Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel

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Princess Louise Caroline
Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
HertugindeLouise.jpg
Spouse Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Issue Princess Luise Marie
Friederike, Duchess of Anhalt-Bernburg
Karl, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Prince Wilhelm
Christian IX of Denmark
Princess Luise
Prince Julius
Prince Johann
Prince Nikolaus
Full name
Louise Caroline
House House of Hesse-Kassel
House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Father Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Kassel
Mother Princess Louise of Denmark
Born (1789-09-28)28 September 1789
Gottorp, Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig
Died 13 March 1867(1867-03-13) (aged 77)
Ballenstedt, Saxony

Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel (28 September 1789, Gottorp – 13 March 1867, Ballenstedt) was the consort of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the matriarch of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which would eventually become the ruling house of the kingdoms of Denmark, Greece, Norway, and, barring unforeseen circumstances, the United Kingdom.

Early life[edit]

Louise Caroline was born at Gottorp in the Duchy of Schleswig to Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Kassel (19 December 1744 – 17 August 1836) and his wife Princess Louise of Denmark (30 January 1750 – 12 January 1831). Her elder sister Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel (28 October 1767 – 21 March 1852) became Queen consort of Frederick VI of Denmark.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Friedrich Wilhelm and Louise Caroline had ten children:

Louise Caroline's son, Prince Christian, was named third-in-line to the throne of Christian VIII of Denmark in 1847. He succeeded his childless cousin, Frederick VII of Denmark, on 15 November 1863, the Hereditary Prince Ferdinand having deceased somewhat earlier.

Her grandchildren included (among others) King Frederick VIII of Denmark, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, Empress Marie of Russia, King George I of Greece and Crown Princess Thyra of Hanover, Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 28 September 1789 – 26 January 1810: Her Serene Highness Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel
  • 26 January 1810 – 25 March 1816: Her Serene Highness The Hereditary Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
  • 25 March 1816 – 6 July 1825: Her Serene Highness The Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
  • 6 July 1825 – 17 February 1831: Her Serene Highness The Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
  • 17 February 1831 – 13 March 1867: Her Serene Highness The Dowager Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Ancestry[edit]

Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel
Cadet branch of the House of Hesse
Born: 28 September 1789 Died: 13 March 1867
German nobility
Preceded by
Friederike of Schlieben
Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
25 March 1816–6 July 1825
Succeeded by
Title changed
Preceded by
Title changed
Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
6 July 1825–17 February 1831
Succeeded by
Vilhelmine Marie of Denmark