Fatma Sultan (daughter of Ahmed III)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Princess Hatice)
Jump to: navigation, search
Fatma Sultan
Spouse Silâhdar Ali Pasha
Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha
House House of Osman
Father Ahmed III
Mother Emetullah Kadınefendi
Born Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Religion Islam

Fatma Sultan was an Ottoman princess, daughter of Ahmed III and consort to Grand Vizier Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha. She is considered to have been politically active and exerted influence on the affairs of state during the late Tulip era (1703–1730).

Biography[edit]

At the age of five she was married to Silâhdar Ali Pasha. The paşa symbolically entered her chambers because the bride had not yet reached puberty. In 1713, Silâhdar Ali became Grand Vezir but was unable to exercise his marital rights as in 1716 he perished in the battle at Peterwardein with the Austrians. Hatice Sultan was married very young but, as was tradition with Ottoman princesses,[1] did not live with her husband until several years after the marriage.

She was described as having had a large political influence on both her father, who left the ruling to her husband, and on her husband, the Grand Vizier. Some sources regard her as the real ruler of the later part of the Tulip era. She was said to have assisted the Marquis de Villeneuve, French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1728–1741, in favor of an Ottoman policy benefitting to French interests during the Russo-Austrian-Turkish War (1735–1739).[2] She has been referred to[3] as the last de facto female ruler of the Ottoman Empire.[4] The couple spent several happy and affluent years during the notorious for its splendidness and lavishness Tulip Age (Lâle Devri) which became the symbol of the reign of Ahmed III. The yeniçeri mutiny of Patrona Halil (1730) put an end to the family life of Fatma – the yeniçeris deposed her father, Nevşehirli İbrahim was executed and the family property was confiscated. During her lifetime she founded waqfs in the capital bequeathing mülk properties she had received from her father.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alev Lytle Croutier: Harem
  2. ^ Alev Lytle Croutier: Harem
  3. ^ Alev Lytle Croutier: Harem
  4. ^ Alev Lytle Croutier: Harem