Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia

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For other people called Princess Friederike, see Princess Frederica (disambiguation).
Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia
Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Friederike Louise von Brandenburg-Ansbach.jpg
Spouse Karl Wilhelm Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Issue Karl
Charles Alexander
Wilhelmine Eleonore
Louise Charlotte
House House of Hohenzollern
Father Frederick William I of Prussia
Mother Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Born (1714-08-29)29 August 1714
Berlin
Died 4 February 1784(1784-02-04) (aged 69)
Unterschwaningen
Prussian Royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png
Frederick William I
Children
   Frederick Louis, Prince of Orange
   Wilhelmine, Margravine of Bayreuth
   Friedrich William, Prince of Orange
   Princess Charlotte Albertine
   Frederick II
   Friederike Luise, Margravine of Ansbach
   Philippine Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
   Prince Ludwig Karl Wilhelm
   Sophia Dorothea, Margravine of Schwedt
   Louisa Ulrika, Queen of Sweden
   Prince Augustus William
   Anna Amalie, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg
   Prince Henry
   Prince Augustus Ferdinand

Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia (German: Friederike Luise von Preußen) (29 August 1714 – 4 February 1784) was a daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover and Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

Family[edit]

Friederike Luise as a child, 1716

As the sixth child and third daughter of Frederick William I, Friederike Luise was a sister of Frederick II of Prussia, Queen Louisa Ulrika of Sweden, and Philippine Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Through her mother, she was a granddaughter of George I of Great Britain. This thus made her a niece of George II of Great Britain and a cousin of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Anne, Princess of Orange, and Queen Louise of Denmark and Norway.

Marriage and children[edit]

On 30 May 1729 in Berlin, Friederike Luise married her Hohenzollern kinsman Karl Wilhelm Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (12 May 1712 - 3 August 1757). They had two children :

Biography[edit]

After the death of her older sister Charlotte Albertine (1713–1714), she was given special consideration and was allowed to grow up as she pleased. Her sister Wilhelmine of Bayreuth describes her in her memoirs as possessing a "capricious and petty nature". However, she also praised her talent and beauty.

Her marriage was arranged by her mother-in-law, the regent of Ansbach, and her father, who wished to gain influence in Ansbach. Her brother, King Frederick II, extended her appanage and received in return a regiment of soldiers from Ansbach. The marriage was not happy; her spouse Karl Wilhelm Friedrich was known as "The wild margrave". He even remarked to King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia that he had cheated by the marriage. Even on the trip to Ansbach in June 1729 for her wedding, Luise Friederike was suffering from symptoms of the metabolic disease porphyria. She suffered from nausea, vomiting and faintings during which she was "dead as it seemed". Her spouse claimed she was lame and had bad teeth. Initially, he would not sleep with her. Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia commented on the marriage in February 1732 in these terms: "My sister and her husband the Ansbacher hate each other like fire." (»... ma soeur d'Anspac et son mari qui se Mr. haïssent comme le feu. ") At a window in the family room of the Ansbacher Residenz, she scratched this plea with a diamond in the glass:" The souffre sans oser le dire. " (I suffer without daring to say it.)

At the birth of her son, Friederike Louise was given Hofmark Unterschwaningen as a residence. However, the Hereditary Prince Carl Friedrich August died on 8 May 1737. The Margrave and the whole court blamed Friederike Louise for his death. She separated from her spouse and lived more and more in the seclusion of Unterschwaningen, which she expanded artistically. Friederike Louise did not return to Ansbach until she became a widow in 1757. Her unhappiness was further compounded by the refusal of her surviving son to see or acknowledge her.


Ancestry[edit]

Sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Media related to Friederike Luise of Prussia at Wikimedia Commons

Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia
Born: 19 August 1714 Died: 4 February 1784
German nobility
Vacant
Title last held by
Christiane Charlotte of Württemberg-Winnental
Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach
30 May 1729 – 3 August 1757
Vacant
Title next held by
Fredericka Caroline of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld