Principality of Reuss-Greiz

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Principality of Reuss-Greiz
Fürstentum Reuß-Greiz

1778–1918
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Ich Bau Auf Gott
"I build on God"
Anthem
Gott, erhalt' in Deiner Gnaden Unsern Fursten
"God, Save in Your Mercy Our Prince"
Reuss Elder Line within Thuringia
Capital Greiz
Government Principality
Prince
 -  1778–1800 Heinrich XI
 -  1800–1817 Heinrich XIII
 -  1817–1836 Heinrich XIX
 -  1836–1859 Heinrich XX
 -  1859–1902 Heinrich XXII
 -  1902–1918 Heinrich XXIV
Minister of State
 -  1782–1833 Franz von Grün
 -  1901–1918 Ernst von Meding
History
 -  Established 12 May 1778
 -  Disestablished 11 November 1918
Area
 -  1905 316.7 km² (122 sq mi)
Population
 -  1905 est. 70,590 
     Density 222.9 /km²  (577.3 /sq mi)
Reuss Elder Line in the 19th century

The Principality of Reuss-Greiz (German: Fürstentum Reuß-Greiz), was a state in Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. The Counts Reuss of Greiz, Lower- and Upper Greiz (German: Reuß zu Greiz, Untergreiz und Obergreiz), were elevated to princely status in 1778. Its members bore the title Prince Reuss, Elder Line, or Prince Reuss of Greiz. Similarly to the more numerous Reuss Younger Line, the male members of this house were all named "Heinrich", in honour of Heinrich VI who had benefited the family, and were numbered sequentially by birth, rather than by reign, the last series beginning with Heinrich I (born 1693) and ending with Heinrich XXIV (1878–1927).

The Principality of Reuss Elder Line had an area of 317 km² and a population of 71,000 (1905). Its capital was Greiz.

In 1919, in the aftermath of World War I, the territory of the Elder Line was merged with that of the Junior Line as the Republic of Reuss, which later that year was incorporated into the new state of Thuringia. The Reuss Elder Line died out with the death of the childless Heinrich XXIV in 1927, after which its claims were passed to the younger line.

Princes of Reuss-Greiz (1778–1918)[edit]

Princes post-monarchy[edit]

To Reuss Younger Line on the death of Prince Heinrich XXIV

Notable figures[edit]