Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen
|Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen|
|Landgravine Frederick of Hesse-Kassel|
|Spouse||Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Cassel|
|Landgrave William of Hesse-Kassel
Luise Karoline Marie Friederike
Marie, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Princess Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge
|German: Karoline Polyxena|
|House||House of Nassau-Usingen
House of Hesse-Kassel
|Father||Karl Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Usingen|
|Mother||Countess Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg|
4 April 1762|
|Died||17 August 1823
Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen (German: Prinzessin Karoline Polyxena von Nassau-Usingen; 4 April 1762 – 17 August 1823) was the elder daughter of Karl Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Usingen, and wife of Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Kassel.
Caroline was born at Biebrich, Nassau-Usingen the second child and first daughter of Karl Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (1735–1803), and his wife, Countess Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg (1734–1810), daughter of Christian Karl Reinhard, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Heidesheim.
Marriage and family
Caroline married on 2 December 1786 in Biebrich to Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Kassel (1747–1837), youngest child of Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Mary of Great Britain, daughter of George II of Great Britain.
They had eight children:
- William (24 December 1787 – 5 September 1867), married Louise Charlotte of Denmark (1789–1864) and was the father of Louise of Hesse-Kassel (wife of Christian IX of Denmark).
- Karl Friedrich (9 March 1789 – 10 September 1802)
- Friedrich Wilhelm (24 April 1790 – 25 October 1876)
- Ludwig Karl (12 November 1791 – 12 May 1800)
- Georg Karl (14 January 1793 – 4 March 1881)
- Luise Karoline Marie Friederike (9 April 1794 – 16 March 1881)
- Marie Wilhelmine Friederike (21 January 1796 – 30 December 1880), married Georg, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1779–1860)
- Augusta Wilhelmine Luise (25 July 1797 – 6 April 1889), married Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (1774–1850)
Titles and styles
- 4 April 1762 – 2 December 1786: Her Serene Highness Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen
- 2 December 1786 – 17 August 1823: Her Serene Highness Landgravine Frederick of Hesse-Kassel
|Ancestors of Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen|
Notes and sources
- Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.
- thePeerage.com - Karoline Polyxena Prinzessin von Nassau-Usingen
- Genealogics - Leo van de Pas - Princess Karoline Polyxene von Nassau-Usingen
- L'Allemagne dynastique, Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: vol III page 427
- The Royal House of Stuart, London, 1969, 1971, 1976, Addington, A. C.
- Europäische Stammtafeln, Band I, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von