The Princess Louise Fusiliers

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The Princess Louise Fusiliers (PLF)
Hat Badge of the Princess Lousie Fusiliers.jpg
Active 1867 - Present
Country Canada
Branch Canadian Army
Type Primary Reserve Light Infantry Regiment
Role Light Infantry Battalion
Garrison/HQ Halifax Armoury
Motto Fideliter (Faithfully)
Colors Green, Gold, Burgundy
March The British Grenadiers
Commanders
Current
commander
LCol John MacDonald
Colonel-in-Chief Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Colonel of
the Regiment
Col J.W. Miller, Honorary Colonel
"The British Grenadiers", the authorized quick march of the Princess Louise Fusiliers.

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The Princess Louise Fusiliers is a Primary Reserve Light Infantry Regiment of the Canadian Forces.

History[edit]

Part of a series on the
Military history of
Nova Scotia
Citadel hill.jpg
Events
Battle of Port Royal 1690
Conquest of Acadia 1710
Battle of Jeddore Harbour 1722
Northeast Coast Campaign 1745
Battle of Grand Pré 1747
Dartmouth Massacre 1751
Bay of Fundy Campaign 1755
Fall of Louisbourg 1758
Headquarters established for Royal Navy's North American Station 1758
Burying the Hatchet ceremony 1761
Battle of Fort Cumberland 1776
Raid on Lunenburg 1782
Halifax Impressment Riot 1805
Establishment of New Ireland 1812
Capture of USS Chesapeake 1813
Battle at the Great Redan 1855
Siege of Lucknow 1857
CSS Tallahassee Escape 1861
Departing Halifax for Northwest Rebellion 1885
Departing Halifax for the Boer War 1899
Imprisonment of Leon Trotsky 1917
Jewish Legion formed 1917
Sinking of HMHS Llandovery Castle 1918
Battle of the St. Lawrence 1942–44
Sinking of SS Point Pleasant Park 1945
Halifax VE-Day Riot 1945
Walter Callow Wheelchair Bus established 1947
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King's Orange Rangers 1776-83
1st Field Artillery 1791-present
Royal Nova Scotia 1793-1802
Nova Scotia Fencibles 1803-16
The Halifax Rifles (RCAC) 1860-present
The Princess Louise Fusiliers 1867-present
78th Highlanders 1869-71
Cape Breton Highlanders 1871-present
Nova Scotia Rifles 1914-19
No. 2 Construction Battalion 1916-19
West Nova Scotia 1916-present
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Based in Halifax, Nova Scotia, this infantry regiment traces its local roots as a Halifax unit of Militia back to June 18, 1749 when Sir Edward Cornwallis formed a local Militia under his own command during Father Le Loutre's War. Ten companies were formed at the Grand Parade in the city and were made a collective battalion.

As an officially constituted unit of Canada, The Princess Louise Fusiliers were authorized in 1867. During the unit's history, it has undergone several name changes. On November 5, 1869, the regiment was named the 66th The Halifax Battalion of Infantry. Originally consisting of six companies, it later gained two more.

Ten years later, on November 14, 1879, the regiment was once again renamed, this time to the 66th Battalion "Princess Louise" Fusiliers, named for Princess Louise, daughter of Queen Victoria and wife of the Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada at the time. It was shortly after this point in which the regiment received its first battle honour, when they helped suppress the Northwest Rebellion of 1885. Soldiers of the unit served in North West Canada with the Halifax Provisional Battalion. Fourteen years later, in 1899, the regiment provided some of its soldiers to a company raised in Nova Scotia for the 2nd (Special Service) Battalion of The Royal Canadian Regiment, which was raised for service in South Africa during the Second Boer War. May 8, 1900 brought about another name change, this time to 66th Regiment "Princess Louise" Fusiliers, and in October 1901 the regiment received new colours from the Duke of Cornwall and York (later King George V) during his visit to Canada. The new colours were subscribed for by the ladies of Halifax in honour of their battalion.[1]

During the First World War the 66th Regiment provided soldiers to the locally raised battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF). At the end of the war, as a result of the Otter Commission headed by General William Otter, the regiment perpetuated the 64th Canadian Infantry Battalion of the CEF. As a result of the unit's contributions of soldiers and this perpetuation, the regiment holds five battle honours of the First World War. In May 1915 the regiment was renamed to its current name, the Princess Louise Fusiliers.

The onset of World War II saw more action for the Fusiliers, when they were sent to Italy as part of the 5th Canadian Armoured Division. The regiment fielded two machine gun companies, the 11th Independent MG Coy. in support of the 11th Infantry Brigade, and the 12th Independent MG Coy. in support of the 12th Infantry Brigade. In British and Commonwealth armoured divisions of that period, independent MG coys. consisted of a HQ platoon, plus one platoon operating Browning .50 cal. heavy MGs and a second platoon operating 107mm heavy mortars; they were heavy direct-fire support units.

In February 1945 the 5th Armoured was transferred from Italy to Belgium, and these two companies participated in the liberation of the Netherlands from late March to the German surrender. During the conflict, the regiment received nine more battle honours, bringing their total count to 16.

Following WWII, the PLF converted back to a light infantry unit. Their most recent battle honour, received in 1999 following a lengthy struggle by unit officers to discover the necessary supporting documents, was for the unit's actions at Arnhem in 1945.

In Afghanistan, on Easter Sunday, April 8, 2007, Master Corporal Chris Stannix was killed along with five other Canadian soldiers when their vehicle was hit by an explosive device. Corporal Shaun Fevens was injured in the explosion and transported to a military hospital in Germany.

The PLF performed a ceremonial Trooping the Colours at Citadel Hill in Halifax Nova Scotia on 23 April 2009. Inspecting the parade was His Royal Highness Duke of York Prince Andrew, The Colonel in Chief of the Princess Louise Fusiliers, with a large crowd in attendance.

On May 14, 2014, a new passenger ferry was christened the "Christopher Stannix" as it was brought into service as part of the Halifax Metro Transit Ferry System. A ceremony in honour of the naming of the ferry in the memory of MCpl Stannix was well attended by the public as well as members of the Stannix family, the CO, RSM, and a number of serving and former-serving members of the regiment.

Battle Honours[edit]

The Princess Louise Fusiliers have been awarded 17 battle honours since the unit's inception in 1869. (See listing below)
(Emblazoned=Yes indicates that the battle honour has been emblazoned on the Regimental Colour)

Battle Honour Conflict Dates Emblazoned
NORTH-WEST CANADA, 1885 North West Rebellion 1885 Yes
SOUTH AFRICA, 1899-1900 South African War 1899-1900 Yes
SOMME, 1916 World War I 1 JUL–18 NOV 1916 Yes
ARRAS, 1917 World War I 9 APR–4 MAY 1917 Yes
Ypres, 1917 World War I 31 JUL–10 NOV 1917 No
AMIENS World War I 8-11 AUG 1918 Yes
Hill 70 World War I 15-25 AUG 1917 No
LIRI VALLEY World War II 18-30 MAY 1944 Yes
MELFA CROSSING World War II 24-25 MAY 1944 Yes
GOTHIC LINE World War II 25 AUG-22 SEP 1944 Yes
CORIANO World War II 3-15 SEP 1944 Yes
LAMONE CROSSING World War II 2-13 DEC 1944 Yes
MISANO RIDGE World War II 3-5 SEP 1944 Yes
ITALY, 1944-1945 World War II 1944-1945 Yes
DELFZIJL CROSSING World War II 23 APR–2 MAY 1945 Yes
NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945 World War II 1945 Yes
Arnhem 1945 World War II 12-14 APR 1945 Approved

Theatre Honours[edit]

On May 9, 2014 it was announced that the Princess Louise Fusiliers would be among the units to be awarded the “Afghanistan” Theatre Honour to recognize the dedication and sacrifice made by members of the unit who took part in Canada’s operations in Afghanistan, the longest armed conflict in Canadian history.

Theatre Honours are a type of Battle Honour given to publicly recognize a Canadian Armed Forces unit for successful participation in a theatre of armed conflict. Such honours have been awarded after every major conflict in which Canada has been engaged.

Alliances[edit]

Armoury[edit]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Halifax Armoury 2667 North Park Street, 1895-99 (completed) National Historic Sites of Canada; Classified - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings north central Halifax Regional Municipality
  • Housing the Princess Louise Fusiliers, 36 Signal Regiment, and the Halifax Rifles (RCACC) this large, urban, Romanesque Revival drill hall, was built for the active militia, of red rough faced brick
Halifax Armoury.JPG

Media[edit]

  • From Farm Boy to Soldier: Experiences of a World War II Vetern Princess Louise Fusiliers by Gordon P. Hogan (2005)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Royal tour" The Times (London). Monday, 21 October 1901. (36591), p. 3.

External links[edit]

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal
The Princess Louise Fusiliers Succeeded by
The Royal New Brunswick Regiment