Princess Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel

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Princess Marie Frederica
Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen
Marie Fredericka of Hesse-Kassel.jpg
Spouse Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Issue
Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Augusta Louise, Princess Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg
Full name
German: Marie Friederike Wilhelmine
House House of Hesse-Kassel (by birth)
House of Saxe-Meiningen (by marriage)
Father William II, Elector of Hesse
Mother Princess Augusta of Prussia
Born (1804-09-06)6 September 1804
Kassel
Died 1 January 1888(1888-01-01) (aged 83)
Meiningen, Thüringen, Germany

Princess Marie Frederica Wilhelmina of Hesse-Kassel (6 September 1804 – 1 January 1888) was a daughter of William II, Elector of Hesse and Princess Augusta of Prussia.[1] By her marriage to Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, she became Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen.

Family[edit]

Marie Frederica was one of six children born to William II, Elector of Hesse by his first wife Augusta of Prussia. Her only sibling to live past the age of five was Frederick William, Elector of Hesse however. In addition, she had eight half-siblings by her father's second marriage to Emilie Ortlöpp, Countess of Reichenbach-Lessonitz.

Marie Frederica's paternal grandparents were William I, Elector of Hesse and Wilhelmina Caroline of Denmark and Norway. Her maternal grandparents were Frederick William II of Prussia and Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Marriage and children[edit]

In her youth, Marie was considered as a possible bride for Oscar I of Sweden, but he married Josephine of Leuchtenberg instead.

On 23 March 1825, Marie married Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.[1] He was a son of Georg I Frederick Karl, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, as well as a brother of Queen Adelaide of the United Kingdom. He and Marie had two surviving issue:

Name Birth Death Notes
Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen 2 April 1826 25 June 1914 married (1) Princess Charlotte Frederica of Prussia; had issue (2) Princess Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg; had issue (3) Ellen Franz; no issue
Princess Augusta Luise Adelaide Karoline Ida 6 August 1843 11 November 1919 married Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg

Her son Georg would remain an only child for seventeen years until the birth of his sister Augusta in 1843.[2] Marie Frederica died on 1 January 1888, six years after her husband.

Ancestry[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William I, Elector of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Mary of Great Britain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William II, Elector of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick V of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Wilhelmina Caroline of Denmark and Norway
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Louise of Great Britain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Augustus William of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick William II of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duchess Louise Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Augusta of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Landgravine Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Marie Friederike Wilhelmine Prinzessin von Hessen-Kassel". Retrieved 17 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Koller, p. 30.

Sources[edit]

  • Koller, Ann Marie (1984). The Theater Duke: George II of Saxe-Meiningen and the German Stage. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-1196-8. 
Princess Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel
Born: 6 September 1804 Died: 1 January 1888
German royalty
Preceded by
Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen
1825-1866
Succeeded by
Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg