- NÉMETH-TORRES, Geovani (2008) (in Portuguese). A odisséia monarquista no Plebiscito Nacional de 1993. In: Veredas da História. Rio de Janeiro: Ano I, n. 1. Abr. 2008. ISSN: 1982-4238.
- Justiça Eleitoral. Resultado Geral do Plebiscito de 1993.
- SOARES, Regiane (2008) (in Portuguese). Príncipe imperial vive "sem luxo nem esplendor" em casa alugada em SP. Folha Online, 2008-03-04.
Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of OrléansBorn: 6 June 1938
|Head of the Imperial House of Brazil
5 July 1981 – present
|Prince Imperial of Brazil
6 June 1938 – 5 July 1981
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
Emperor of Brazil
5 July 1981 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1889
|Lines of succession|
João Filipe of Orléans-Braganza
|Line of succession to the French throne
Eudes Maria do Orléans-Braganza