Princess Amalie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
|Princess Amalie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|Duchess Amalie in Bavaria|
|Spouse||Duke Maximilian Emanuel in Bavaria|
|House||House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
House of Wittelsbach
|Father||Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|Mother||Princess Clémentine of Orléans|
23 October 1848|
Coburg, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
|Died||6 May 1894
Schloss Biederstein, Schwabing, Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria
Princess Marie Luise Franziska Amalie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, full German name: Marie Luise Franziska Amalie, Prinzessin von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Herzogin zu Sachsen (23 October 1848, Coburg, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha – 6 May 1894, Schloss Biederstein, Schwabing, Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria) was a Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha by birth and a Duchess in Bavaria through her marriage to Duke Maximilian Emanuel in Bavaria. Amalie was the fourth child and second eldest daughter of Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his wife Princess Clémentine of Orléans. Her youngest brother was Ferdinand I of Bulgaria.
Marriage and issue
From childhood, Amalie had been intended as the bride of Prince Leopold of Bavaria. However, Duke Maximilian Emanuel in Bavaria, youngest child of Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria and his wife Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, fell in love with her and confided this love in his sister Elisabeth of Bavaria, now Empress of Austria.
The Empress became determined to ensure her favorite brother's happiness. She invited Leopold for an extended visit with the imperial family, among whom was her own fifteen-year-old daughter Archduchess Gisela of Austria. There, Leopold was tactfully made aware that a marriage with Gisela would be looked upon with favor by Emperor Franz Joseph. The temptation to become the Emperor's son-in-law was too strong to resist, and Leopold became engaged to Gisela after only a few days. After a sufficient amount of time had passed to enable Amalie to recover, Empress Elisabeth brought Max and Amalie together. They were married on 20 September 1875 in Ebenthal, Lower Austria, Austria–Hungary.
Amalie and Maximilian Emanuel had three sons:
- Siegfried, Duke in Bavaria (10 July 1876–12 March 1952)
- Christoph Joseph Clemens, Duke in Bavaria (22 April 1879–10 July 1963)
- Luitpold Emanuel, Duke in Bavaria (30 June 1890–16 January 1973)
The marriage was by all accounts a very happy one.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 23 October 1848 – 20 September 1875: Her Serene Highness Princess Amalie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess of Saxony
- 20 September 1875 – 6 May 1894: Her Royal Highness Duchess Amalie in Bavaria, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess of Saxony
- Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Marie Luise Amalie Prinzessin von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- Paul Theroff. "SAXONY". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2009-06-14.