Princess Louisa Inlet
|Princess Louisa Inlet|
|Location||East side of Queens Reach, New Westminster Land District|
|Max. length||6 km (3.7 mi)|
|Max. depth||179 m (587 ft)|
|Islands||Malibu Isle, MacDonald Island|
Princess Louisa Inlet on the British Columbia Coast is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) in length and lies at the north east end of Jervis Inlet. It is entered through Malibu Rapids off Queens Reach past Malibu, a former private resort and now youth camp. A portion of the area makes up Princess Louisa Marine Provincial Park. James Bruce Falls and Chatterbox Falls are on Loquilts Creek, a large stream that enters the head of the inlet.
In June 1792 George Vancouver, charting the BC Coast in a search for the Northwest Passage, explored Jervis Inlet to its end and apparently found the entrance to Princess Louisa Inlet but did not enter as the tide was ebbing through Malibu Rapids at the time.:52 In 1860 Captain George Richards surveyed and mapped Jervis and Princess Louisa Inlets naming it and surrounding features. In the same year Commander Richard Charles Mayne explored the valley at the head of the inlet hoping that it would lead to the interior of British Columbia.:54
James F. "Mac" MacDonald purchased the core of the park, 45 acres (18.2 ha), in 1919 and donated it to the Princess Louisa International Society in 1953. It was acquired by BC Parks in 1964. Much of the remaining land surrounding the inlet has been acquired and added to the park in following years. Hamilton Island, renamed MacDonald Island, is now a part of the park as well.
In 1940 Herman Caspar, who was rumored to have homesteaded at the entrance of the inlet, sold the land to Thomas F. Hamilton for $500. Casper was actually a squatter and had no legal right to the land. Hamilton, an American aviation executive, did buy all the land surrounding Princess Louisa Inlet with the intent on developing it with a series of themed luxury resorts to cater to visiting yachtsmen and Hollywood celebrities. However, only one resort was built at the entrance of the inlet, the Malibu Club which was named after Hamilton's yacht the Malibu. In 1950, the resort was closed and abandoned due to a polio outbreak and quarantine. The property was later sold to Young Life in 1953 and has successfully operated it as a non-denominational Christian summer camp for teenagers.
Naming of the inlet
The inlet may have been named for Princess Louise, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria,:54 whose husband was the Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. The vice regal couple traveled extensively in Canada. Princess Louise spent three months in Victoria, British Columbia, in 1876:287 and was popular to the point that when the Governor General announced that the awaited completion of the transcontinental railway would pass through the Selkirk Range at the Kicking Horse Pass into what has since become Vancouver, rather than by the Yellowhead Pass to Bute Inlet and then to Victoria, Premier Robert Beaven asked the Duke whether it would be possible for Vancouver Island to become a separate kingdom with Princess Louise as Queen.:289 The more accepted theory is that the inlet is named for Queen Victoria's mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, who was born Mary Louise Victoria.:54 The actual source of the name is uncertain. Adjacent Prince of Wales Reach was named after Edward VII when he was the Prince of Wales. Princess Royal Reach was named after Empress Frederick of Germany. Five mountains around Queens Reach are named after children of Queen Victoria: Mount Victoria, Mount Alfred, Mount Alice, Mount Arthur and Mount Helena.
The nearest road access to the inlet is about 50 kilometres (30 mi) away at the BC Ferries landing on Highway 101 at Earls Cove, British Columbia. The area is a popular destination for boaters and can also be accessed by float plane from various locations around the Strait of Georgia and water taxi from Earls Cove. Boaters should note that Malibu Rapids is a narrow entrance and at spring tide can have a current of 9 knots.:28
- Robert Genn (Canadian Landscape painter of Chatterbox Falls)
- Thomas F. Hamilton (the builder of Malibu)
- "Princess Louisa Inlet". BC Geographical Names. http://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/21235.html.
- Schweizer, William H. (1989). Beyond Understanding: The Complete Guide to Princess Louisa, Chatterbox Falls, Jervis Inlet. Seattle: EOS Publishing. ISBN 0-925244-00-7.
- "Princess Louisa International Society". Mac and the Princess. Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- Hitz, Charles W.(2003). Through the Rapids – The History of Princess Louisa Inlet, p. 95. Sitka 2 Publishing., Kirkland, WA. ISBN 0-9720255-0-2.
- Ormsby, Margaret A. (1958). British Columbia: A History. Vancouver: Macmillan.
- Morris, Frank; Heath, Willis R. (1979). Marine Atlas, Vol 1 Olympia to Malcolm Island. Seattle: Bayless Enterprises.