Prince Olav Mountains

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The Prince Olav Mountains is a mountain range of the Queen Maud Mountains stretching from Shackleton Glacier to Liv Glacier at the head of the Ross Ice Shelf.[1]

Discovered in 1911 by Roald Amundsen on the way to the South Pole, and named by him for the then Crown Prince Olav of Norway.[1] Coordinates: 84°57′S 173°00′W / 84.950°S 173.000°W / -84.950; -173.000

List of mountains[edit]

This range includes the following mountains and peaks:

Mountain/Peak Metres Feet Coordinates
Mount Wade 4,084 13,399 84°51′S 174°19′W / 84.850°S 174.317°W / -84.850; -174.317
Mount Fisher 4,080 13,386 85°06′S 171°03′W / 85.100°S 171.050°W / -85.100; -171.050
Centennial Peak 4,070 13,353 84°57′S 174°00′W / 84.950°S 174.000°W / -84.950; -174.000
Mount Ray 3,904 12,808 85°07′S 170°48′W / 85.117°S 170.800°W / -85.117; -170.800
Mount Sellery 3,895 12,779 84°58′S 172°45′W / 84.967°S 172.750°W / -84.967; -172.750
Mount Oliver 3,800 12,467 84°56′S 173°44′W / 84.933°S 173.733°W / -84.933; -173.733
Mount Campbell 3,790 12,434 84°55′S 174°00′W / 84.917°S 174.000°W / -84.917; -174.000
Jones Peak 3,670 12,041 85°05′S 172°00′W / 85.083°S 172.000°W / -85.083; -172.000
Mount Finley 3,470 11,385 85°01′S 173°58′W / 85.017°S 173.967°W / -85.017; -173.967
Mount Smithson 3,000 9,843 84°59′S 172°10′W / 84.983°S 172.167°W / -84.983; -172.167
Allaire Peak 1,900 6,234 84°53′S 170°54′W / 84.883°S 170.900°W / -84.883; -170.900

Allaire Peak[edit]

Allaire Peak is a rock peak standing 3 nautical miles (6 km) northwest of Mount Hall, between the Gough and Le Couteur Glaciers. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for Captain C.J. Allaire, USA, on the Staff of the Commander, U.S. Naval Support Force, Antarctica, during U.S. Navy Operation Deep Freeze 1963.[2]

Mount Campbell[edit]

Mount Campbell is a prominent peak standing 5.6 km (3.5 mi) southeast of Mount Wade. Discovered and photographed by the USAS (1939–41), and surveyed by A.P. Crary (1957–58). Named by Crary for Joel Campbell of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Antarctic Project Leader for geomagnetic operations, 1957-60.[3]

Centennial Peak[edit]

Centennial Peak is a mountain situated 10.5 kilometres (6.5 mi) SSE of Mount Wade. Mapped by USGS from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos 1960-65. Named by US-ACAN in recognition of the Centennial of Ohio State University in 1970, the same year the University's Institute of Polar Studies celebrated its Decennial. The University and the Institute have been very active in Antarctic investigations since 1960.[4]

Mount Finley[edit]

Mount Finley is a prominent mountain on the ridge which extends south from Mount Wade, located 5 mi SSW of Mount Oliver. Named by Rear Admiral Byrd for John H. Finley, President of the American Geographical Society at the time of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition, 1928-30.[5]

Mount Fisher[edit]

Mount Fisher is a domed, snow-capped summit standing three km northwest of Mount Ray. Discovered and photographed by Byrd on flights to the Queen Maud Mountains in November 1929, and named by him for the Fisher brothers, Detroit industrialists and contributors to the Byrd Antarctic Expedition, 1928-30.[6]

Jones Peak[edit]

Jones Peak is a mainly ice-free peak standing 8 km (5 mi) WNW of Mount Fisher at the head of DeGanahl Glacier. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for John M. Jones, Program Officer of the Committee on Polar Research, United States National Academy of Sciences, 1957-1963.[7]

Mount Oliver[edit]

Mount Oliver is a mountain over 3,800 metres standing three km southeast of Mount Campbell. Discovered and photographed by the USAS, 1939-41. Surveyed by A.P. Crary (1957–58) and named by him for Norman Oliver, Air Force Cambridge Research Center, who was Antarctic Project Leader for aurora operations, 1957-60.[8]

Mount Ray[edit]

Mount Ray is a mountain located 2.4 km southeast of Mount Fisher. Named by US-ACAN for Carleton Ray, USARP zoologist at McMurdo Station in the 1963-64, 1964–65, and 1965-66 summer seasons.[9]

Mount Sellery[edit]

Mount Sellery is a prominent peak between Mount Oliver and Mount Smithson. Discovered and photographed by Byrd on the Baselaying Flight of November 18, 1929, and surveyed by A.P. Crary in 1957-58. The mountain is named by Crary for Harry Sellery of the U.S. National Bureau of Standards, who was Antarctic Project Leader for ionosphere studies, 1957-60.[10]

Mount Smithson[edit]

Mount Smithson is a mountain over 3,000 m along the northern escarpment of the Prince Olav Mountains, standing 3 mi E of Mount Sellery between the heads of Krout and Harwell Glaciers. Named by US-ACAN for James Smithson, English philanthropist. In 1835, his property came into the possession of the United States Government, having been bequeathed by him for the purpose of founding an institution at Washington, DC, to be called the Smithsonian Institution for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.[11]

References[edit]