Prince Sultan Air Base

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Prince Sultan Air Base
قاعدة الأمير سلطان الجوية
Al Kharj Air Base
Flag of the Royal Saudi Air Force.svg
IATA: AKHICAO: OEPS
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia
Operator Royal Saudi Air Force
Location Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia
Elevation AMSL 1,651 ft / 503 m
Coordinates 24°03′19″N 047°33′49″E / 24.05528°N 47.56361°E / 24.05528; 47.56361Coordinates: 24°03′19″N 047°33′49″E / 24.05528°N 47.56361°E / 24.05528; 47.56361
Map
Prince Sultan Air Base is located in Saudi Arabia
Prince Sultan Air Base
Prince Sultan Air Base
Location of airport in Saudi Arabia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
17R/35L 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
Sources:[1][2]

Prince Sultan Air Base (Arabic: قاعدة الأمير سلطان الجوية‎) (IATA: AKH[3]ICAO: OEPS) (PSAB) is a military air base located in Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia.[1]

History[edit]

There was formerly a large United States presence there during Operations Southern Watch, Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. The U.S. presence was predominantly that of multiple United States Air Force (USAF) flying units, augmented by a United States Navy (USN) or United States Marine Corps (USMC) Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler squadron, a Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter squadron with Panavia Tornado F.3s and a French Air Force (ALA) fighter squadron with Dassault Mirage 2000s plus a Boeing C-135RF Stratotanker air refueling aircraft. Following the attack on USAF facilities at Khobar Towers in Dharan in 1996, all USAF activities at that location were relocated to PSAB.

A USAF F-15C Eagle fighter taking off from Prince Sultan Air Base in 2000

Before 11 September 2001, per agreement with the Saudi Arabian government, all U.S. and Allied aircraft stationed at PSAB were to be of a "defensive" versus "offensive" nature. This was due to Arab sensitivities that non-Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) aircraft in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia should be perceived as being there for the defense of the Kingdom.

During Operation Southern Watch, this required aircraft carrying offensive strike ordnance for use against ground targets in Iraq to be stationed in Kuwait or aboard aircraft carriers in the Persian Gulf. USAF, USN, USMC, RAF and ALA aircraft that were based at PSAB primarily consisted of airborne early warning, reconnaissance, air refueling, electronic warfare, suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) and air-to-air fighter aircraft, along with transient airlift aircraft. U.S. squadrons came under the operational control of the 363d Air Expeditionary Wing (363 AEW) at PSAB, with associated squadrons or detachments prior to 11 Sep 2001 rotated in and out from their home bases in Europe, the United States or the Pacific on a 90-day to 6-month basis. During Operation Southern Watch, in addition to Active Component aircraft, USAF made extensive use of Air National Guard (ANG) and Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon and Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft and associated personnel on rotational assignments to PSAB and the Navy Reserve occasionally employed EA-6B aircraft at PSAB as well.

In August and early September 2001, Joint Task Force Southwest Asia and its associated Coalition Air Operations Center (CAOC) were in the process of relocating from the Eskan Village complex in Riyadh to PSAB concurrent with construction of a more modern and expanded CAOC at PSAB. Events of 11 Sep 2001 accelerated this movement, so that subsequent command and control of all Coalition air operations for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom were executed from PSAB.

In mid-2003, all U.S. operations at PSAB began migrating to Al Udeid Air Base in Doha, Qatar.

Between 2003 and 2005 Vickers VC10s from No. 101 Squadron RAF were based here in support of Operation Telic before moving to RAF Al Udeid (a section in Al Udeid Air Base).[4]

Current use[edit]

Facilities[edit]

The air base resides at an elevation of 1,651 feet (503 m) above mean sea level. It has two runways designated 17L/R/35L/R with an asphalt surface measuring 4,000 by 45 metres (13,123 ft × 148 ft).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Airport information for OEPS from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ Airport information for AKH at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ "Airline and Airport Code Search (AKH: Prince Sultan AB, Al Kharj)". International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "19 Years Over Iraq". The Official RAF Annual Review 2010 (Stamford: Key Publishing): p. 11. December 2010.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help);
  5. ^ "Royal Saudi Air Force - Al Kharj (Prince Sultan Air Base) (OEPS)". Scramble.nl. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 

External links[edit]