Princes Freeway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the freeway in Victoria. For the motorway in New South Wales, see Princes Motorway.
Princes Freeway
Victoria
Princes-freeway-lara-victoria.jpg
Princes Freeway at Lara
General information
Type Freeway
Length 159 km (99 mi)
Route number(s)
  • (1997-present)
  • Entire route
Former
route number
  • National Route 1 (1955-1997)
  • Entire route[1][2]
Major junctions
West end
 
East end
Location(s)
Major suburbs / towns Geelong, Little River, Werribee, Warragul, Trafalgar, Moe, Morwell
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National HighwayFreeways in Australia
Highways in Victoria

The Princes Freeway is a 159 kilometres (99 mi), 2 section freeway, which links Melbourne to Geelong on the west (47 kilometres (29 mi)) and Morwell on the east (112 kilometres (70 mi)). It continues beyond these extremities as the Princes Highway towards Adelaide to the west and Sydney to the east. The freeway bears the designation M1.

The western section linking Geelong and Melbourne is an important commuter and freight route between the two cities; the eastern section links Melbourne with the Latrobe Valley. The entire freeway is one of the busiest sections of rural highway in Victoria, used by large numbers of freight and commercial vehicles and provides access to tourist attractions in central and east Gippsland. It supports Victoria's rural industries and tourism.

Current route[edit]

The western section (also known as Princes Freeway West or Geelong Road) starts from Altona at the West Gate Interchange, where the Western Ring Road and the old Geelong Road can be accessed by off ramps, and ends at Geelong. This section ranges from six lanes (three in each direction) between Geelong and Werribee, to ten lanes near the Ring Road interchange. Between 1999 and 2003 the section from Hoppers Crossing to Geelong was progressively widened to provide a third lane in each direction, in addition to a number of other safety upgrades being completed. Following this upgrade the speed limit was lowered from 110 km/h to 100 km/h in response to the freeway's poor safety record. [3]

The eastern section (also known as Princes Freeway East) starts from Berwick, a four lane (two lanes in each direction) divided freeway. There are also several highway standard at-grade intersections, most notably between Nar Nar Goon and Longwarry. These intersections are speed limited to 100 km/h, with the only 110 km/h section on the freeway from Longwarry to Morwell. However, traffic still travel through the towns of Yarragon and Trafalgar, therefore urban speed limits apply to these towns (between 60 and 80 km/h) where the road reverts to the Princes Highway (though planning for bypasses of these towns are underway).

The western and eastern sections are connected together through the Melbourne suburbs by the West Gate Freeway, CityLink Tollway and the Monash Freeway. These five sections of road together constitute the route M1 which is part of National Highway 1.

The Princes Freeway subsumes and bypasses most sections of the older Princes Highway. Former bypassed sections of the Princes Highway are generally signed with a National Route Alt 1 shield (within eastern Melbourne) or designated from C101 to C104 and C109.

In March 2010 it was announced by the State Government that trucks would be banned from the right-hand lane along a 38-kilometre section of freeway between Geelong and Melbourne. Suggestions of a ban began in 2005 but increased after the fatal 2007 Burnley Tunnel fire that killed three people.[4] The ban was put into place from 1 July 2010 between Kororoit Creek Road, Altona, and Avalon Road, Lara and covers all heavy vehicles weighing more than 4.5 tonnes, except buses and caravans.[5] A fine of $358 applies to those breaking the rules, the ban being a trial before a full roll-out on the other major roads in the state.[6]

On the urban section of the Princes Freeway (between Laverton North and Werribee), the standard travel time, is 9 minutes. (6 minutes between the Western Ring Road and Forsyth Road and 3 minutes between Forsyth Road and Duncans Road).

The usual peak period travel time, is between 12–18 minutes. However, in times of extreme congestion, including being residual from an incident, the travel time can well exceed 20 minutes.

Western section[edit]

Princes Freeway West (Geelong Road)
Northbound exits Exit Number
Distance to Melbourne
Southbound exits
End Princes Freeway West
continues as West Gate Freeway
to Melbourne
--
(15km)
Start Princes Freeway West
from West Gate Freeway
Footscray, Parkville
Princes Highway
W9
(15 km)
Adelaide, Sydney
Western Ring Road Melbourne Airport
W10
(15 km)
Williamstown
Kororoit Creek Road
11
(17 km)
Williamstown, Tarneit
Kororoit Creek Road
Tarneit, Deer Park
Old Geelong Road
Fitzgerald Road
12
(18 km)
no exit
Laverton
High Street
13
(21 km)
Altona Meadows
Newland Street
Laverton, Point Cook
Point Cook Road
via Aviation Road
14
(22 km)
Point Cook, Laverton
Point Cook Road
Central Avenue
no exit 15
(23 km)
Point Cook
Palmers Road
Hoppers Crossing
Forsyth Road
Point Cook
Boardwalk Boulevard
16
(24 km)
Point Cook
Boardwalk Boulevard
Hoppers Crossing
Forsyth Road
Hoppers Crossing, Werribee
Princes Highway
17
(26 km)
Hoppers Crossing, Werribee
Princes Highway
no exit 19
(31 km)
Werribee Open Range Zoo, Werribee
Duncans Road
Northbound exits Distance to
Melbourne
(km)
Distance to
Geelong
(km)
Southbound exits
Werribee
Princes Highway
37 36 Werribee
Princes Highway
Little River
Little River Road
Cocoroc
South Road
46 27 Cocoroc
South Road
Little River
Little River Road
no exit 49 24 Point Wilson
Point Wilson Road
Argyle Street
BP SERVICE CENTRE 54 19 BP SERVICE CENTRE
To Old Melbourne Road, Point Wilson
Beach Road Avalon Airport
56 17 Point Wilson, To Old Melbourne Road
Beach Road Avalon Airport
Lara, Avalon
Avalon Road
60 13 Avalon, Lara
Avalon Road
Start Princes Freeway West
from Geelong Ring Road
63 10 Corio, Geelong
Princes Highway
North Shore
Shell Parade
End Princes Freeway West
continues as Geelong Ring Road
to Colac and Great Ocean Road

Note Exits are numbered to Duncans Road only.

Sources[edit]

Princes Freeway West on Google Maps.

Eastern section[edit]

Princes Freeway East
Northbound exits Exit Number
Distance to Melbourne
Southbound exits
End Princes Freeway East
continues as Monash Freeway
to Melbourne
Melbourne Airport
--
(44km)
Start Princes Freeway East
from Monash Freeway
Narre Warren, Berwick
Princes Highway
23
(44 km)
Cranbourne, Berwick
Clyde Road
24
(46 km)
Berwick, Cranbourne
Clyde Road
Westbound exits / intersections High Speed Intersection Distance to
Melbourne
(km)
Distance to
Traralgon
(km)
Eastbound exits / intersections High Speed Intersection
no exit 49 116 Beaconsfield, Officer
Princes Highway
BP SERVICE CENTRE 51 114 BP SERVICE CENTRE
Cardinia, Officer
Cardinia Road
55 110 Officer, Cardinia
Cardinia Road
no exit 58 107 Pakenham, Rythdale
McGregor Road
Koo Wee Rup, Pakenham
Koo Wee Rup Road
60 105 Pakenham, Koo Wee Rup
Koo Wee Rup Road
Pakenham
Princes Highway
Nar Nar Goon
Nar Nar Goon Road
69 96 Nar Nar Goon
Nar Nar Goon Road
Pakenham
Princes Highway
Maryknoll
Snell Road High Speed Intersection
71 94 Maryknoll
Snell Road High Speed Intersection
Tynong, Bunyip State Park
Tynong Road
Tynong North Road High Speed Intersection
73 92 Bunyip State Park, Tynong
Tynong North Road
Tynong Road High Speed Intersection
Gumbuya Park 76 89 Gumbuya Park
Garfield, Garfield North
Garfield Road
Garfield North Road High Speed Intersection
78 87 Garfield North, Garfield
Garfield North Road
Garfield Road High Speed Intersection
Tonimbuk
Tonimbuk Road High Speed Intersection
80 85 Tonimbuk
Tonimbuk Road High Speed Intersection
Bunyip
Nash Road High Speed Intersection
82 83 Bunyip
Nash Road High Speed Intersection
Longwarry, Labertouche
Sand Road High Speed Intersection
88 77 CALTEX SERVICE CENTRE
CALTEX SERVICE CENTRE Labertouche, Longwarry
Sand Road High Speed Intersection
Drouin, Mount Baw Baw
Drouin-Warragul Road (Princes Way)
93 72 Neerim, Mount Baw Baw, Drouin
Drouin-Warragul Road (Princes Way)
Drouin, Warragul
Drouin-Warragul Road (Princes Way)
100 65 Warragul, Drouin
Drouin-Warragul Road (Princes Way)
Korumburra, Warragul
Warragul-Korumburra Road
106 59 Warragul, Korumburra
Warragul-Korumburra Road
To Noojee
Nilma, Warragul
Bloomfield Road (Princes Way)
109 56 To Noojee
Nilma
Bloomfield Road (Princes Way)
Cloverlea, Darnum
East-West Road
113 52 Darnum, Cloverlea
East-West Road
Start Freeway 118 47 End Freeway
Shady Creek
Yarragon-Shady Creek Road Australia W3-3.svg
119 46 Yarragon
Yarragon Shady Creek
Yarragon-Shady Creek Road Australia W3-3.svg
Thorpdale
Trafalgar-Thorpdale Road
Willow Grove, Mount Baw Baw
Willow Grove Road Australia W3-3.svg
125 40 Willow Grove, Mount Baw Baw
Willow Grove Road
Thorpdale
Trafalgar-Thorpdale Road Australia W3-3.svg
Trafalgar 126 39 Trafalgar
End Freeway 128 37 Start Freeway
Moe
Old Gippstown Drive
134 31 Moe
Lloyd Street
Moe, Newborough
John Field Drive
138 27 Newborough, Glengarry
John Field Drive
Yallourn North
Haunted Hills Road
142 23 Yallourn North
Haunted Hills Road
no exit 147.5 17.5 Morwell
Morwell-Traralgon Road (Princes Drive)
Leongatha, Morwell
Strzelecki Highway
148 17 Morwell, Leongatha
Strzelecki Highway
no exit 151 14 Morwell, Yarram
Commercial Road
Churchill, Morwell
Monash Way
153 12 Morwell, Churchill
Monash Way
no exit 154 11 Maryvale, Loy Yang
Tramway Road
Morwell
Morwell-Traralgon Road (Princes Drive)
156 9 End Princes Freeway East
continues as Princes Highway
to Traralgon and Sale
Start Princes Freeway East
from Princes Highway

Note Exits are numbered to Clyde Road only.

Sources[edit]

Princes Freeway East on Google Maps.

Current and recent upgrades[edit]

Traralgon Bypass & Duplication to Sale[edit]

Vicroads has completed a final strategy and plans for the M1 Traralgon Bypass. 4 options were put to the public, with Option 2 chosen as the preferred route. Construction is expected to begin in early 2012. East of Traralgon, the A1 between Traralgon and Sale is currently being duplicated and upgraded to M road standard.

Geelong Ring Road[edit]

Main article: Geelong Ring Road

The Federal and State Government announced the construction of a new bypass extending 23 kilometres along Geelong's western outskirts from the Princes Freeway in Corio to the Princes Highway in Waurn Ponds. Drivers using the Bypass between Corio and Waurn Ponds will avoid up to 29 sets of traffic lights, with a travel time at freeway speeds of less than 15 minutes compared with the current 25 - 60 minute trip through Geelong.[7]

The Federal Government allocated $186 million in funding[8] with the State Government providing the remainder, giving a total of $380 million.[9] Construction works for Section 1, between Corio and Bell Post Hill commenced in February 2006. Contracts for Section 2, between Hamlyn Heights and Fyansford, commenced in September 2006 and construction of Section 3, between Fyansford and Waurn Ponds, commenced in November 2007. All 3 stages were scheduled for completion in June 2009.

Duplication to Winchelsea and Colac[edit]

West of Geelong, duplication of the Princes Highway between Waurn Ponds and Winchelsea commenced in 2011 and is expected to be completed in late 2014. Planning for the Winchelsea - Colac section is also underway, with both the Victorian and Australian governments contributing $515 million for this project. Once completed it will be an M standard road.[10]

Pakenham bypass[edit]

The Pakenham Bypass was the final missing link of a continuous freeway from Melbourne to Gippsland in the East of Victoria (excluding the single sets of traffic lights in the small rural towns of Yarragon and Trafalgar). Federal and State Governments jointly funded construction of the bypass at a cost of $242 million which commenced in April 2005 and was completed on 1 December 2007.[11] The 24 km freeway which runs from Beaconsfield to Nar Nar Goon bypasses the townships of Pakenham and Officer and provides an important link between Gippsland and Melbourne.[12]

Sources:

Future upgrades[edit]

Safety improvements[edit]

Proposed safety improvements, Princes Freeway East - Nar Nar Goon to Longwarry North, included in the Victorian Government's Auslink 2 funding statement National Transport Links - Growing Victoria's Economy (aka "the Mothership") [1][dead link].

Princes Highway East[edit]

Proposed duplication of the Princes Highway - Traralgon to Sale, to be funded by Auslink 2 (2009–2014) [2][dead link].

Princes Highway West[edit]

Proposed duplication of the Princes Hwy - Waurn Ponds to Colac, to be funded by Auslink 2 (2009–2014) [3][dead link].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ M1 Princes Freeway West, Main Roads Victoria. Retrieved on 28 August 2013.[self-published source]
  2. ^ M1 Princes Freeway East, Main Roads Victoria. Retrieved on 28 August 2013.[self-published source]
  3. ^ http://mrv.ozroads.com.au/
  4. ^ Clay lucas (4 March 2010). "Trucks banned from freeway lane". The Age. theage.com.au. Retrieved 19 July 2010. 
  5. ^ "Truck lane restrictions : VicRoads". www.vicroads.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 19 July 2010. 
  6. ^ Jessica Craven (17 June 2010). "Princes Freeway truckies in right, will be in wrong". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 19 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "' FULL STEAM AHEAD FOR GEELONG BYPASS AS FIRST AUSLINK FUNDING AGREEMENT SIGNED' - 27 May 2005". Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 26 July 2007. 
  8. ^ "'AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT AGREEMENT FOR GEELONG BYPASS STAGE 3' - 18 July 2007". Retrieved 26 July 2007. [dead link]
  9. ^ "DoI Media Release - 'PREMIER INSPECTS WORKS ON SECTION TWO OF GEELONG BYPASS ' - December 12, 2006". Retrieved 26 July 2007. 
  10. ^ http://www.vicroads.vic.gov.au/Home/RoadProjects/RegionalVictoriaRoadProjects/PrincesHighwayGeelongToColac.htm
  11. ^ "Abigroup - Pakenham Bypass". Retrieved 26 July 2007. [dead link]
  12. ^ "DoI media release - 'COMMUNITY CELEBRATES AS FIRST SOD TURNED ON THE PAKENHAM BYPASS' - August 5, 2005". Retrieved 26 July 2007. 

External links[edit]