Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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Princess Caroline Matilda
Countess of Castell-Rüdenhausen (Formerly Princess of Great Britain and Ireland; HRH Duchess of Saxony)
Spouse William Losberg (1948)
Karl Andree (1946–1947)
Max Schnirring (1938–1944)
Friedrich Wolfgang Otto, Count of Castell-Rüdenhausen (1931–1938)
Count Bertram of Castell-Rüdenhausen
Count Conradin of Castell-Rüdenhausen
Countess Victoria of Castell-Rüdenhausen
Calma Schnirring
Dagmar Schnirring
Michael Schnirring
Full name
Caroline Matilda Helen Louisa Augusta Beatrice
German: Caroline Mathilde Helene Ludwiga Augusta Beatrice
House House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein
Born (1912-06-22)22 June 1912
Callenburg Castle, Coburg
Died 5 September 1983(1983-09-05) (aged 71)
Erlangen, Germany

Princess Caroline Matilda of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Caroline Matilda Helen Louise Augusta Beatrice; 22 June 1912 – 5 September 1983) was a German princess, and a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria.[1]

Early life[edit]

Baptism of Princess Caroline Mathilde in 1912.

Princess Caroline Matilda, known in the family as Calma, was born at Callenburg Castle, near Coburg, on 22 June 1912, the fourth child and second daughter of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein.

Her paternal grandparents were Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany and Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany. Leopold was the fourth and last son of Queen Regnant Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

Caroline Mathilde was a younger sister of Prince Johann Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (mother of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden), and Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. She was also an older sister of Prince Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.


Wedding of Princess Caroline Mathilde and Count Friedrich Wolfgang Otto of Castell-Rüdenhausen at Schloss Greinburg in 1931.

Princess Caroline married three times; firstly, on 14 December 1931, she married Friedrich Wolfgang Otto, Count of Castell-Rüdenhausen (27 June 1906 – 11 June 1940). She ultimately abandoned him, amid much controversy and scandal. On 2 May 1938 in Berlin, Caroline and Friedrich were divorced. He was killed in action during World War II, flying over England.

Secondly, on 22 June 1938, she married Flight Captain Max Schnirring (20 May 1895 – 7 July 1944). He was also killed in a flying accident. Thirdly, on 23 December 1946, she married Karl Otto Andree (10 February 1912 – 1984). They divorced on 10 October 1949.

Later life[edit]

The Saxe Coburg family was left virtually penniless for their actions during World War II. Caroline had a difficult time adjusting, becoming estranged from some of her children.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 22 June 1912 – 14 December 1931: Her Highness Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  • 14 December 1931 – 2 May 1938: Her Highness Princess Caroline Mathilde, Countess of Castell-Rüdenhausen
  • 2 May 1938 – 5 September 1983: Her Highness Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha


British Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Descendants of Victoria & Albert
Alastair of Connaught
Johann Leopold of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha
Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha
Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha
Caroline of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha
Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha
Name Birth Death Notes
By Friedrich Wolfgang Otto, Count of Castell-Rüdenhausen
Count Bertram Friedrich of Castell-Rüdenhausen 12 July 1932
Count Conradin Friedrich of Castell-Rüdenhausen 10 October 1933 2011
Countess Viktoria Adelheid of Castell-Rüdenhausen 26 February 1935
By Captain Max Schnirring
Calma Barbara Schnirring 18 November 1938
Dagmar Sibylla Schnirring 22 November 1940
Peter Michael Schnirring 4 January 1943 10 February 1966
By Karl Otto Andree
no issue