Narisara Nuvadtivongs

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Chitcharoen
Prince of Siam
The Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs
Naritsaranuwattiwong - 001.jpg
Spouse
  • Mom Ratchawong Pluem Siriwong
  • Mom Malai Sewatam
  • Mom Ratchawong To Ngon-rot
Issue
  • Mom Chao Pluemchit Chittraphong
  • Mom Chao Ai Chittraphong
  • Mom Chao Charoenchai Chittraphong
  • Mom Chao Sam Chittraphong
  • Mom Chao Pralomchit Chittraphong
  • Mom Chao Duangchit Chittraphong
  • Mom Chao Yachai Chittraphong
  • Mom Chao Phlao-rot Chittraphong
  • Mom Chao Konnika Chittraphong
Full name
HRH Prince Chitcharoen, The Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs
Father King Mongkut
Mother Pannarai
Born (1863-04-28)28 April 1863
Grand Palace
Bangkok, Thailand
Died 10 March 1947(1947-03-10) (aged 83)
Bangkok, Thailand

Narisara Nuvadtivongs (Thai: นริศรานุวัดติวงศ์; RTGS: Naritsaranuwattiwong; 28 April 1863 – 10 March 1947), né Chitcharoen (จิตรเจริญ), was a prince of Siam (now Thailand). Known for his artistic talents, he was a key figure in Thailand's industrial revolution during the reign of Rama V.

Early life[edit]

Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs was born on 28 April 1863, in Bangkok, Thailand to Princess Pannarai and King Rama IV (also known as King Mongkut). Prince Nuvadtivongs was educated by Western missionaries who encouraged his interest in the fine arts.[1][2][3]

Career[edit]

Government worker[edit]

Prince Narisara was appointed 'Director of Public Works, Town and Country Planning' for the Ministry of Interior. He worked in Thailand's early urban planning and also became an Art Adviser for the Royal Institute of Thailand. At times he also worked in the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Defense, and the Ministry of the Bureau of the Royal Household.

Designer[edit]

As Thailand began to modernize, creating its first European-style government ministries, Naris was assigned to design the crest for each ministry. Each crest he designed was different, representing the role of each group.[4]

Notable Architecture[edit]

Wat Benjamabophit (the Marble Temple) was the first temple in Thailand to use marble in its construction. This temple is sometimes described as the defining example of a modern Buddhist temple.

Wat Benchamabophit School is located next to Wat Benchamabophit. However, unlike the temple, the school was built in Western style. Phraubosotwatrachativas is another temple made of marble, but the style of the building combines Western and Thai styles. The temple contains oil paintings similar to those in Western medieval churches, but in Thai style.

Notable Music[edit]

Family[edit]

Prince Naris was married three times. His first wife was Mom Ratchawong Pluem Siriwong (หม่อมราชวงศ์ปลื้ม ศิริวงศ์), with whom he had one daughter:

  • Mom Chao Pluemchit Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้าปลื้มจิต จิตรพงศ์)

After the death of his first wife, Prince Naris married Mom Malai Sewatam (หม่อมมาลัย เศวตามร์), with whom he had two sons:

  • Mom Chao Ai Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้าอ้าย จิตรพงศ์)
  • Mom Chao Charoenchai Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้าเจริญใจ จิตรพงศ์)

After the death of his second wife, the prince remarried one last time, marrying Mom Ratchawong To Ngon-rot (หม่อมราชวงศ์โต งอนรถ). They had a total of six children, of whom five were male:

  • Mom Chao Sam Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้าสาม จิตรพงศ์)
  • Mom Chao Pralomchit Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้าประโลมจิตร จิตรพงศ์)
  • Mom Chao Duangchit Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้าดวงจิตร จิตรพงศ์)
  • Mom Chao Yachai Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้ายาใจ จิตรพงศ์)
  • Mom Chao Phlao-rot Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้าเพลารถ จิตรพงศ์)
  • Mom Chao Konnika Chittraphong (หม่อมเจ้าหญิงกรณิกา จิตรพงศ์)

Official title[edit]

His official title was "สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ เจ้าฟ้าจิตรเจริญ กรมพระยานริศรานุวัดติวงศ์" (Somdet Phra Chao Boromma Wong Thoe Chao Fa Chitcharoen Krom Phraya Naritsaranuwattiwong), which can be translated as "His Royal Highness Prince Chitcharoen, the Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs".

His full ceremonial title (before he was promoted to the rank of "Krom Phraya") was "สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ เจ้าฟ้ากรมพระนริศรานุวัดติวงศ์ มหามกุฏพงศ์นฤบดินทร ปรมินทรานุชาธิเบนทร์ ปรเมนทรราชปิตุลา สวามิภักดิ์สยามวิชิต สรรพศิลปสิทธิวิทยาธร สุรจิตรกรศุภโกศล ประพนธปรีชาชาญโบราณคดี สังคีตวาทิตวิธีวิจารณ์ มโหฬารสีตลัธยาศรัย พุทธาทิไตรรัตนสรณานุวัติ ขัตติยเดชานุภาพบพิตร" ("Somdet Phra Chao Boromma Wong Thoe, Chao Fa Kromma Phra Naritsaranuwattiwong, Maha Makutta Phong Narue Bodin, Paraminthranuchathiben, Paramen Ratcha Pitula, Sawamiphak Sayama Wichit, Sappha Sinlapa Sit Witthaya Thon, Sura Chittra Kon Suppha Koson, Praphontha Pricha Chan Boranna Khadi, Sangkhita Wathit Withi Wichan, Maholan Sitalatthayasai, Phutthathi Trai Rat Sarananuwat, Khattiya Dechanuphap Bophit").

Death[edit]

Nuvadtivongs died on 10 March 1947 from the effects of a stroke. His funeral was held publicly at Sanam Luang. His cremation pyre was similar to the royal funeral pyre of Ananda Mahidol

References[edit]

[5]

  1. ^ Heinz Duthel. "Duthel Thailand Guide IV. Chakri Dynasty". Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Ally Anumudu (11 December 2012). "The King and I". Prezi. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Wright, Michael. "Prince Naris – The Master of Thai Art". 
  4. ^ Wright, Michael. "PRince Naris - The Master of Thai Art". 
  5. ^ The Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs