Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen

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Princess Augusta
Princess of Saxe-Altenburg
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen.jpg
Spouse Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg
Issue Marie Anne, Princess of Schaumburg-Lippe
Grand Duchess Elizaveta Mavrikievna of Russia
Princess Margarethe
Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Luise Charlotte, Duchess of Anhalt
Full name
German: Augusta Luise Adelheid Karoline Ida
House House of Saxe-Meiningen (by birth)
House of Saxe-Altenburg (by marriage)
Father Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Mother Princess Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel
Born (1843-08-06)6 August 1843
Died 11 November 1919(1919-11-11) (aged 76)

Princess Augusta Louise Adelaide Caroline Ida of Saxe-Meiningen (6 August 1843 – 11 November 1919) was the daughter of Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and his wife Princess Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel. She was the mother of Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

Family and early life[edit]

Augusta was the only daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen.[1] Her only sibling was Georg, who would succeed their father in 1866. Georg was seventeen years older than she was.[1]

Augusta's paternal grandparents were Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Luise Eleonore of Hohenloe-Langenburg. Her maternal grandparents were William II, Elector of Hesse and Princess Augusta of Prussia, daughter of Frederick William II of Prussia.

Like her brother, Augusta was born in Meiningen. Despite the large age difference, they seemed to have a good relationship. He was a great lover of theatre; in 1856, he wrote his parents stating how happy he was that Augusta was allowed to attend the theatre and how their mother was more tolerant than she had been when he was a child, when she had declared that no child under thirteen should be allowed in the theatre.[2]

Marriage[edit]

On 15 October 1862, Augusta married Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg in Meiningen. He was fourteen years older, and was a younger son of Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Marie Luise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. They had five children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Marie Anne 14 March 1864 3 May 1918 married on 16 April 1882 to George, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe.
Princess Elisabeth Augusta Marie Agnes 25 January 1865 24 March 1927 married on 27 April 1884 to Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia; [upon her marriage, she took the name Elizaveta Mavrikievna in a Russian Orthodox baptism]
Princess Margarethe Marie Agnes Adelaide Karoline Fredericka 22 May 1867 17 June 1882
Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg 31 August 1871 22 March 1955 married Princess Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe
Princess Luise Charlotte Marie Agnes 11 August 1873 14 April 1953 married on 6 February 1895 to Eduard, Duke of Anhalt; they divorced in 1918, shortly before he died.

Ancestry[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Christian Albrecht Ludwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Luise Eleonore of Hohenloe-Langenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Karoline of Stolberg-Gedern
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William I, Elector of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William II, Elector of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wilhelmina Caroline of Denmark and Norway
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick William II of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Augusta of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Koller, p. 30.
  2. ^ Koller, p. 221.

Sources[edit]

  • Koller, Ann Marie (1984). The Theater Duke: George II of Saxe-Meiningen and the German Stage. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-1196-8.