Princess Maria Christina of Saxony (1735–1782)
|Princess Maria Christina|
|Abbess of Remiremont|
Maria Christina by Maurice Quentin de La Tour
|House||House of Wettin (by birth)|
|Father||Augustus III of Poland|
|Mother||Maria Josepha of Austria|
15 February 1735|
Wilanów Palace, Warsaw, Poland
|Died||19 November 1782
Château de Brumath, Brumath, France
|Burial||15 December 1782
Église des Dames, Remiremont, France
Her father, Augustus III of Poland, was the Elector of Saxony (as Frederick Augustus I), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (as Augustus II). Her mother Maria Josepha, born an Archduchess of Austria, was a first cousin of Empress Maria Theresa.
She was the tenth child of fourteen. Her sisters included Maria Amalia, Queen of Spain (wife of Charles III of Spain), Maria Josepha, Dauphine of France (mother of Louis XVI), Maria Anna, Electress of Bavaria and Maria Kunigunde, Abbess of Thorn and Essen.
Maria Christina was born at the Wilanów Palace in Poland. She came from a close family and her parents made sure they put emphasis on a good education. The young princess was educated in Latin, French, Polish, philosophy, geography, religion, drawing, music and dance.
Her older sister Maria Josepha married Louis, Dauphin of France in 1747. In 1764, Maria Christina was sent to France to become a Coadjutorice at the Abbey of Remiremont in Remiremont, northern France. Her position was thanks to the personal intervention of Louis XV himself.
In France, she was known as Marie Christine de Saxe.
In 1773, at the death of Anne Charlotte, Maria Christina was named Abbess, a position she would keep until her death.
Remiremont had seats and votes in the Reichstag including all rights and obligations of an Imperial Princess (such as low justice, tax, legislation, coinage and military service), and enjoyed immunity against temporal power.
She was a frequent visitor to Paris and was fond of the Theatre and the city's social life. She spent a great deal of money, the payment of which was made by Stanisław Leszczyński (Duke of Lorraine until his death in 1766) and after that the king Louis XV. Her correspondence with her brother Francis Xavier, Regent of Saxony was preserved at Trojes.
She was created a Dame of the Order of the Starry Cross.
Maria Christina bought the Château de Brumath in the town of Brumath in the Alsace region of France. Purchased in 1775, she chose the building for its location in the country and for its natural setting. She lived a lavish lifestyle at the château which far outdid her revenues. Dying at the château on 19 November 1782, her nephew King Louis XVI was obliged to pay her debts in the amount of 136,876 livres for his dead aunt.
She was buried at the abbey in its église des Dames on the 15 December 1782. She was praised for her intelligence, her conversation and for being a cultivated woman for her age. The château de Brumath was abandoned and was pillaged in the French Revolution.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 12 February 1735 – 19 November 1782 Her Serene Highness Princess Maria Christina of Saxony
References and notes
- van de Pas, Leo. "Maria Christina of Saxony". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-05.
- Christensen, Martin K.I. "Women in Power 1770-1800". www.guide2womenleaders.com. Retrieved 2010-03-02.
- Marie Antoinette would come to France in 1770 to wed the Duke of Berry, future Louis XVI
- "Historique de Brumath". www.brumath.fr. Retrieved 2010-03-05.
- "Brève histoire de Brumath". www.prixeuropeendelitterature.eu. Retrieved 2010-03-05.