Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark

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Princess Marina
Duchess of Kent
The Duke and Duchess of Kent.jpg
The Duke and Duchess in 1934
Spouse Prince George, Duke of Kent
Issue Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Princess Alexandra, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy
Prince Michael of Kent
Full name
Marina[1]
House House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (by birth)
House of Windsor (by marriage)
Father Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark
Mother Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia
Born (1906-12-13)13 December 1906
Athens, Greece
Died 27 August 1968(1968-08-27) (aged 61)
Kensington Palace, London, England, UK
Burial 30 August 1968
Frogmore
Religion Greek Orthodox Church
House of Oldenburg
(Glücksburg branch)
Royal Coat of Arms of Greece (1863-1936).svg
George I
Children
Constantine I
Prince George
Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia
Prince Nicholas
Grand Duchess Maria Georgievna of Russia
Princess Olga
Prince Andrew
Prince Christopher
Grandchildren
Prince Peter
Eugénie, Duchess of Castel Duino
Olga, Princess Paul of Yugoslavia
Elizabeth, Countess of Toerring-Jettenbach
Marina, Duchess of Kent
Margarita, Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Theodora, Margravine of Baden
Cecilie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
Sophie, Princess George of Hanover
Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Michael
Great-grandchildren
Princess Alexandra of Greece
Princess Olga

Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent GCVO GBE CI (née Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, Greek: Πριγκίπισσα Μαρίνα της Ελλάδος και της Δανίας; 13 December [O.S. 30 November] 1906[2] – 27 August 1968) was the wife of Prince George, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck.[3]

Princess Marina's marriage was the most recent occasion on which a foreign-born princess married into the British royal family.

Early life[edit]

Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, right, with her sisters Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark, left, and Princess Elizabeth of Greece and Denmark, center.

Princess Marina was born in Athens, Greece, on 13 December 1906.[4] Her father was Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark, the third son of George I of Greece.[5] Her mother was Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia, a granddaughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia.[6] She was the youngest of the couple's children.[7] One of her paternal uncles was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, the father of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

She was baptised near the end of 1906, and her godparents were: the King of Greece (her paternal grandfather); the King of the United Kingdom (her great-uncle); the Princess of Wales; Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (her paternal uncle); Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich of Russia (her maternal uncle); and Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (her maternal aunt).[8]

The family was generally poor and forced into exile when she was 11, following the overthrow of the Greek monarchy.[6] They later moved to Paris, while the Princess stayed throughout Europe with her extended family.

Marriage and children[edit]

Princess Marina on her wedding day

In 1932 Princess Marina and Prince George, Duke of Kent met in London.[6] Their betrothal was announced in August 1934.[5] On 29 November 1934 they married at Westminster Abbey, London.[9] The wedding was followed by a Greek ceremony in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace.[9]

The bride's gown was in white and silver silk brocade, designed by Edward Molyneux, and worked on by a team of seamstresses including, at Marina's request, Russian emigrees.[10]

Her eight bridesmaids were her first cousins Princesses Irene, Eugenie and Katherine of Greece and Denmark, her maternal first cousin Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia, Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands, her husband's niece Princess Elizabeth of York, her husband's cousins the Lady Iris Mountbatten and the Lady Mary Cambridge.[6][11]

The Royal School of Needlework made a quilt as a wedding gift for Princess Marina and the Duke of Kent.[12] Following the marriage she became the Duchess of Kent.

Together the couple had three children:

The Duke of Kent was killed on 25 August 1942, in an aeroplane crash at Eagles Rock, near Dunbeath, Caithness, Scotland, while on active service with the Royal Air Force. The Duchess, according to royal biographer Hugo Vickers, was "the only war widow in Britain whose estate was forced to pay death duties".[13]

During World War II, the Duchess was trained as a nurse for three months under pseudonym "Sister Kay" and joined the civil nurse reserve.[7]

Later life and death[edit]

After her husband's death, the Duchess of Kent continued to be an active member of the British Royal Family, carrying out a wide range of royal and official engagements.[4] She was the president of the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club for 26 years.[7] She was already the first cousin of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and then also became his aunt-in-law, due to his 1947 marriage to Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II.

In March 1957 when the Gold Coast (later Ghana)—gained independence from Britain, the Duchess of Kent was appointed to represent the Queen at the celebrations. Fifty years later, at the 50th Anniversary of Ghana's Independence, it would be her son, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, who would be appointed by the Queen to represent her.

In September 1966, when the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland became the new Republic of Botswana, the Princess was appointed again to represent the Queen at the celebrations. The main public hospital in Gaborone, the new Botswana's capital, is named "Princess Marina Hospital".

She served as the first Chancellor of the University of Kent at Canterbury from 1963 until her death from a brain tumour at Kensington Palace at 11.40 am on 27 August 1968, aged 61.[4] Funeral service for the Princess was held in the St. George's Chapel on 30 August.[14] She was buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore.[15] Her funeral was the final royal ceremony attended by her brother-in-law, the former Edward VIII.[16]

Legacy[edit]

Princess Marina gave her name to many facilities, including:

The diamond and pearl Kent Festoon Tiara was worn by Princess Marina to the 1953 coronation.[20] It then passed to Princess Michael of Kent who has worn it to state banquets.[21][22]

Popular culture[edit]

The Kinks recorded "She's Bought a Hat Like Princess Marina" for their 1969 album Arthur (or the Decline and Fall of the British Empire).[23] The song was written by Ray Davies.[23] Duchess Marina earned her place in the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1960 together with Princess Grace of Monaco, Patricia Lopez-Willshaw and Merle Oberon.[24]

Titles, styles, honours, and arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, Duchess of Kent

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 13 December 1906 – 29 November 1934: Her Royal Highness Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
  • 29 November 1934 – 8 June 1961: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Kent
  • 8 June 1961 – 27 August 1968: Her Royal Highness Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent

At the time of her death, Princess Marina's full style was: Her Royal Highness Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, Countess of St. Andrews and Baroness Downpatrick, Companion of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India, Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.

Just before the current Duke of Kent's wedding in June 1961 to Katharine Worsley, she announced that she wished to be known as HRH Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent instead of HRH The Dowager Duchess of Kent, a change in traditional style that was granted by her niece, Queen Elizabeth II. Upon her marriage in 1934, Princess Marina had become HRH The Duchess of Kent, Countess of St. Andrews, and Baroness Downpatrick. However, she remained a Princess of Greece and Denmark. Following her elder son's wedding, she simply reverted to her own princely title.

Honours[edit]

British Honours

Foreign Honours

Honorary military appointments[edit]

The Duchess inspecting cadets of the WRNS officers' training course, 1941

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ As a titled royal, Marina held no surname after her marriage, but, when one was used, it was Windsor.
  2. ^ Genealogy of the Royal Family of Great Britain at the Wayback Machine (archived October 28, 2009)
  3. ^ "Princess Marina". Oxford dnb. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Marina won Britain's heart". Evening Times. 27 August 1968. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Prince Georgei son of King, to be married". The Montreal Gazette (London). CP and AP. 28 August 1934. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Princess Marina called luckiest girl in the world by relatives". The Milwaukee Journal (Athens). AP. 23 November 1934. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Marina, a tragic but well-loved Princess". The Sydney Morning Herald (London). 28 August 1968. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page — Royal Christenings
  9. ^ a b "King and Queen see rehearsals". The Sydney Morning Herald. 29 November 1934. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Princess Marina's Gown". Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor. 
  11. ^ "The wedding of Prince George, Duke of Kent and Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent". National Portrait Gallery, London. 
  12. ^ "Princess Marina's quilt". British Pathé. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  13. ^ Hugo Vickers, Elizabeth, The Queen Mother, Hutchinson, 2005, p. 230
  14. ^ "Five Queens at funeral of Duchess". The Windsor Star (Windsor). Reuters. 31 August 1968. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "1968: Princess Marina laid to rest". BBC News. 30 August 1976. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  16. ^ Ziegler, Philip (1991). King Edward VIII: The official biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-57730-2, pp. 554-556.
  17. ^ "Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund". About Princess Marina House. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  18. ^ "Overview - NHS Choices". Princess Marina Hospital. 10 August 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "Princess Marina Sports Complex". We Love Rickmansworth. Retrieved 9 April 2012. 
  20. ^ "The Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor: Flashback Friday: Coronation Guests and Their Jewels". Order of Splendor. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "The place for daily celebrity news". Hello Magazine. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  22. ^ "The Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor: Gold Star: Queens with Diplomatic Flair". Order of Splendor. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "She Bought A Hat Like Princess Marina". The Kinks. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  24. ^ Ultimate Style - The Best of the Best Dressed List. 2004. ISBN 2 84323 513 8. 
  25. ^ "Viewing Page 3729 of Issue 34406". London Gazette. 8 June 1937. Retrieved 9 April 2012. 
  26. ^ Wedding of Juan Carlos of Spain and Sophia of Greece
  27. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 214. Retrieved 18 October 2012. 

See also[edit]

Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 13 December 1906 Died: 27 August 1968
Academic offices
Preceded by
New university
Chancellor of the University of Kent
1963–1968
Succeeded by
Jo Grimond