Princess Irene, Duchess of Aosta
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (August 2012)|
|Queen of Croatia
Duchess of Aosta
|Spouse||Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta|
|Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta|
|House||House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
House of Savoy
|Father||Constantine I of Greece|
|Mother||Sophia of Prussia|
13 February 1904|
|Died||15 April 1974
|Burial||Basilica of Superga|
prev Greek Orthodox
Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark (Πριγκίπισσα Ειρήνη της Ελλάδας και Δανίας) (13 February 1904 – 15 April 1974) was the fifth child and second daughter of Constantine I of Greece and his wife, the former Princess Sophie of Prussia.
Family and early life
Her paternal grandparents were George I of Greece and Olga Konstantinovna of Russia. Her maternal grandparents were Friedrich III, German Emperor, and his Empress consort Victoria. Victoria was a daughter of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Queen regnant Victoria of the United Kingdom.
In 1927, Irene's brother, George, announced her engagement to Prince Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe, a nephew of Christian X of Denmark. Nothing ever came of it these plans however. He later married his cousin Princess Feodora of Denmark.
- Prince Amadeo Umberto Constantino Giorgio Paolo Elena Maria Fiorenzo Zvonimir of Savoy, born 27 September 1943
From 1941 to 1942, she served with the International Red Cross in the Soviet Union.
Prince Aimone became 4th Duke of Aosta on 3 March 1942, following the death of his elder brother Prince Amadeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta. On 18 May 1941, taking the name Tomislav II, he was proclaimed King of the Independent State of Croatia. He never set foot on the territory of the state, and subsequently abandoned the crown on 12 October 1943, after the Italian withdrawal from the war.
Princess Irene was not in favour of her husband taking the Crown of Zvonimir, but supported his plans to get away from the duty of becoming the King of Croatia. After the Allied armistice' with the Kingdom of Italy, the princess was captured by the Germans and taken to a labour camp in Austria and later in Poland. She and her family were interned in a Nazi concentration camp in 1944. Amedeo, her son and heir, was at that time a small infant and often ill. Irene was liberated by the French. Prince Aimone died on 29 January 1948 in Buenos Aires. Upon his death, his son Amedeo succeeded him as the 5th Duke of Aosta.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 13 February 1904 – 1 July 1939: Her Royal Highness Princess Irine of Greece and Denmark
- 1 July 1939 – 18 May 1941: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Spoleto
- 18 May 1941 – 31 July 1943: Her Majesty The Queen of Croatia
- 3 March 1942 – 29 January 1948: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Aosta
- 29 January 1948 – 15 April 1974: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Aosta
- Kingdom of Greece : Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Olga and Sophia -
- Austria-Hungary : Dame of the Order of the Starry Cross -
- "Princess Irene Tells Engagement To Prince Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe", The New York Times (Vienna), 13 October 1927
- "Duchess of Aosta", The New York Times (Berlin), 15 April 1974