Princess Margaret Cancer Centre

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Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
University Health Network (emblem).png University Health Network
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre - 2012.jpg
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre with banner from The Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation's Billion Dollar Challenge
Geography
Location Canada Downtown Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Organization
Care system Medicare
Hospital type Specialized/Teaching
Affiliated university University of Toronto
Faculty of Medicine
Patron Anne, Princess Royal
Services
Emergency department No
Beds 220
History
Founded 1952
Links
Website http://theprincessmargaret.ca

Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, previously called Princess Margaret Hospital, is a scientific research centre and a teaching hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, affiliated with the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine as part of the University Health Network. The hospital now stands as the largest cancer centre in Canada [1] and one of the 5 largest cancer centres in the world.[2] Along with the Odette Cancer Centre (2nd largest in Canada, 6th largest in the world), which is also associated with University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, it forms one of the largest cluster of cancer hospitals in the world.

The hospital is situated near the intersection of University Avenue and College Street within the Discovery District of downtown Toronto, an area with high concentration of biomedical research institutions. Named for Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, the hospital is under the royal patronage of Anne, Princess Royal.

The hospital specializes in the treatment of cancer, and offers the majority of its services to residents of the Greater Toronto Area. It frequently hosts patients from other parts of Canada for access to a high calibre of treatment.[citation needed]. In particular, the hospital offers expertise in the fields of surgical oncology, medical oncology, hematology including bone marrow transplantation, radiation oncology, psychosocial oncology, medical imaging, and radiation therapy.

The hospital houses one of the largest radiation therapy departments in the world. It has 17 radiation treatment machines, all of which are equipped with the latest technologies including IMRT and VMAT, a superficial orthovoltage machine, and operates a Gamma Knife (Perfexion) stereotactic radiosurgery machine in collaboration with Toronto Western Hospital.

Education[edit]

As a teaching hospital of the University of Toronto, the hospital provides world class training to various medical professions. Most notable are clinical programs for medical doctors and radiation therapists.

Research[edit]

Its related research arm, the Ontario Cancer Institute (OCI), has made world-renowned contributions[citation needed], and works in conjunction with the hospital in a mutually beneficial relationship. Many researchers at the OCI hold appointments at the University of Toronto, often within the Department of Medical Biophysics. The Princess Margaret’s research program ranked fourth in terms of the percentage of publications cited in high-impact oncology journals.[2]

History[edit]

The hospital was founded as the Ontario Cancer Institute in 1952 by an Act of the Ontario legislature. Designed by the architect Henry Sproatt, it was originally located at 500 Sherbourne Street, beside the now demolished Wellesley Hospital, on Sherbourne Street north of Wellesley Avenue. The hospital at 500 Sherbourne was completed in 1958 and named the Princess Margaret Hospital after the Queen of Canada's sister, Princess Margaret. In 1995, the hospital relocated to 610 University Avenue (the short building once was head office for Hydro Electric Power Commission of Ontario).

During health restructuring legislated by the Harris Government in the late 1990s, then-named Princess Margaret Hospital merged with The Toronto Hospital which was the entity formed by the merger of the Toronto General Hospital and the Toronto Western Hospital. The new entity was named University Health Network and the three hospital sites retain their original names within the new entity. Like many hospitals, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre is served by a charitable foundation, the Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation, which holds numerous events and a lottery to raise philanthropic funds to support research, education, and patient care.

In October 2012, the Princess Margaret Hospital changed its name to Princess Margaret Cancer Centre.[3]

The Run or Walk to Conquer Cancer Event[edit]

The 2nd Annual Journey to Conquer Cancer-Run or Walk was held on June 22, 2014 and offered 5 km, 3 km and 1 km options routed by The Princess Margaret. This event offered teams and individuals the opportunity to raise funds in support of any area of cancer research, clinic, lab or patient care programs at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre.

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Innovation. "World Leads in the Fight Against Cancer, pg. 14-15". Web page. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b http://thepmcf.ca/Our-Impact/Top-5-Cancer-Research-Centre#scale. 
  3. ^ Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation. "The Name May Change But The Vision Remains The Same". Web page. PMCF. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 

External links[edit]