Landgravine Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt
|Princess Friederike Caroline Luise|
Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt
|Spouse||Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
|Father||Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt|
|Mother||Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg|
20 August 1752|
Darmstadt, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||22 May 1782
Hanover, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire
She is a direct matrilineal ancestor (through women only) of Queen Margarethe II of Denmark, King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, King Albert II of Belgium, King Harald V of Norway, and Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg.
Friederike was born in Darmstadt, the eldest daughter of Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt, second son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg.
She married Duke Charles of Mecklenburg-Strelitz on 18 September 1768 in Darmstadt. They had ten children together. Two daughters became queens consort as Louise would marry Frederick William III of Prussia and Frederica would marry Ernest Augustus I of Hanover.
Friederike died of complications resulting from child birth in Hanover, where her husband was field marshal of the household brigade. After her death her husband married her younger sister Charlotte in 1784. In 1794 her husband succeeded to the throne of Mecklenburg-Strelitz as Charles II and in 1815 at the Congress of Vienna, he was raised to the title grand duke.
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