Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia
Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia (German: Philippine Charlotte von Preußen) (13 March 1716, Berlin – 17 February 1801, Brunswick) was a daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.
She was the fourth child and third daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and his wife Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. She was a sister of Frederick II of Prussia, Queen Louisa Ulrika of Sweden, and Friederike Luise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
Through her mother, she was a granddaughter of George I of Great Britain. This thus made her a niece of George II of Great Britain and a cousin of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Anne, Princess of Orange, and Queen Louise of Denmark and Norway.
On 2 July 1733 in Berlin, Princess Philippine Charlotte married Duke Charles of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, eldest son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Charles inherited the dukedom on his father's death in 1735.
Charles and Philippine had thirteen children
The simultaneous marriage of herself and of her brother Frederick to the sister of her spouse led to a permanent alliance of the most important North German Protestant houses Prussia and Brunswick. The family ties of the two dynasties meant the alliance of Charles I with his brother in the Seven Years War and the career of Philippines sons in the Prussian service.
Philippine Charlotte was described as subtle and highly educated. She worked independently of an extract of the philosophical writings of Christian von Wolff in French. The Duchess pursued, partly because of the influence of the ducal adviser Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, the German intellectual life very closely. She appreciated the poet Salomon Gessner and maintained a personal relationship Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. Philippine Charlotte left to the Wolfenbüttel Library her own collection of 4,000 volumes.
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|Ancestors of Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia|
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Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
|Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Title next held byPrincess Augusta of Great Britain
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