Prince of Murom

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The Prince of Murom was the kniaz, the ruler or sub-ruler, of the Rus' Principality of Murom, a lordship based on the city of Murom, now in Vladimir Oblast, Russia.

Gleb Vladimirovich, son of Vladimir the Great, ruled the principality in the early eleventh-century.[1] Murom was part of the territory of the Principality of Chernigov in the late eleventh-century, controlled by the Sviatoslavichi clan, the descendants of Iaroslav the Wise; probably it was retained by Vsevolod Iaroslavich even after this Prince of Chernigov became Grand Prince in 1076.[2]

Oleg Sviatoslavich, grandson of Iaroslav and Prince of Chernigov, ruled Murom through a posadnik in the early 1090s, and it was recognised as Oleg's sphere of influence at the Liubech Conference of 1097.[3] Here Oleg's brother Davyd was made co-ruler of Chernigov, and Oleg's lands were parcelled out between Oleg, Davyd and their brother Iaroslav; the latter obtained Ryanzan and Murom.[4]

In 1392 Vasily Dmitr'evich, Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir, obtained a patent from Khan Tokhtamysh authorising the annexation of the Murom principality, along with those of Nizhni Novgorod and Gorodets.[5]

List of princes of Murom[edit]

  • Iaroslav Sviatoslavich, 1097–1129
  • Iurii Iaroslavich, 1129–1143
  • Sviatoslav Iaroslavich, 1143–1145
  • Rostislav Iaroslavich, 1145–1147
  • Vladimir Sviatoslavich, 1147–1149
  • Rostislav Iaroslavich (again), 1149–1155
  • Vladimir Sviatoslavich (again), 1155–1161
  • Iurii Vladimirovich, 1161–1174
  • Davyd Iur'evich, 1174–?
  • Vladimir Iur'evich, ?–1203
  • Igor Iur'evich, 1203–?
  • Iurii Davydovich, ?–1237
  • Iaroslav Iur'evich, 1237–?

After Iaroslav and the destruction of Murom by the Mongols, the princs of Murom disappear for nearly a century, resuming with:

  • Vasily Iaroslavich, ?–1344 x 8
  • Iurii Iaroslavich, 1344 x 8–1353
  • Fedor Glebovich, 1353–x 1392

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence, p. 185.
  2. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 31.
  3. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence, p. 185.
  4. ^ Dimnik, Dynasty of Chernigov, p. 12.
  5. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 228.

References[edit]

  • Dimnik, Martin, The Dynasty of Chernigov, 1146–1246, (Cambridge, 2003)
  • Franklin, Simon, and Shepard, Jonathan, The Emergence of Rus, 750–1200, (Longman History of Russia, Harlow, 1996)
  • Martin, Janet, Medieval Russia, 980–1584, (Cambridge, 1995)