Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk
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|Countess of Southesk|
|Spouse||Charles Carnegie, 11th Earl of Southesk|
|James Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife|
|Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha Carnegie|
|Father||Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife|
|Mother||Louise, Princess Royal|
3 April 1893|
East Sheen Lodge, Richmond-upon-Thames
|Died||14 December 1945
Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk (Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha Carnegie; née Duff; 3 April 1893 – 14 December 1945) was a member of the British Royal Family, a female line granddaughter of King Edward VII. Maud and her elder sister, Alexandra, had the distinction of being the only female-line descendants of a British sovereign granted the title of Princess of Great Britain and Ireland.
Although Princess Maud did not normally carry out royal engagements, she served as a Counsellor of State between 1942 and 1945.
Maud was born at East Sheen Lodge, Richmond-upon-Thames, Surrey on 3 April 1893. Her father was Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife (1840–1912), the son of James Duff, 5th Earl Fife and his wife, Lady Agnes Hay. He was created Duke of Fife following marriage to Maud's mother, then Princess Louise of Wales, the eldest daughter of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and Alexandra of Denmark.
As a female line great-granddaughter of a British monarch (Queen Victoria), Maud was not entitled to the title of a Princess of Great Britain nor to the style Royal Highness. Instead she was styled Lady Maud Duff, as the daughter of a duke. She was sixth in the Line of succession to the British Throne at the time of her birth.
Maud and her sister were unique among British princesses in that they were descended from both William IV (through his mistress, Dorothy Jordan), and William IV's niece, Queen Victoria, who succeeded him because he had no legitimate issue.
In 1900, Queen Victoria granted Maud's father a second dukedom of Fife in the peerage of the United Kingdom with a special remainder providing for the succession of the duke's daughters and their male descendants to the title, in default of a male heir. Maud became second in line to the dukedom after her sister, Lady Alexandra Duff.
On 5 November 1905, King Edward VII gave Maud's mother the title of Princess Royal. He further ordered Garter King of Arms to gazette Maud and her sister Alexandra with the style and attribute of Highness and precedence immediately after all members of the British Royal Family bearing the style of Royal Highness. From that point, Her Highness Princess Maud of Fife derived her title and rank not from her father (a duke), but rather from the will of the sovereign (her grandfather).
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On 13 November 1923, Maud married Lord Carnegie (23 September 1893 – 16 February 1992) at the Royal Military Chapel, Wellington Barracks, London. Lord Carnegie was the eldest son of Charles Noel Carnegie, 10th Earl of Southesk and inherited the title of Earl of Southesk on his father's death on 10 November 1941.
Following her marriage, Maud ceased to use the title of Princess and the style Highness and was known as Lady Carnegie, and later The Countess of Southesk. In some official documents, she was still styled Princess Maud.
Maud and her husband operated a model farm at Elsick, in Kincardineshire, Scotland.
Maud and her husband had one child:
- James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife, 12th Earl of Southesk (b. 23 September 1929).
Maud was considered a member of the British Royal Family, although she did not undertake official and public duties. She attended the coronations of her uncle, George V, in June 1911 and her first cousin, King George VI in May 1937. During George VI's absence in Africa in 1943, Maud served as a Counsellor of State. At the time of her death in 1945, she was thirteenth in line to the British throne and next in line to the dukedom of Fife, since her sister Alexandra's only son, Alastair Windsor, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn had died in 1943. Maud's only son, Lord Carnegie, succeeded his aunt as 3rd Duke of Fife in 1959. He succeeded to his father's titles in 1992.
Maud died in a London nursing home in December 1945 after a bout of acute bronchitis.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 3 April 1893 – 5 November 1905: The Lady Maud Duff
- 5 November 1905 – 12 November 1923: Her Highness Princess Maud of Fife
- 12 November 1923 – 10 November 1941: Her Highness Princess Maud, Lady Carnegie
- 10 November 1941 – 14 December 1945: Her Highness Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk
Legally, Maud remained a Princess of Great Britain and Ireland with the style of Highness until her death.
References and notes
- Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (editor). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, Burke's Peerage, London, 1973, p. 306. ISBN 0-220-66222-3