Prince of Leiningen
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The title of Prince of Leiningen (German: Fürst zu Leiningen) was created[why?] by the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, who elevated Carl Friedrich Wilhelm, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg (a younger branch of the House of Leiningen) to the rank of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire (Reichsfürst) on 3 July 1779.
The family is extant, and all male-line descendants of the grantee bear the title of Prince(ss) of Leiningen (Prinz(essin) zu Leiningen) with the style of Serene Highness. The head of the house is styled The Prince of Leiningen (Fürst zu Leiningen: see the article Fürst for the difference between it and the other princely title, Prinz).
Family connections and events
The fourth prince, Ernst, pursued a career in the British Royal Navy; his marriage to Princess Marie of Baden, a descendant of the Electress Sophia of Hanover, meant that their children were in the line of succession to the British throne, though rather far down the list.
The sixth prince, Karl, married Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia, daughter of Princess Victoria Melita who was in turn daughter of Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Queen Victoria's second son. As a result, their descendants today occupy places higher up the British line of succession, in the early hundreds.
In 1991, the seventh prince, Emich, disinherited his eldest son, the Hereditary Prince Karl Emich, after he married his second wife, Dr Gabriele Thyssen, on May 24 of that same year. The disinheritance was upheld by the German courts, and so on Emich's death later that year he was succeeded by his second son, Andreas, who has been the eighth Prince from then to the present (as of July 2013[update]).
Princes of Leiningen (from 1779)
- Carl Friedrich Wilhelm, 1st Prince of Leiningen (1724–1807)
- Emich Carl, 2nd Prince of Leiningen (1763–1814)
- Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen (1804–1856)
- Ernst, 4th Prince of Leiningen (1830–1904)
- Emich, 5th Prince of Leiningen (1866–1939)
- Karl, 6th Prince of Leiningen (1898–1946)
- Emich, 7th Prince of Leiningen (1926–1991)
- Andreas, 8th Prince of Leiningen (born 1955)
- Website of the Prince of Leiningen
- Marek, Miroslav. "leiningen/leiningen6.html". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source][better source needed]
- European Heraldry page