Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
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|Princess Margaret Cancer Centre|
|University Health Network|
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre with banner from The Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation's Billion Dollar Challenge
|Location||Downtown, Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Care system||Public Medicare (Canada) (OHIP)|
|Affiliated university||University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine|
|Patron||Anne, Princess Royal|
|Lists||Hospitals in Canada|
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre is a teaching hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, affiliated with the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine as part of the University Health Network. The hospital now stands as the largest cancer research centre in Canada.
The hospital is situated near the intersection of University Avenue and College Street within the Discovery District of downtown Toronto, an area with high concentration of biomedical research institutions. Named for Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, the hospital is under the royal patronage of Anne, Princess Royal.
The hospital specializes in the treatment of cancer, and offers the majority of its services to residents of the Greater Toronto Area. It frequently hosts patients from other parts of Canada for access to a high calibre of treatment.. In particular, the hospital offers expertise in the fields of surgical oncology, medical oncology including bone marrow transplantation, radiation oncology, psychosocial oncology, medical imaging, and radiation therapy.
The hospital houses one of the largest radiation therapy departments in the world. It has 17 radiation treatment machines, all of which are equipped with the latest technologies including IMRT and VMAT, a superficial orthovoltage machine, and operates a Gamma Knife (Perfexion) stereotactic radiosurgery machine in collaboration with Toronto Western Hospital.
As a teaching hospital of the University of Toronto, the hospital provides world class training to various medical professions. Most notable are clinical programs for medical doctors and radiation therapists.
Its related research arm, the Ontario Cancer Institute (OCI), has made world-renowned contributions, and works in conjunction with the hospital in a mutually beneficial relationship. Many researchers at the OCI hold appointments at the University of Toronto, often within the Department of Medical Biophysics.
The hospital was founded as the Ontario Cancer Institute in 1952 by an Act of the Ontario legislature. Designed by the architect Henry Sproatt, it was originally located at 500 Sherbourne Street, beside the now demolished Wellesley Hospital, on Sherbourne Street north of Wellesley Avenue. The hospital at 500 Sherbourne was completed in 1958 and named the Princess Margaret Hospital after Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom. In 1995, the hospital relocated to 610 University Avenue (the short building once was head office for Hydro Electric Power Commission of Ontario).
During health restructuring legislated by the Harris Government in the late 1990s, then-named Princess Margaret Hospital merged with The Toronto Hospital which was the entity formed by the merger of the Toronto General Hospital and the Toronto Western Hospital. The new entity was named University Health Network and the three hospital sites retain their original names within the new entity. Like many hospitals, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre is served by a charitable foundation, the Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation, which holds numerous events and a lottery to raise philanthropic funds to support research, education, and patient care.
In October 2012, the Princess Margaret Hospital changed its name to Princess Margaret Cancer Centre.
||This section contains a gallery of images.|
The Princess Margaret as seen from the northeast. Mount Sinai Hospital is to the south.
- International Innovation. "World Leads in the Fight Against Cancer, pg. 14-15". Web page. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation. "The Name May Change But The Vision Remains The Same". Web page. PMCF. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- The Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation
- Ontario Cancer Institute
- Canadian Cancer Society
- Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
- Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto
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