Prince de Neufchatel

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For the sovereign prince of Neuchâtel (Neufchatel is an alternative spelling), see Louis Alexandre Berthier.
Career
Name: Prince de Neufchatel
Builder: Adam and Noah Brown
Launched: 1813
Fate: Captured, December 1814; broken up 1815
General characteristics
Length: 110 ft 8 in (33.7 m)(overall) 93 ft 8 14 in (28.6 m) (keel)
Beam: 25 ft 8 in (7.8 m)
Depth of hold: 11 ft 6 in (3.5 m)
Armament:
Privateer: 18 guns
British service: 16 × 12-pounder carronades + 2 × 6-pounder bow chasers

The Prince de Neufchatel was a fast sailing United States schooner-rigged privateer, built in New York by Adam and Noah Brown in approximately 1812. She is a fine example of the peak of development of the armed schooner. Neufchatel operated in mainly European waters, damaging British shipping during the War of 1812. Noted for her speed, at one time she outran seventeen men-of-war. In 1813, operating in the English channel, she took nine British prizes in quick succession. She also delivered a crushing defeat to the boats of a British frigate that tried to capture her. The British finally captured her in December 1814; She was broken up in 1815.

Construction[edit]

Her design is believed to be due to Christian Bergh. She had a hermaphrodite rig, i.e., she combined the rigs of a schooner and a brigantine. "She carried four sails on the foremast, one square sail on the main, and a large fore-and-aft sail with gaff abaft the fore, with large staysails over and three jibs. Her spanker boom projected far beyond the stern."[1]

After her capture her design caught the Navy Board's interest and on 10 April 1815 it ordered Woolwich Dock to build a copy. However, with the end of the War of 1812 and the Napoleonic Wars, the copy was never built.[2]

Career[edit]

On 11 October 1814, under Captain John Ordronaux, she engaged in one of the most violent privateer clashes of the war. Becalmed on the south side of Nantucket, she became vulnerable. Captain Henry Hope of the HMS Endymion thereupon sent 111 men in five boats to cut out the privateersman defended by 40 Americans. After 20 minutes of savage fighting, the Englishmen surrendered. British casualties amounted to 28 killed, 37 wounded, and 28 taken prisoner. The Americans reported 7 killed and 24 wounded. Ordronaux put most of the wounded and prisoners off at Nantucket, and made the best of his way to Boston.[3]

On 28 December 1814, in the Atlantic, the three British frigates, Acasta, Leander, and Newcastle sighted her and began to pursue. Under the strain of the large sail area her masts sprung. Not being able to outrun the British frigates, Prince de Neufchatel surrendered.[4] John Ordronaux was apparently not her captain at the time; her commander was Nicholas Millin.[5] At the time of her capture, Prince de Neufchatel was armed with 18 guns and had a crew of 129 men. She was eight days out of Boston.[6][Note 1]

Fate[edit]

The British took Prince de Neufchatel back to England. There, however, she was damaged beyond repair on the back of the sill of a dock gate as she was being undocked. As a result she was never commissioned into the Royal Navy. She was broken up in 1815.[2]

Legacy[edit]

The clipper Red Rover, built in 1830, was modeled after Prince de Neufchatel.[7]

Footnotes[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A first-class share of the prize money, that of a captain, was £108 7s 1d; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman or marine, was 12s 9¾d.[4]
Citations
  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b Winfield (2008), p.369.
  3. ^ Ellis, James H. "A Ruinous and Unhappy War: New England and the War of 1812," New York: Algora Publishing, 2009, pp. 99-100.
  4. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 17136. p. 911. 14 May 1816.
  5. ^ [2] Muster Roll of Prince of Neufchatel
  6. ^ [3] HMS Leander - Captain's Log
  7. ^ Carl Trocki (1999). Opium Empire and the Global Political Economy. Psychology Press. pp. 104–. ISBN 978-0-415-19918-6. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Gardiner, Robert (1999) Warships of the Napoleonic Era. (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press).
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.