Princess Margareta of Romania

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Margareta
Crown Princess of Romania
Custodian of the Romanian Crown
Princess Margarita of Romania.JPG
Spouse Radu Duda
House House of Romania
Father Michael I of Romania
Mother Anne of Bourbon-Parma
Born (1949-03-26) 26 March 1949 (age 66)
Lausanne, Switzerland
Religion Romanian Orthodox
Romanian Royal Family
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Romania (1881-1947)

HM The King
HM The Queen

* titled according to private family rules

Princess Margareta of Romania,[1][2] now using the style Crown Princess Margareta of Romania, Custodian of the Romanian Crown,[3][4] formerly also Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen[5][6] (born 26 March 1949, Lausanne, Switzerland), is the eldest daughter of former King Michael I of Romania and his wife Queen Anne.[7][8] Princess Margareta's father named her the heiress presumptive to Romania's abolished throne in 1997.

Margareta has four sisters and no brothers or children. Her heir is her next sister, Princess Elena of Romania. According to the defunct last democratic royal Constitution of 1923 which barred women from wearing the crown, Margareta and her sisters could not succeed to the throne of Romania (see also "Line of succession to the Romanian throne").

On 30 December 2007,[9][10] King Michael designated Princess Margareta as heiress presumptive to the throne with the titles "Crown Princess of Romania" and "Custodian of the Romanian Crown" by an act which is not recognized by the Romanian Republic and lacks legal validity without approval by Romania's Parliament.[11][12] On the same occasion, Michael also requested that, should the Romanian Parliament consider restoring the monarchy, the Salic law of succession not be reinstated, allowing female succession. According to the new statute of the Romanian Royal House as declared by Michael, no illegitimate descendants or collateral lines may claim dynastic privileges, titles or rank and any such are excluded from the Royal House of Romania and from the line of succession to the throne.[13]

Early life[edit]

Margareta was born in exile on the 26th of March 1949 in Lausanne, Switzerland[3] as the first of King Michael I and Queen Anne's five daughters.[1][2] She was baptised in the Romanian Orthodox Church; her godfather is Prince Phillip, Duke of Edinburgh.[14] She was followed by four sisters: Princess Elena (born 1950), Princess Irina (born 1953), Princess Sophie (born 1957) and Princess Maria (born 1964).

Margareta spent her childhood at family homes in Lausanne and at Ayot House, St Lawrence in Hertfordshire, England.[15] During holidays she and her sisters spent time with their grandparents; paternally with Helen, Queen Mother[1][2] at Villa Sparta in Italy and maternally, with Princess Margaret[1][2] and her husband Prince René of Bourbon-Parma in Copenhagen.[16] She and her sisters were told "fascinating tales of a homeland they couldn't visit" by their father.[17] She also spent time with relatives in Greece, Italy, Denmark, Luxembourg and Spain.[18]

Queen Helen's[1][2] interest in horses influenced Margareta, who developed an equestrian.[18][19]

In 1964, along with five other princesses, Margareta was a bridesmaid at the wedding of Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark to King Constantine II of Greece[20]

Education[edit]

Early education[edit]

In 1956 Margareta lived with Queen Helen for six months at her villa in Florence, attending kindergarten until returning to Switzerland, where she attended a primary school, with Princess Sophie, from age six to nine.[18]

Secondary education[edit]

In 1960 she was sent to a boarding school in Old Basing, Hampshire, where she stayed until she was 13; she found it difficult to be away from home but was glad that she became more mature, noting that her English improved later.[18]

Her favourite subjects were: art, riding and natural sciences (she learned how to grow plants) and also piano lessons.

In 1964 she began secondary education at a French school in Switzerland, where she studied philosophy.[16]

"I did my baccalaureate in Switzerland, got my driving licence the next day and I left very fast. I really didn't enjoy the baccalaureate, I didn't enjoy school, I didn't enjoy Switzerland" Margareta said in an interview in 2007.[14]

After her Swiss-French baccalaureate, rather than heading straight for Paris and studying at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, her preferred destination, she was persuaded to return to Florence to spend a year with her Romanian grandmother, whom she described as "my spiritual guide, my mentor, guiding star. She taught me a lot about life, opened my eyes to all that is beautiful and good in the world". Her dreams of art school were soon replaced by a determination to go to university.[14]

Further education[edit]

Queen Helen's aesthetic tastes extended Margareta's cultural horizons and excited her to meet interesting people who were part of her grandmother's circle of acquaintances, in which she met Romanian and Greek diplomats, artists, intellectuals, scientists and craftsmen, as well as subjects.[16] Helen grandmother took the opportunity to encourage the Margareta to attend a university and pursue a career at the United Nations.

As relatives and friends of her parents lived in London, Margareta was hesitant to attend a university there, not wanting to be tied down by formalities associated with being a princess, and chose instead to attend the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. Known there as "Margareta de Roumanie", for the first few weeks she felt a depressing "sense of foreignness". She studied sociology, political science and public international law. Engaging herself in activities on the campus, she became a member of the students' representative council. In 1974 she completed her studies and obtained her degrees.[21]

While at the University during her twenties, Margareta was involved in a five-year romantic relationship with Gordon Brown, who would serve as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2007 to 2010; In 2007 she was interviewed by an editor of the The Daily Telegraph: "It was a very solid and romantic story, I never stopped loving him but one day it didn't seem right any more, it was politics, politics, politics, and I needed nurturing," she said.[14][22]

Careers[edit]

After graduation, she worked in a number of British universities over nine years, specialising in medical sociology and public health policy. Later she participated in an international research program coordinated by the World Health Organisation that focused on developing health policy recommendations and preventive pilot projects.[18]

In 1983 she moved to Rome and joined the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations where, as a member of the World Food Day project team, she worked for five years on the public awareness campaign concerning agricultural programs, nutrition, and poverty alleviation. She belonged to the International Fund for Agricultural Development team until 1989[18]

Problems started to arise in Romania and in the summer of 1989 Margareta resigned from her job. Concluding that something fundamental was needed in Eastern Europe, she moved to Geneva to work with the royal family, whose members began preparing themselves for what was to come.[18]

Romania[edit]

"Getting on the plane was quite emotional. We didn't know what was going to happen to us," she recalls. "It was so strange to look out of the plane window and see the fields; they were huge...We stayed for a few days and found that villages had been knocked down and 150,000 children were living in orphanages. Ceausescu had wanted to boost the population. Family planning was forbidden, abortion was forbidden, women were compelled to have four children but they had nowhere to bring them up and had to give them to the state. A lot of children had AIDS. It was a shock to the eyes and to the soul."[citation needed]

While she was visiting one orphanage, a child in a filthy cot died in front of her. It spurred her to establish the Princess Margareta of Romania Foundation in 1990.[23] a non-profit organisation that has contributed to the development of civil society in Romania. "I just didn't want this ever to happen again," she says.[citation needed]

Operating in Romania, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, France, Belgium and the United States, the Princess Margareta of Romania Foundation develops programs that:

  • improve the living conditions of children and young people, families at risk and the elderly;
  • stimulate intergenerational solidarity and create bridges of communication between the young and the elderly;
  • contribute to the institutional development of NGOs working with children and seniors;
  • foster local creativity and talent.

The foundation has raised more than five million euros, through which it contributes to the development of Romanian civil society.[24]

Taking up permanent residence in Romania, along with her parents, Princess Margareta continues to engage in public activities there, sometimes along with officials of the Romanian Republic including, for example, in January 2015 the celebration of the 25th year since her return to Romania held at the Romanian Athenaeum,[25] followed by a dinner at the CEC Palace with Romania's Prime Minister Victor Ponta and Senate President Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu;[26] as well as hosting a March 2015 gala at the dynasty's historical family seat, Peleș Castle, in honour of the Romanian Rugby Union, attended by Klaus Johannis, the first incumbent Romanian president to pay an official visit to the former royal family.[27][28][29]

Romanian Red Cross[edit]

On the 15th of May 2015, the General Assembly of the Romanian Red Cross elected Margareta as President of the Romanian Red Cross.[30] The Red Cross was instituted as a Romanian branch of the International Red Cross in 1876, under the reign of her great-great grand uncle King Carol I of Romania, it benefited from important support from his wife Queen Elisabeth; From 1915, the Romanian Red Cross received the leadership of Margareta's great grandmother Queen Marie, who was seen as a symbol, an ambassador and an inspirational leader of the organisation; Margareta's paternal grandmother: Queen Helen, Queen Mother of Romania also provided great patronage to the organisation during the Second World War. This is a role in which Margareta will be further leading by following and fulfilling the legacy of her ancestors. In her statement, she expressed her gratitude to the Romanian Red Cross representatives, who re-established a long and valuable tradition of partnership between the oldest organization in the country and the Romanian Crown.[31][32][33]

Private life[edit]

In 1994 she met Radu Duda, a Romanian citizen and actor, through the work of the Princess Margareta Foundation. Duda was working as an art therapist in orphanages when he was introduced to the princess during her tour of the foundation's programs. On 21 September 1996 in Lausanne, Margareta married Duda. He was accorded the style "Radu, Prince of Hohenzollern-Veringen" on 1 January 1999,[34] and was subsequently styled "HRH Radu, Prince of Romania",[9] being referred to by King Michael on 30 December 2007, as future "Prince Consort of Romania".[9] In Margareta's company and, more often alone, he has represented the former royal family publicly on various occasions.[35] They live in the Elisabeta Palace in Bucharest.[36]

Margareta is also second cousin to King Felipe VI of Spain, ex-King Simeon II of Bulgaria, Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg, Archduke Karl of Austria, Carlos, Duke of Parma, Crown Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia and Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece.

Controversies[edit]

BAE Systems,[37] one of the donors to the Princess Margareta of Romania Foundation, and its representatives have been involved in a corruption scandal involving purchase by the Romanian government of two decommissioned UK Royal Navy frigates refurbished by BAE, for which an alleged £7 million bribe was paid,[38] some of which, it has also been alleged,[39] ended up in the pockets of the Hohenzollern royal family to which Margareta belongs. The "Gardianul" newspaper,[40][41] noting that both Princess Margareta and her husband, as Special Representative of the Government, had met a number of times with the BAE Systems representatives before and after the signing of the governmental contract, inquired whether the royal family was involved in any lobbying on behalf of the company. In an official communiqué sent to the newspaper,[41] Prince Radu denied any such lobbying activities, stating that as patron of the British-Romanian Chamber of Commerce of which BAE Systems is a member, he met with its representatives as well as those of other British companies.

Political support[edit]

The main pro-monarchist party PNŢCD, currently extra-parliamentary, is ambiguous in its support for Princess Margareta. In 2002, it rejected any role for her or her husband in a restored monarchy,[42][43] while in 2003 the Cluj branch of PNŢCD officially invited her to be its electoral candidate to the Senate of the Republic in upcoming elections.[44][45]

King Michael has not given up the hope for himself or his family of restoration to the throne: "We are trying to make people understand what Romanian monarchy was and what it can still do."[46]

In a July 2013 survey about a potential restoration of monarchy in Romania, 19% of respondents gave Princess Margareta as their favorite, while 29.9% supported her father. 48.1% said they did not know or did not answer.[47]

Titles, styles, honours and awards[edit]

Styles of
Crown Princess Margareta of Romania
Royal Monogram of Princess Margarita Of Romania.svg
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am
Standard of Crown Princess Margareta

Titles[edit]

  • 26 March 1949 – 30 December 2007: Her Royal Highness Princess Margareta of Romania, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen[3]
  • 30 December 2007 – Present: Her Royal Highness Crown Princess Margareta of Romania[3]

Honours[edit]

National honours
Foreign honours

Awards[edit]

National awards
Foreign awards
Honorific eponym

Ancestors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (editor). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, Burke's Peerage, London, 1973, p. 279. ISBN 0-220-66222-3
  2. ^ a b c d e de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, p. 769 (French) ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
  3. ^ a b c d http://www.familiaregala.ro/ro/familia-regala-astazi/prezentare/asr-principesa-margareta/
  4. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/cuvantul-principesei-mostenitoare-la-ateneul-roman/
  5. ^ (Romanian) King Michael I announces the severance of all historical and dynastic ties to the House of Hohenzollern, Adevarul, 11 May 2011
  6. ^ (Romanian) The history of the conflicts between the Royal House of Romania and the Princely House of Hohenzollern, Adevarul, 11 May 2011
  7. ^ "Compression," Time, 12 January 1948
  8. ^ "Milestones," Time, 21 June 1948
  9. ^ a b c Fundamental Rules of the Royal Family of Romania
  10. ^ (Romanian) "Princess Margarita, heir to the throne of Romania," Evenimentul Zilei, 30 December 2007
  11. ^ (Romanian) "The King and Margareta – On The "Day of the Republic" The King Designated His Successor", Jurnalul National, 2 January 2008
  12. ^ (Romanian) "The Actor Duda in The Role of A Lifetime: Prince Consort of Romania," Cotidianul, 3 January 2008
  13. ^ Romanian: http://www.hotnews.ro/stiri-esential-2142475-principesa-margareta-mostenitoarea-tronului-romaniei.htm
  14. ^ a b c d http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/features/3632645/Romantic.-Beautiful.-I-fell-madly-in-love.html
  15. ^ http://dianamandache.com/king-michael-of-romania-his-family/
  16. ^ a b c d e http://www.fpmr.ro/index.php?page=asr-principesa-margareta
  17. ^ http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20116762,00.html
  18. ^ a b c d e f g http://m.adevarul.ro/cultura/istorie/ani-exil--interviu-asr-principesa-mostenitoaremargareta-romaniei-1_52daa4f6c7b855ff56977847/index.html
  19. ^ http://www.princeradu.ro/news/2956/17/Vizita-in-Statul-Qatar/
  20. ^ http://greekwedding.tripod.com/official.htm
  21. ^ http://www.fpmr.ro/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=455&cntnt01returnid=89
  22. ^ http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2001/mar/06/budget2001.budget
  23. ^ Princess Margaret of Romania Trust website http://www.pmrt.co.uk/
  24. ^ (Romanian) 2006 Annual Report, The Princess Margarita of Romania Foundation website
  25. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/sarbatoarea-regala-de-la-ateneul-roman-in-imagini/
  26. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/dineul-oficial-de-la-palatul-cec-18-ianuarie-2015/
  27. ^ http://www.mediafax.ro/life-inedit/principesa-margareta-isi-sarbatoreste-ziua-de-nastere-marti-si-miercuri-la-castelul-peles-14040518
  28. ^ http://stirileprotv.ro/stiri/social/principesa-margareta-isi-sarbatoreste-ziua-la-castelul-peles-klaus-iohannis-si-prima-doamna-printre-invitati.html
  29. ^ http://www.dcnews.ro/klaus-iohannis-si-sotia-sa-la-pele-meniu-regal-la-aniversarea-principesei-margareta-foto_471319.html
  30. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/crown-princess-margareta-the-new-president-of-the-romanian-red-cross/
  31. ^ http://www.mediafax.ro/social/principesa-margareta-este-noul-presedinte-al-crucii-rosii-romane-14272921
  32. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/principesa-mostenitoare-margareta-noul-presedinte-al-crucii-rosii-romane/
  33. ^ http://www.cotidianul.ro/principesa-margareta-presedinte-al-societatii-nationale-de-cruce-rosie-261603/
  34. ^ (Romanian) "The Prime Minister proposed Radu Duda a seat as a Senator of the Democrat Social Party (ruling party in Romania)," MEDIAFAX AGENCY, 6 August 2004
  35. ^ (Romanian) "10 May – Sad Destiny, Memorable Date", Dilema Veche, 12 May 2006
  36. ^ Official biography PMRT website http://www.fpmr.ro/index.php?page=hrh-the-princess-margarita
  37. ^ "Blair hit by Saudi 'bribery' threat," The Sunday Times, 19 November 2006
  38. ^ "Bribery inquiry may force £7m refund to Romania", The Guardian, 15 June 2006
  39. ^ (Romanian) Zeamă de dude, "Mulberry Juice", Gândul, 21 June 2006
  40. ^ (Romanian) BAE – sponsor regal, "BAE: Royal Sponsor", Gardianul, 16 June 2006
  41. ^ a b (Romanian) Principele Duda, coleg la Colegiul de Apărare cu semnatarul contractului cu BAE, "Prince Duda, Classmate at The National Defence University with The Signer of The BAE Contract", Gardianul, 17 June 2006
  42. ^ (Romanian) PNŢCD gândeşte revenirea la monarhie prin Prinţul Nicolae, "PNŢCD Plans The Restoration of Monarchy through Prince Nicholas", Ziua, 1 March 2002
  43. ^ (Romanian) PNŢCD caută un Rege, "PNŢCD Is Looking for A King", Evenimentul Zilei, 1 March 2002
  44. ^ (Romanian) Principesa Margareta invitată să candideze, "Princess Margarita Invited to Run for Office" , Ziarul Financiar, 24 July 2003
  45. ^ (Romanian) "The Princess in The Senate", Evenimentul Zilei, 25 July 2003
  46. ^ "King Mihai I Turns 85", Ziua, 25 October 2006
  47. ^ 41% dintre romani ar vota pentru mentinerea republicii, 27,2% ar alege monarhia - INSCOP. Retrieved 2013-08-02.
  48. ^ http://www.familiaregala.ro/ro/familia-regala-astazi/ordine-si-medalii/ Ordine si medalii
  49. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/cu-ocazia-zilei-nationale-corpul-diplomatic-sarbatorit-la-castelul-peles/attachment/_dsc0488/
  50. ^ Ordine si medalii
  51. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/cuvantul-principesei-mostenitoare-la-ateneul-roman/attachment/_dsc1103/
  52. ^ http://www.argoart.ro/en/art_design/Medalia_Custodele_Coroanei_Romane_22/Custodele_Coroanei_Romane_ASR_Margareta_7?tab=medalii-i-decora-ii-pentru-familia-regala-a-romaniei
  53. ^ http://artindex.ro/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/ASR-PRINCIPESA-MARGARETA.jpg
  54. ^ http://www.familiaregala.ro/news/4147/53/Medalia-de-argint-a-Ministerul-Afacerilor-Externe-al-Republicii-Cehe-inmanata-Principesei-Margareta-�-i-Principelui-Radu/
  55. ^ The Royal Forums
  56. ^ https://royalromania.wordpress.com/2009/10/17/french-legion-of-honor-for-hrh-princess-margarita-of-romania/
  57. ^ Royal Family of Romania visits Roma
  58. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/vizita-la-ordinul-suveran-de-malta-29-octombrie-2012/
  59. ^ http://www.timpul.md/articol/principesa-margareta-a-romaniei-decorata-cu-medalia-dimitrie-cantemir-49530.html
  60. ^ http://m.adevarul.ro/moldova/actualitate/principesa-margareta-romaniei-primit-medalia-dimitrie-cantemir-partea-academiei-Stiinte-1_5253dc30c7b855ff56129741/index.html
  61. ^ Order of Saint Isabel
  62. ^ http://www.tkinter.smig.net/queenmarie/RecentBooks/RoyalFamily/index.htm
  63. ^ http://www.cjcluj.ro/principesa-margareta-si-principlele-radu-cetateni-de-onoare-ai-clujului/
  64. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/principesa-mostenitoare-margareta-si-principele-radu-cetateni-de-onoare-ai-judetului-cluj/
  65. ^ http://www.ziare.com/regele-mihai/casa-regala/principesa-margareta-doctor-honoris-causa-la-pitesti-1199656
  66. ^ http://www.cosr.ro/stiri/2015-03-18/colanul-olimpic-a-fost-acordat-principesei-margareta-a-romaniei
  67. ^ http://www.romaniaregala.ro/jurnal/imagini-de-la-castelul-peles-24-si-25-martie-2015/attachment/_dsc7533/
  68. ^ http://www.scoala114.ro
  69. ^ Speaker biography http://www.microsoft.com/romania/diversity/wlc/speakers.aspx

External links[edit]

Princess Margareta of Romania
Born: 26 March 1949
Romanian royalty
First
Line of succession to the former Romanian throne
according to the 2007 Statute
Succeeded by
Princess Elena