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|Spouse(s)||Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski|
Maria Anna Czartoryska
Adam Jerzy Czartoryski
Konstanty Adam Czartoryski
|Father||Georg Detlev von Flemming|
3 March 1746|
|Died||15 July 1835
Wysocko, Austrian Empire
In Paris in 1772 she met Benjamin Franklin, subsequently a leader of the American Revolution, and the French philosophers Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire, who were bringing new ideas to the old order.
In 1775, together with her husband, Czartoryska completely transformed the Czartoryski Palace at Puławy into an intellectual and political meeting place. Her court was one of the most liberal and progressive in the Commonwealth, although some aspects of her behavior also caused scandals.
Izabela discovered the talent of the young painter Aleksander Orłowski and financed him.
In 1784 she joined the Patriotic Party.
In 1796 Izabela ordered the rebuilding of the ruined palace at Puławy and began a museum. Among the first objects to be included were Turkish trophies that had been seized by Polish King Jan III Sobieski's forces at the 1683 Battle of Vienna. Also included were Polish royal treasures and historic Polish family heirlooms. In 1801 Izabela opened the first museum in Poland, the Temple of the Sibyl, also called "The Temple of Memory". It contained objects of sentimental importance pertaining to the glories and miseries of human life. During the November Uprising in 1830, the museum was closed. Izabela's son Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, going into exile in Paris, evacuated the museum's surviving objects to the Hôtel Lambert. His son Władysław Czartoryski would reopen the museum in 1878 in Kraków, where it exists today.
- Myśli różne o sposobie zakładania ogrodów (1805)
- Pielgrzym w Dobromilu, czyli nauki wiejskie (ca. 1818)
See also