Prince René of Bourbon-Parma

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Prince René of Bourbon-Parma
Prince René of Bourbon-Parma.jpg
Spouse Princess Margaret of Denmark
Issue Prince Jacques
Anne, Queen of Romania
Prince Michel
Prince André
Full name
Italian: René Carlo Maria Giuseppe di Borbone
House House of Bourbon-Parma
Father Robert I, Duke of Parma
Mother Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
Born (1894-10-17)17 October 1894
Schwarzau am Steinfeld
Died 30 July 1962(1962-07-30) (aged 67)
Copenhagen

Prince René of Bourbon-Parma (17 October 1894 – 30 July 1962) was the seventh surviving son of Robert I, Duke of Parma, and his second wife, Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal.[1] He is the father of Queen Anne of Romania, the wife of Michael I, former King of Romania.

Family[edit]

Prince Rene's mother was Duke Robert's second wife Princess Maria Antonia, a daughter of the exiled King Miguel I of Portugal. By his father's first and second marriages, Rene had over fifteen siblings. Two of the most famous included Empress Zita of Austria and Prince Felix, the consort of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.

Life[edit]

Life in Austria[edit]

Prince Rene was born in Schwarzau am Steinfeld.[1] He was raised in Austria.[2]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 9 June 1921, Prince René married Princess Margaret of Denmark in Copenhagen.[1] She was a daughter of Prince Valdemar of Denmark (himself a younger son of Christian IX of Denmark) by his wife Princess Marie of Orléans. Though her father was a Lutheran, Margaret had been raised in her mother's Catholic faith.[3] Her parents had agreed before the marriage that all their sons would be raised as Lutherans, their father's religion, and that all their daughters would be raised as Roman Catholics.

The couple had four children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Prince Jacques of Bourbon-Parma 9 June 1922[4] 5 November 1964(1964-11-05) (aged 42) married 1947 to Countess Birgitte Alexandra Maria af Holstein-Ledreborg (1922–2009); had issue
Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma (1923-09-18) 18 September 1923 (age 90) married king Michael I of Romania; has issue
Prince Michel of Bourbon-Parma (1926-03-04) 4 March 1926 (age 88) married 1st, Princess Yolande de Broglie-Revel, 5 children; married 2nd, Princess Maria Pia of Savoy, no acknowledged issue
Prince André of Bourbon-Parma 6 March 1928 1 October 2011(2011-10-01) (aged 83) married 1960 to Marina Gacry; had issue

Prince René was a French citizen. A few weeks before the birth of their first child, René and his wife traveled to Paris for a few weeks in order to ensure he was born on French soil.[4] The birth was witnessed by René's three brothers.[4]

Service in World War II[edit]

Near the beginning of World War II, René traveled to Finland, deciding to volunteer for service with the Finnish army.[5] Later in the war, Rene and his family fled to the United States.[6]

Later life[edit]

The family was relatively poor. They chiefly resided in France. In 1939 the family fled from the Nazis and escaped to Spain. From there they went to Portugal and then to the United States.

In 1953, Prince Rene was halted by irate motorists for driving while intoxicated, according to a police statement.[7] As a result, Frederick IX of Denmark forbade Rene from driving an automobile in Denmark for a year. Frederick apparently told Rene to find someone else to drive him if the Prince desired to travel somewhere within the year.[7]

In 1964, Rene's eldest son, Prince Jacques, was killed. He was a motor sport enthusiast, and died in a traffic accident on a highway in Denmark.[8] Rene himself died on 30 July 1962 at the age of 67.[1]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: René Carlo Maria Guiseppe di Borbone, Principe di Parma". Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  2. ^ "Princess Soon to Marry Belongs to Danish Royalty", The Washington Post, 14 March 1921 
  3. ^ Finestone, p. 199.
  4. ^ a b c "Dane Prince Born in France", The Washington Post (Paris), 14 June 1922 
  5. ^ "Bourbon Prince to Fight For Finns", The New York Times (London), 9 February 1940 
  6. ^ "Danish Prince Marries", The New York Times (Copenhagen), 10 June 1947 
  7. ^ a b "King Forbids Prince to Drive For Year", The Washington Post (Copenhagen), 26 March 1953 
  8. ^ "Danish Prince is Killed", Tucson Daily Citizen (Copenhagen), 6 November 1964 

Sources[edit]

  • Finestone, Jeffrey (1981). The Last Courts of Europe: A Royal Family Album 1860-1914. London: J.M. Dent and Sons Ltd. ISBN 0-517-41472-4. 

External links[edit]