Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine

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Princess Anna
Grand Duchess consort of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.jpg
Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Tenure 4 July 1864 – 16 April 1865
Spouse Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Issue Duchess Anna
Full name
Maria Anna Wilhelmine Elisabeth Mathilde
House House of Hesse-Darmstadt (by birth)
House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(by marriage)
Father Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine
Mother Princess Elizabeth of Prussia
Born (1843-05-25)25 May 1843
Bessungen, Grand Duchy of Hesse
Died 16 April 1865(1865-04-16) (aged 21)
Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Grand Ducal Family of
Hesse and by Rhine
Wappen-HD.png
Louis II
Children
   Louis III
   Prince Charles
   Princess Elisabeth
   Prince Alexander
   Maria Alexandrovna, Empress of Russia
Grandchildren
   Louis IV
   Prince Heinrich
   Anna, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
   Prince Wilhelm

Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Prinzessin Anna von Hessen und bei Rhein; 25 May 1843 – 16 April 1865) was the consort and second wife of Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Early life[edit]

Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine, third child and only daughter of Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine, and his wife, Princess Elisabeth of Prussia, was born at Bessungen, Grand Duchy of Hesse.[1] Her paternal grandfather was Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. Her mother was a granddaughter of King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia.

Her eldest brother, Ludwig, married in 1862 to Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria.

Marriage[edit]

As a young girl, Anna was considered as a possible bride for the future Edward VII of the United Kingdom (known as 'Bertie' to his family).[2] While his mother, Queen Victoria, was in favor of Anna, Bertie's elder sister was opposed to the match, as she believed Anna had a "disturbing twitch".[2] As time went by however, Victoria grew increasingly impatient, and tried to ignore her daughter's hints that Anna was not suitable, declaring "I am much pleased with the account of Princess Anna, (minus the twitching)".[3] In the end, Alexandra of Denmark was chosen instead.

On 4 July 1864 in Darmstadt, Anna married Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin son of Paul Friedrich, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.[1] (Friedrich Franz's first wife, Princess Augusta of Reuss-Köstritz, had died in 1862.) Together they had one daughter:

  • HH Duchess Anna Elisabeth Auguste Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (7 April 1865 – 8 February 1882)[4]

Death[edit]

Anna died of puerperal fever a week later after giving birth to her only daughter. She was buried at the Schwerin Cathedral. Her husband remarried to Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, and fathered by her Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, consort of Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 25 May 1843 – 4 July 1864: Her Grand Ducal Highness Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine
  • 4 July 1864 – 16 April 1865: Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b C. Arnold McNaughton, The Book of Kings, volume 1, page 416
  2. ^ a b Pakula, p. 143.
  3. ^ Pakula, p. 144.
  4. ^ C. Arnold McNaughton, The Book of Kings, volume 1, page 417.

Sources[edit]

Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine
Cadet branch of the House of Hesse
Born: 25 May 1843 Died: 16 April 1865
German royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz
Grand Duchess consort of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
4 July 1864 – 16 April 1865
Vacant
Title next held by
Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt