Princess Margriet of the Netherlands

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Princess Margriet
Margriet von Oranien-Nassau.jpg
Spouse Pieter van Vollenhoven
Issue Prince Maurits
Prince Bernhard
Prince Pieter-Christiaan
Prince Floris
Full name
Margriet Francisca
House House of Orange-Nassau (official)
House of Lippe (agnatic)
Father Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Mother Juliana of the Netherlands
Born (1943-01-19) 19 January 1943 (age 71)
The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (International Territory)
Religion Protestant Church in the Netherlands

Princess Margriet Francisca of the Netherlands (born 19 January 1943) is the third daughter of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands. As an aunt of the reigning monarch, King Willem-Alexander, she is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently eighth and last in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.[1]

Princess Margriet has often represented the monarch at official or semi-official events. Some of these functions have taken her back to Canada, the country where she was born de facto, and to events organised by the Dutch merchant navy of which she is a patron.

Birth and Canada[edit]

The Princess was born in Ottawa Civic Hospital,[2] Ottawa, Ontario, as the family had been living in Canada since June 1940 after the occupation of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany. The maternity ward of Ottawa Civic Hospital in which Princess Margriet was born was temporarily declared to be extraterritorial by the Canadian government.[3][4] Making the maternity ward outside of the Canadian domain caused it to be unaffiliated with any jurisdiction and technically international territory. This was done to ensure that the newborn would derive her citizenship from her mother only, thus making her solely Dutch.

It is a common misconception that the Canadian government declared the maternity ward to be Dutch territory. Since Dutch nationality law is based primarily on the principle of jus sanguinis it was not necessary to make the ward Dutch territory for the Princess to become a Dutch citizen. Since Canada followed the rule of jus soli, it was necessary for Canada to disclaim the territory temporarily so that the Princess would not, by virtue of birth on Canadian soil, become a Canadian citizen.

Namesake and christening[edit]

She was named after the marguerite, the flower worn during the war as a symbol of the resistance to Nazi Germany. (See also the book When Canada Was Home, the Story of Dutch Princess Margriet, by Albert VanderMey, Vanderheide.)

Princess Margriet was christened at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Ottawa, on 29 June 1943. Her godparents included the President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Queen of the United Kingdom, the Crown Princess of Norway, Martine Roell (who was a lady-in-waiting to Princess Juliana in Canada) and The Dutch Merchant Fleet.[5]

After the war[edit]

Margriet in 1964

It was not until August 1945, when the Netherlands had been liberated, that Princess Margriet first set foot on Dutch soil. Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard returned to Soestdijk Palace in Baarn, where the family had lived before the war.

It was while she was studying at Leiden University that Princess Margriet met her future husband, Pieter van Vollenhoven. Their engagement was announced on 10 March 1965, and they were married on 10 January 1967 in The Hague, in the St. James Church.[6] It was decreed that any children from the marriage would be styled HH Prince/Princess of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, titles that would not be held by their descendants.

The Princess and her husband took up residence in the right wing of Het Loo Palace in Apeldoorn. In 1975 the family moved to their present home, Het Loo, which they had built on the Palace grounds.

Children[edit]

Princess Margriet arrives in Ottawa to attend the Canadian Tulip Festival in May 2002.

Princess Margriet and Pieter van Vollenhoven have four sons and eleven grandchildren:

  • Prince Maurits (born 17 April 1968) m. Marilène van den Broek (born 4 February 1970) on 29 May 1998. They have three children:
    • Anastasia (Anna) Margriet Joséphine van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven (born 15 April 2001)
    • Lucas Maurits Pieter Henri van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven (born 26 October 2002)
    • Felicia Juliana Benedicte Barbara van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven (born 31 May 2005)
  • Prince Bernhard (born 25 December 1969) m. Annette Sekrève (born 18 April 1972) on 6 July 2000. They have three children:
    • Isabella Lily Juliana van Vollenhoven (born 14 May 2002)
    • Samuel Bernhard Louis van Vollenhoven (born 25 May 2004)
    • Benjamin Pieter Floris van Vollenhoven (born 12 March 2008)
  • Prince Pieter-Christiaan (born 22 March 1972) m. Anita van Eijk (born 27 October 1969) on 25 August 2005. They have two children:
    • Emma Francisca Catharina van Vollenhoven (born 28 November 2006)
    • Pieter Anton Maurits Erik van Vollenhoven (born 19 November 2008)
  • Prince Floris (born 10 April 1975) m. Aimée Söhngen (born 19 October 1977) on 20 October 2005. They have three children:
    • Magali Margriet Eleonoor van Vollenhoven (born 9 October 2007)
    • Eliane Sophia Carolina van Vollenhoven (born 5 July 2009)
    • Willem Jan Johannes Pieter Floris van Vollenhoven (born 1 July 2013)

Royal role and patronages[edit]

Princess Margriet is an active member of the Royal Family, representing the Monarch at a range of events. [7]

She is particularly interested in health care and cultural causes. From 1987 to 2011 she was vice-president of the Netherlands Red Cross, who set up the Princess Margriet Fund in her honour. She is a member of the board of the International Federation of National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

From 1984 to 2007 Princess Margriet was President of the European Cultural Foundation, who set up the Princess Margriet Award for Cultural Diversity in acknowledgement of her work.

She is a member of the Honorary Board of the International Paralympic Committee. [8]

Titles and styles[edit]

Honours[edit]

See also List of honours of the Dutch Royal Family by country

National honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

Here are her honours (according to this site, mark °) :

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Current line of succession – Official website of the Dutch Royal House
  2. ^ Princess Margriet. koninklijkhuis.nl
  3. ^ "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. 26 December 1942. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  4. ^ Second World War – 1943: Netherlands' Princess Margriet born in Ottawa. cbc.ca
  5. ^ The Gift of Tulips. canadascapital.gc.ca
  6. ^ Orange Wedding 1967 (video). britishpathe.com
  7. ^ "Dutch Royal Family website". Princess Margriet. 
  8. ^ "Honorary Board". IPC. 
  9. ^ Royal decree of 8 Januari 1937: Besluit betreffende den naam, te dragen door de kinderen van Hare Koninklijke Hoogheid Prinses JULIANA. angelfire.com
  10. ^ News-Blog "Noblesse et Royautés" (French), Opening of Dutch Parliament 2012, photo
  11. ^ S.A.R. Margriet Francisca Principessa dei Paesi Bassi. Quirinale.it. 23 October 1973
  12. ^ PPE Agency, Group photo
  13. ^ PPE, Margriet
  14. ^ The royal forums, State visit of Luxembourg to Netherlands, 2006, Photo
  15. ^ Viva Maxima Blog, State visit of Juan Carlos in Netherlands 2001, Group photo

External links[edit]

Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
Cadet branch of the House of Lippe
Born: 19 January 1943
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Countess Leonore
of Orange Nassau
Line of succession to the Dutch throne
8th position
Last in line
Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Anne, daughter of George II
Succeeded by
Lucas van Vollenhoven
van Lippe-Biesterfeld