Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
|Duke of Gloucester (more)|
The Duke of Gloucester in 2008
|Spouse||Birgitte van Deurs
|Issue||Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster
Lady Davina Lewis
Lady Rose Gilman
|House||House of Windsor|
|Father||Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester|
|Mother||Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester|
26 August 1944 |
Hadley Common, Hertfordshire
|Religion||Church of England|
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, KG GCVO (Richard Alexander Walter George; born 26 August 1944) is the youngest grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary. He has been Duke of Gloucester since his father's death in 1974. He is currently 23rd in the line of succession to the British throne and the first person in line who is not a descendant of King George VI. The Duke of Gloucester carries out royal engagements on behalf of his cousin, Queen Elizabeth II.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Education and career
- 3 Royal duties
- 4 Marriage and family
- 5 Titles, styles, honours, and arms
- 6 Issue
- 7 Ancestry
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Prince Richard was born on 26 August 1944 at Hadley Common in Hertfordshire. His father was Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third son of King George V and Queen Mary. His mother was Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (née Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott), a daughter of the 7th Duke of Buccleuch.
Richard was baptised in the private chapel of Windsor Castle on 20 October 1944 by Archbishop of Canterbury Cosmo Lang. His godparents were his paternal aunt, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Marie Louise (his cousin), the Countess of Athlone (his cousin, for whom her daughter, the Lady May Abel Smith stood proxy), the Duke of Buccleuch (his maternal uncle), the Marquess of Cambridge (his cousin), the Lady Sybil Phipps (his maternal aunt), and General the Hon Sir Harold Alexander (for whom his wife, the Lady Margaret Alexander, stood proxy). Because of the war, newspapers did not identify the precise location of the christening, saying only that it took place at "a private chapel in the country".
As a grandson of the British monarch in the male line, he was styled His Royal Highness Prince Richard of Gloucester at birth. At the time of his birth he was fifth in the line of succession to the throne, and second in line to his father's Dukedom, behind his brother, Prince William of Gloucester, who died in 1972 when the plane he was piloting crashed at Halfpenny Green, near Wolverhampton.
Education and career
Prince Richard's early education took place at home; later, he attended school at Wellesley House in Broadstairs and Eton College. In 1963, he matriculated at Magdalene College, Cambridge to read architecture and received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in June 1966. Subsequently, he incepted as MA (Cantab) in 1971.
After earning his BA in 1966, the Prince joined the (then) Offices Development Group of the Ministry of Public Building and Works for a year of practical work. He returned to Cambridge in 1967, and in June 1969, he passed both parts of the exam for his Diploma in Architecture. Upon completion of his training, he went into practice as a partner in a London architectural firm.
Although he had intended to practice full-time as an architect, the death of his brother Prince William in 1972, when he crashed his plane in a flying competition, left Richard first in line to his father's dukedom and increased his family obligations and royal duties. He therefore resigned his partnership and began to represent his cousin, Queen Elizabeth II, at royal engagements. On 10 June 1974, Prince Richard succeeded his father as Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster and Baron Culloden. The Duke remains particularly interested in architecture and conservation; he became a corporate member of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1972, and serves as a commissioner of the Historic Building and Monuments Commission for England (English Heritage). He is the Royal Patron of the UK branch of the charity "Habitat for Humanity", and President of The London Society (organisation).
Prince Richard has published three books of photographs under the name Richard Gloucester. On Public View: a Selection of London's Open-air Sculpture, with Paul William White (London, Hutchinson, 1971); The Face of London (London, Phaidon Press, 1973); and Oxford and Cambridge, with Hermione Hobhouse (London : Macdonald General Books, 1980). A keen motorist, Prince Richard was president of the Institute of Advanced Motorists for more than 32 years. He had passed the institute's advanced test in 1965. On his appointment in 1971 it was recorded that the institute's new president was "currently [driving] an Austin 1300". He resigned as president in January 2005.
On 10 April 2008, Prince Richard was officially installed as the Founding Chancellor of the University of Worcester in a ceremony at Worcester Cathedral. In this role, the Prince officiates at degree ceremonies and major events, as well as promoting the University overseas. The Duke carried out the first of these duties on 5 and 6 November 2008 at the Graduation Award Ceremonies.
Prince Richard is also a patron of the Severn Valley Railway and the Pestalozzi International Village Trust. He shares a name with another Duke of Gloucester, King Richard III, and is the Patron of the Richard III Society.
During 2009, the Duke became Patron of the de Havilland Aircraft Heritage Centre in support of its bid to raise funds through private means and through a bid for Heritage Lottery Funding to help develop this learning experience, protect the priceless exhibits and improve visitor access to the oldest aviation heritage centre in Britain. It celebrated its 50th anniversary on 15 May 2009.
On 8 November 2011 he opened the new Law School Building at the University of Hertfordshire on the de Havilland campus site of the former de Havilland Aircraft factory.
As part of his role as the Chancellor of the University of Worcester, the Duke of Gloucester was present at the opening of the new University library, The Hive—Europe's first joint public and university library—which was officially opened by his cousin, the Queen, on 11 July 2012.
He is a member of the International Advisory Board of the Royal United Services Institute.
Marriage and family
- Earl of Ulster (Alexander Patrick Gregers Richard Windsor), born 24 October 1974. He married Claire Booth on 22 June 2002. The couple has two children:
- Lord Culloden (Xan Richard Anders Windsor), born 12 March 2007
- Lady Cosima Rose Alexandra Windsor, born 20 May 2010
- The Lady Davina Elizabeth Alice Benedikte Lewis, born 19 November 1977. She married Gary Lewis on 31 July 2004. The couple has two children:
- Senna Kowhai Lewis, born 22 June 2010
- Tāne Mahuta Lewis, born 25 May 2012
- The Lady Rose Victoria Birgitte Louise Gilman, born 1 March 1980. She married George Gilman on 19 July 2008. The couple has two children:
- Lyla Beatrix Christabel Gilman, born 30 May 2010
- Rufus Gilman, born October/November 2012
Their children do not carry out royal duties. As great-grandchildren of a British Sovereign, they do not possess royal titles and are styled as the children of a duke. The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester's official residence is at Kensington Palace in London. They have leased their private home, Barnwell Manor, since 1994.
Titles, styles, honours, and arms
Titles and styles
- 26 August 1944 – 10 June 1974: His Royal Highness Prince Richard of Gloucester
- 10 June 1974 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of Gloucester
His title in full is: His Royal Highness Prince Richard Alexander Walter George, Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster and Baron Culloden, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Grand Prior of the Order of St. John, Service Medal of the Order of St. John.
|Royal Family of
the United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
- 1974 Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)
- 1975 Grand Prior of the Order of St. John
- 1997 Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (KG)
- 1953 Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal
- 1977 Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
- 1980 The Vanuatu Independence Medal
- 2002 Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- 2012 Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- Service Medal of the Order of St John with 3 Bars
- The Order of the Aztec Eagle
- The Order of Tri Shakti Patta
- 1973 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav
- 1975 Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Polar Star
- 1975 The Nepalese Coronation Medal
- 2008 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Tonga
Honorary military appointments
- Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Anglian Regiment
- Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Army Medical Corps
- Deputy Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Logistic Corps
- Royal Colonel, of the 6th (V) Battalion, The Rifles
- The Royal Honorary Colonel, of the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia)
- Honorary Air Commodore, of RAF Odiham
- Honorary Air Commodore, of 501 (County of Gloucester) Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force, 16 June 2001.
- Honorary Air Marshal, Royal Air Force, 1 September 1996.
|Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster||24 October 1974||22 June 2002||Claire Booth||Xan Windsor, Lord Culloden
Lady Cosima Windsor
|Lady Davina Lewis||19 November 1977||31 July 2004||Gary Lewis||Senna Lewis
|Lady Rose Gilman||1 March 1980||19 July 2008||George Gilman||Lyla Gilman
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.
His patrilineal descent (the principle behind membership in Germanic royal houses) can be traced back through the generations—which means that if The Duke of Gloucester were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Wettin, as all his male-line ancestors have been members.
The line diverges from the British royal line at Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, and from then on follows his paternal ancestors. Prince Richard is currently the senior agnatic descendant of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha as the heir-male of King Edward VII.
House of Wettin
- As a titled royal, Richard holds no surname, but, when one is used, it is Windsor.
- Royal Children by Charles Kidd & Patrick Montague-Smith
- The Times, 21 October 1944
- "Yvonne's Royalty Home Page – Royal Christenings". Users.uniserve.com. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- "Appointments Register". Motor: page 57. 9 October 1971.
- Resignation Press Release[dead link]
- "The Richard III Society". Richardiii.net. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- "Mosquito Aircraft Museum – de Havilland Aircraft Heritage Centre". Dehavillandmuseum.co.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- Lennon, Chris (9 November 2011). "Royal opening of University of Hertfordshire law court". Welwyn Hatfield Times (WGC).
- "Royal residences: Kensington Palace".
- Mackay, James, Editor; Mussell, John W.; Editorial Team of Medal News (2004). The Medal Yearbook 2004. Devon, UK: Token Publishing Ltd. p. 236. ISBN 9781870192620.
- "Honours of the Duke of Gloucester". The Royal Household. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Burke's Peerage – The Royal Family – HRH The Duke of Gloucester". Burke's Peerage & Gentry and The Origins Network. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- The London Gazette: . 10 July 2001. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 9 September 1996. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
- "Duke of Gloucester". britishflags.net. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- Media related to Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester at Wikimedia Commons
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Gloucester
- Official biography
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
Cadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 26 August 1944
|Lines of succession|
|Line of succession to the British throne
son of Henry, son of George V
Earl of Ulster
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
The Prince Henry
|Duke of Gloucester
5th creation, 2nd Duke
10 June 1974 – present
Earl of Ulster
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
HRH The Duke of Gloucester
The Duke of Kent