Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Princess Cecilie
Hereditary Grand Duchess of Hesse
Princess Cecilie of Greece.jpg
Spouse Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse
Issue Prince Ludwig
Prince Alexander
Princess Johanna
Stillborn son
House House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (by birth)
House of Hesse-Darmstadt (by marriage)
Father Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
Mother Princess Alice of Battenberg
Born (1911-06-22)22 June 1911
Tatoi Palace, Tatoi, Greece
Died 16 November 1937(1937-11-16) (aged 26)[1]
Ostend, Belgium
Burial Rosenhöhe, Darmstadt

Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Πριγκίπισσα Καικιλία της Ελλάδας και Δανίας) (22 June 1911 – 16 November 1937) was the wife of Hereditary Grand Duke Georg Donatus of Hesse and the sister of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Birth and ancestry[edit]

Cecilie as a young girl.

Cecilie was the third child and daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. She was born on 22 June 1911 at the summer estate of the Greek Royal Family at Tatoi, fifteen kilometres north of Athens. Although her given name was Cecilie, she was known to her family as Cécile.

Cecilie was baptised at Tatoi on 2 July 1911. Her godparents were King George V of the United Kingdom, Grand Duke Ernst Louis of Hesse, Prince Nicholas of Greece and Duchess Vera of Württemberg.

Through her father Cecilie was a grandchild of King George I of Greece and his wife Grand Duchess Olga Konstantinova of Russia (a granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia). Through her mother she was a great-granddaughter of Princess Alice of the United Kingdom (daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert).

Cecilie had three sisters: Margarita (wife of Prince Gottfried of Hohenlohe-Langenburg), Theodora (wife of Berthold, Margrave of Baden) and Sophie (wife firstly of Prince Christoph of Hesse and secondly of Prince Georg Wilhelm of Hanover). Her brother Philip, later Duke of Edinburgh, is the husband of Elizabeth II.

In 1922 Cecilie and her sisters were bridesmaids at the wedding of their uncle Lord Louis Mountbatten (later Earl Mountbatten of Burma) to Edwina Ashley.[2]

Marriage and children[edit]

Princess Cecilie with her children Princes Alexander and Ludwig and Princess Johanna.

On 2 February 1931 at Darmstadt, Cecilie married Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. They had four children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Prince Ludwig Ernst Andreas of Hesse and by Rhine 25 October 1931 16 November 1937 Killed in air accident
Prince Alexander Georg Karl Heinrich of Hesse and by Rhine 14 April 1933
Princess Johanna Marina Eleonore of Hesse 20 September 1936 14 June 1939 Died from meningitis.
Stillborn son[3] 16 November 1937 Stillborn in air accident

On 1 May 1937 Cecilie and her husband both joined the Nazi Party.[4]

Death[edit]

In October 1937, Cecilie's father-in-law Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig of Hesse died. A few weeks after the funeral, her brother-in-law Prince Ludwig was due to be married to the Hon. Margaret Campbell-Geddes in London.

On 16 November 1937, Georg Donatus, Cecilie, their two young sons and Georg's mother Grand Duchess Eleonore left Darmstadt for London, where they planned to attend the wedding. The aeroplane hit a factory chimney in bad weather near Ostend, Belgium, and crashed in flames, killing all on board.[5] Cecilie was eight months pregnant[3] with her fourth child at the time of the crash, and the remains of her baby were found in the wreckage, indicating that Cecilie had gone into labour[6] or suffered sufficient bodily trauma to result in birth.

Cecilie was buried with her husband, two sons and the stillborn child in Darmstadt at the Rosenhöhe, the traditional burial place of the Hesse family. Cecilie's daughter Johanna was adopted by Prince Ludwig and Princess Margaret. However, Joanna died two years later from meningitis and is buried with her parents and siblings.

In popular culture[edit]

The crash figures in the plot of A Matter of Honour by Jeffrey Archer, where Grand Duke Georg has in his possession the jewels of his aunt, the last Tsaritsa of Russia, which the KGB are looking for.

Styles of
Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am

Titles, styles, honours, and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 22 June 1911 – 2 February 1931: Her Royal Highness Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark
  • 2 February 1931 – 16 November 1937: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine

Honours[edit]

Ancestors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Worldroots.com
  2. ^ David Duff, Hessian Tapestry (London: Frederick Muller, 1967), plate facing p. 352.
  3. ^ a b Greek Royal Family at the Wayback Machine (archived March 17, 2006)
  4. ^ Jonathan Petropoulos, Royals and the Reich: The Princes von Hessen in Nazi Germany (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), 382.
  5. ^ "Germany: Curse of Hesse", Time magazine 29 November 1937.
  6. ^ Duff, 351-352.
Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 22 June 1911 Died: 16 November 1937
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich
— TITULAR —
Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
9 October 1937 – 16 November 1937
Reason for succession failure:
Grand Duchy abolished in 1918
Vacant
Title next held by
Margaret Campbell-Geddes