Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

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For other people called Princess Alexandra, see Princess Alexandra (disambiguation).
Princess Alexandra Victoria
Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Princess Alexandra Victoria.jpg
Princess Alexandra Victoria with her son Prince Alexander Ferdinand.
Spouse Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia
Arnold Rümann
Issue Prince Alexander Ferdinand of Prussia
Full name
Alexandra Victoria Augusta Leopoldine Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmina
German: Alexandra Viktoria Auguste Leopoldine Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmine
House House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
House of Hohenzollern
Father Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
Mother Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Born (1887-04-21)21 April 1887
Grünholz, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia
Died 15 April 1957(1957-04-15) (aged 69)
Lyon, France

Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (21 April 1887 – 15 April 1957) was a daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Princess Alexandra Victoria's birthplace Grünholz Manor, photographed in 2010.

Princess Alexandra Victoria was born on 21 April 1887 at Grünholz Manor in Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia as the second eldest daughter of Frederick Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderbug-Glücksburg and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.[1][2]

Alexandra Victoria's father was the eldest son of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and a nephew of Christian IX of Denmark. He had succeeded to the headship of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the title of duke upon the death of his father on 27 November 1885.[1][2]

Marriages and issue[edit]

Prince August Wilhelm[edit]

Alexandra Victoria's first husband, Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia.

Alexandra Victoria's first husband was her first cousin Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia, the son of Wilhelm II, German Emperor and his wife Augusta Viktoria, a sister of Alexandra Victoria's mother.[1][2]

They married on 22 October 1908 at the Berliner Stadtschloss.[1][2] The marriage was arranged by the Emperor and Empress, but it was relatively happy. Alexandra was a great favorite of her mother-in-law, especially since the Empress was also her own aunt.[3] A contemporary of the court, Princess Catherine Radziwill, commented that Alexandra "had always shown herself willing to listen to her mother-in-law. She is a nice girl - fair, fat, and a perfect type of the 'Deutsche Hausfrau' dear to the souls of German novel-writers".[4] Another contemporary wrote that the marriage had been a love match, and that Alexandra was a "charmingly pretty, bright girl".[5]

The couple had planned to take up residence in Schönhausen Palace in Berlin, but changed their mind when August Wilhelm's father decided to leave his son the Villa Liegnitz in the Sanssouci Park in Potsdam. Their residence developed into a meeting place for artists and scholars.

Alexandra Victoria and August Wilhelm had one son:

During the First World War, August Wilhelm was made district administrator (Landrat) of the district of Ruppin; his office and residence was now Schloss Rheinsberg. His personal adjutant Hans Georg von Mackensen, with whom he had been close friends since his youth, played an important role in his life. These "pronounced homophilic tendencies" contributed to the failure of his marriage to Princess Alexandra Victoria. They never undertook a formal divorce due to the opposition of August Wilhelm's father, Kaiser Wilhelm II.

After the fall of the German monarchy in 1918, the couple divorced on 16 March 1920.[6]

Arnold Rümann[edit]

Her second husband was Arnold Rümann, whom she married on 7 January 1922 at Grünholz. In 1926, Alexandra moved for a time to New York, where she worked as a painter.[6] She and Arnold were divorced in 1933.[1][2]

Later life[edit]

After World War II, Alexandra lived in a trailer near Wiesbaden, where she earned a living as a portrait and landscape painter.[6] She died on 14 April 1957 in a hotel in Lyons, France.[1][2][6]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 21 April 1887 – 22 October 1908: Her Highness Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
  • 22 October 1908 – 16 March 1920: Her Royal Highness Princess August Wilhelm of Prussia
  • 16 March 1920 – 7 January 1922: Her Highness Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
  • 7 January 1922 - 1933: Her Highness Princess Alexandra Victoria, Mrs. Arnold Rümann
  • 1933 - 15 April 1957: Her Highness Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Darryl Lundy (1 July 2006). "Alexandra Viktoria Prinzessin zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Paul Theroff. "SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  3. ^ Radziwill, p. 38.
  4. ^ Radziwill, pp. 38-39.
  5. ^ Schwering, p. 92.
  6. ^ a b c d "Obituary 2 -- No Title; Princess Alexandra, 70", The New York Times (Lyons, France), 15 April 1957 

Sources[edit]

  • Radziwill, Catherine (1915). The Royal Marriage Market of Europe. New York: Funk and Wagnalls Company. ISBN 1-112-56551-5. 
  • Schwering, Axel von (1915). The Berlin Court Under William II. London: Cassell and Company, Ltd. ISBN 1-112-10547-6.