Princess Helena Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

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Princess Helena Adelaide
Princess Helena Adelaide of Denmark
HelenetoSCHLESWIGHOLSTEIN.jpg
Spouse Prince Harald of Denmark
Issue Feodora, Princess Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe
Caroline-Mathilde, Hereditary Princess of Denmark
Alexandrine-Louise, Countess Luitpold of Castell-Castell
Prince Gorm
Prince Oluf
Full name
Helena Adelaide Victoria Marie
German: Helene Adelheid Viktoria Marie
House House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Father Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
Mother Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Born (1888-06-01)1 June 1888
Grünholz, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia
Died 30 June 1962(1962-06-30) (aged 74)
Hellerup, Denmark
Religion Lutheranism

Princess Helena Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (German: Helene Adelheid Viktoria Marie; 1 June 1888 - 30 June 1962) was the third eldest daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.[1][2] She was a princess of Denmark through her marriage within the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg to Prince Harald of Denmark. Princess Helena was a Nazi sympathiser during World War II and was after the war exiled from Denmark, but eventually allowed to return, where she died.

Early life[edit]

Princess Helena's birthplace, Grünholz Manor, photographed in 2010.

Princess Helena was born 1 June 1888 at Grünholz Manor in Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia, the third eldest daughter of Frederick Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.[1][2] Her father was the eldest son of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and a nephew of Christian IX of Denmark. Three years before the birth of Princess Helena, he had succeeded to the headship of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the title of duke upon the death of his father in 1885.

Marriages and issue[edit]

Princess Helena and Prince Harald in 1909

Princess Helena married Prince Harald of Denmark, fourth child and third son of Frederick VIII of Denmark and his wife Princess Louise of Sweden and Norway on 28 April 1909 at Glücksburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.[1][2] After their marriage, Prince Harald and Princess Helena lived at the Jægersborghus country house north of Copenhagen which Prince Harald had purchased in 1907. Here their five children were born between 1910 and 1923.[1][2]

Later life[edit]

Princess Helena became very unpopular during World War II because of her sympathy for the German occupation and the Nazi party after the German occupation of Denmark in 1940. The Danish resistance movement stated that Princess Helena was the only member of the Danish royal house to have betrayed Denmark: she received and entertained Germans in her home, attended parties hosted by the Germans at Gesandtskab and had been introduced to Danish collaborationists by Ebba Lerche[who?].[3] Because of this, she was reportedly not on speaking terms with her sons. Her employee, Paul Dall, responsible for setting her table, was a contact of the German Abwehr in Copenhagen, and was after the war judged guilty as a spy.[3]

In 18 January 1942 she participated in the memorial service for an SS officer, C.E. von Schalburg, who had died on the Russian front, a service which the monarch refused to attend. In 1942, Helena made efforts to convince Prince Knud of Denmark to persuade the monarch to allow Nazi members in to the Danish government.[4]

Princess Helena is not considered to have been a regular German agent, but rather an informer and a contact on informal basis.[4] After the war, owing to Princess Helena being a member of the Royal house, she was not brought to trial, as any punishment was at the discretion of the King. She was instead exiled from Denmark on 30 May 1945 and placed under house arrest at the Glücksburg Castle in Germany.[4]

She was allowed to return to Denmark in 1947, when Prince Harald fell gravely ill. She stayed with her spouse until his death two years later.[5] Prince Harald died on 30 March 1949 in Copenhagen. Princess Helena survived her husband by 13 years and died on 30 June 1962 in Hellerup, Denmark.[1][2] She was buried at Roskilde Cathedral.

Issue[edit]

Helena and Harald had five children:[1][2]

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Feodora 3 July 1910 17 March 1975 married her first cousin, Prince Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe and had issue.
Princess Caroline-Mathilde 27 April 1912 12 December 1995 married her first cousin Prince Knud of Denmark and had issue.
Princess Alexandrine-Louise 12 December 1914 26 April 1962 married Count Luitpold of Castell-Castell and had issue.
Prince Gorm 24 February 1919 26 December 1991 Unmarried and without issue.
Prince Oluf 10 March 1923 19 December 1990 Lost his title and became HE Count Christian of Rosenborg after marrying without consent to Annie Helene Dorrit Puggard-Müller and to Lis Wulff-Juergensen. He has issue.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 1 June 1888 – 28 April 1909: Her Highness Princess Helena Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
  • 28 April 1909 – 30 June 1962: Her Royal Highness Princess Helena Adelaide of Denmark

Ancestry[edit]

Descent from Christopher II of Denmark[edit]

She was a direct descendant of Christopher II of Denmark and brought the line of his illegitimate son Erik Christoffersen Løvenbalk back into the Danish royal line. The current reigning Danish royal family only descend from Christopher II's sister, Richeza of Denmark, Lady of Werle.

  1. Christopher II of Denmark
  2. Erik Christoffersen Løvenbalk
  3. Niels Eriksen Løvenbalk
  4. Jens Nielsen Løvenbalk
  5. Maren Jensdatter Løvenbalk
  6. Niels Jensen Kaas af Sparre
  7. Niels Kaas af Sparre
  8. Mogens Nielsen Kaas af Sparre
  9. Erik Mogensen Kaas af Sparre
  10. Otte Eriksen Kaas af Sparre
  11. Mogens Ottesen Kaas af Sparre
  12. Otte Kaas af Sparre
  13. Rudbek Kaas af Sparre
  14. Otto Ditlev Kaas af Sparre
  15. Edele Sophie Ottosdatter Kaas af Sparre
  16. Johanne Henriette Valentine Kaas af Mur
  17. Lovisa-Sophie Danneskjold-Samsøe
  18. Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
  19. Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
  20. Princess Helena Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Darryl Lundy (23 February 2007). "Helene Adelheid Prinzessin zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 6 September 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Paul Theroff. "SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 6 September 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Tore Pryser (2009). Kvinnliga spioner (Female spies) (in Swedish). ISBN 978-91-27-11741-9. 
  4. ^ a b c Tore Pryser (2009). Kvinnliga spioner (in Swedish). ISBN 978-91-27-11741-9. 
  5. ^ Bo Bramsen (1992). Huset Glücksborg (in Danish). Forum. 

External links[edit]