Princess Frederica of Hanover

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Princess Frederica of Hanover
Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen
1848 Frederica of Hanover.jpg
Spouse Baron Alfons von Pawel-Rammingen
Issue
Victoria Georgina Beatrice Maud Anne
Full name
Frederica Sophie Marie Henrietta Amelia Theresa
German: Friederike Sophie Marie Henriette Amelie Therese
House House of Hanover
Father George V of Hanover
Mother Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Born 9 January 1848
Hanover
Died 16 October 1926(1926-10-16) (aged 78)
Biarritz, France

Princess Frederica of Hanover, (9 January 1848 – 16 October 1926) was a member of the House of Hanover. After her marriage, she lived mostly in England, where she was a prominent member of Society.

Frederica of Hanover circa 1915

Early life[edit]

Frederica was born 9 January 1848 in Hanover, the elder daughter of the Hereditary Prince of Hanover (later King George V of Hanover) and of his wife, Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg. She held the title of Princess with the style Her Royal Highness in Hanover. In the United Kingdom, she held the title of Princess with the style Her Highness as a male-line great-granddaughter of King George III.

In January 1866, the Prime Minister of Prussia Otto von Bismarck began negotiations with Hanover, represented by Count Platen-Hallermund, regarding the possible marriage of Frederica to Prince Albrecht of Prussia.[1] These plans came to nothing as tensions grew between Hanover and Prussia final resulting in the Austro-Prussian War (14 June – 23 August 1866).

In 1866, Frederica's father was deposed as King of Hanover. Eventually the family settled at Gmunden in Austria, where they owned Schloss Cumberland (named for the British Ducal title held by Frederica's father). Frederica visited England with her family in May 1876,[2] and again, after her father's death, in June 1878.[3]

Marriage[edit]

Frederica was courted by her second cousin, Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (with whom she later became lifelong friends and confidantes),[citation needed] and by Alexander, Prince of Orange. Frederica, however, was in love with Baron Alfons von Pawel-Rammingen (1843–1932), the son of a government official of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Alfons had served as an equerry to Frederica's father.[4] Alfons was naturalised as a British subject on 19 March 1880 and, on 24 April 1880, he and Frederica were married.[5] The wedding took place in Windsor Castle presided by the Bishop of Oxford.[6] Alfons' sister Anna was married to Baron Oswald von Coburg, the son of an illegitimate son of Prince Ludwig Karl Friedrich of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (third son of Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld).

Alfred Tennyson, the Poet Laureate, wrote a quatrain in honour of Frederica's marriage, focusing on her relationship to her blind father, who had died two years before:[7]

O you that were eyes and light to the King till he past away
From the darkness of life —
He saw not his daughter — he blest her: the blind King sees you to-day,
He blesses the wife.

After their marriage Frederica and Alfons lived in an apartment at Hampton Court Palace.[8] The apartment was in the south-west wing of the west front of the palace in the suite formerly called the "Lady Housekeeper's Lodgings". Frederica and Alfons had one daughter who was born and died at Hampton Court Palace:

Frederica and Alfons were frequent guests at Windsor Castle and at Osborne House.

Charitable works[edit]

Frederica was involved with numerous charitable activities. In August 1881, she established the Convalescent Home, an institution for poor women who have given birth but have been discharged from maternity hospitals.[12][13] Because her father had been blind, she was a benefactress of the Royal Normal College and Academy of Music for the Blind at Upper Norwood.[14] She was also patron of the Training College for Teachers of the Deaf at Ealing,[15] of the Strolling Players' Amateur Orchestral Society,[16] of the Hampton Court and Dittons Regatta[17] of the Home for Foreign Governesses,[18] of the Mission to the French in London,[19] and of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.[20] She was President of the Middlesex Branch of SSFA (Soldiers'& Sailors' Families Association.

Later life and death[edit]

Frederica and Alfons gave up their apartment at Hampton Court Palace in 1898.[21] While they continued to live part of the year in England, they subsequently spent more time in Biarritz in France where they had previously vacationed. They owned Villa Mouriscot there.[22]

Frederica died in 1926 at Biarritz. She was buried in the Royal Vault in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.[23] In 1927 a window in her memory was unveiled in the English Church in Biarritz.[24]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 9 January 1848 – 24 April 1880: Her Royal Highness Princess Frederica of Hanover and Cumberland, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland
  • 24 April 1880 – 16 October 1926: Her Royal Highness Princess Frederica of Hanover, Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Otto von Bismarck, Bismarck, the Man and the Statesman (New York: Harper, 1898), II, 26.
  2. ^ "Court Circular", The Times ( 22 May 1876): 11.
  3. ^ "Court Circular", The Times ( 24 June 1878): 9.
  4. ^ Sarah Tytler, Life of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen (Toronto: G. Virtue, 1885), II, 224.
  5. ^ Melville Ruvigny, The Nobilities of Europe (London: Melville, 1909), 229.
  6. ^ "The Royal Marriage", The Times ( 24 April 1880): 11.
  7. ^ Included in Alfred Tennyson, Ballads and Other Poems (London: C.K. Paul, 1880), 182.
  8. ^ Ernest Law, The History of Hampton Court Palace (London: G. Bell, 1903), III, 382-384 and 445-446.
  9. ^ "News in Brief", The Times ( 29 March 1881): 10.
  10. ^ "Court Circular", The Times ( 1 April 1881): 10.
  11. ^ "Royal Funeral at Windsor", The Times ( 1 April 1881): 10.
  12. ^ "Hampton Court Palace", The Times ( 8 August 1881): 8.
  13. ^ Law, III, 383-384.
  14. ^ "Royal Normal College for the Blind", The Times ( 20 December 1881): 11.
  15. ^ The Times ( 2 June 1884): 12.
  16. ^ The Times ( 15 October 1887): 1.
  17. ^ G. Dear One Hundred Years of Skiff Racing British Rowing Almanac 2001
  18. ^ The Times ( 31 January 1888): 14.
  19. ^ The Times ( 11 February 1891): 9.
  20. ^ The Times ( 24 June 1895): 8.
  21. ^ Royal Palaces of England, edited by R.S. Rait (London: Constable, 1911), 203.
  22. ^ "Baron Rammingen", The Times ( 22 November 1932): 14.
  23. ^ "Court Circular", The Times ( 19 November 1926): 17.
  24. ^ "Court News", The Times ( 28 July 1927): 15.