Prinsep may mean any of several notable members of the British Prinsep family.
The family descended from John Prinsep, an 18th-century merchant who was the son of Rev. John Prinsep, rector of Saundby, Nottinghamshire, and Bicester, Oxfordshire. John Prinsep, his son, founded indigo production in India as well as the making of cotton fabrics in Bengal, opened a copper mint in India and was a founder of the Westminster Life Insurance Society in London, where he later served as Alderman and in Parliament. Prinsep arrived in India as a soldier in the army of the East India Company but became a merchant soon afterwards. During his 16 years in India, John Prinsep amassed a £40,000 fortune, which he used to set himself up as a London businessman and get himself elected to Parliament. Prinsep made two large fortunes and lost both. He was the first of three succeeding generations of Prinseps in India, all of whom were known for their artistic abilities. Among his descendants are the artist Valentine Cameron Prinsep, the Anglo-Indian antiquarian, scholar and architect James Prinsep and others.
A partial listing of Prinsep family members:
- Augustus Prinsep (1803–30), eighth and youngest son of John Prinsep, sketcher, writer, civil servant, born in London, attended Haileybury College, then clerk with East India Company, Calcutta, attempted to settle in Australia but unsuccessful, died aboard ship 
- Charles Robert Prinsep (1789–1864), Lincoln's Inn barrister and economist, graduate of St John's College, Cambridge, Judge Advocate General of Bengal, resided at Belvedere Estate, Calcutta, son of patriarch John Prinsep 
- Charles Robert Prinsep, Singapore merchant for whom Singapore's Prinsep Street and Prinsep Place are named, owner of the Prinsep nutmeg plantation, 6,700 nutmeg shrubs covering much of what is now downtown Singapore 
- Edward Augustus Prinsep, (b. 1828), Calcutta merchant, son of William Prinsep of Calcutta
- Lieut. Frederick Bruce Prinsep (d. 1879), soldier, 21st Hussars, 3rd European Light Cavalry, decorated for his role in the Indian Mutiny campaign of 1858 
- George Augustus Prinsep Esq., (d. 1839) prominent Anglo-Indian journalist, cotton merchant, salt manufacturer, shipping owner, Calcutta, member, Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, assumed editorship of The Courier newspaper of Calcutta after failure of early business venture, publisher Calcutta Gazette, regained fortune through salt interests, son of merchant John Prinsep 
- George Levett-Prinsep, Norfolk Crescent, London
- Henry Charles Prinsep (1844–1922), manager of family estates in Western Australia, civil servant, Chief Protector of Aborigines, artist, son of Charles Robert Prinsep, and brother of 'May' Prinsep (who married Hallam Tennyson, elder son of Alfred, Lord Tennyson), born in Calcutta, died in Busselton, Western Australia, home of his wife Josephine Bussell's family 
- Henry Thoby Prinsep  (1793–1878), merchant and civil servant, Bengal Civil Service, named director of East India Company 1849, served on the Council of India 1858–74, son of patriarch John Prinsep, lived at Little Holland House, Kensington, London, one of London's sought-after salons of the age, and The Briary, Isle of Wight, amateur oil painter, married in 1835 to Sarah Monckton Pattle (Calcutta, 1816-Brighton, 1887), and brother-in-law of photographer Julia Margaret Cameron
- Lt. Col. Henry Auriol Prinsep (1836–1914), soldier, Bengal Staff Corps, his daughter Mary married Hon. William Fitzwilliam James Dundas 
- James Prinsep (1799–1840), numismatist, linguist, artist, scholar, Secretary of the Asiatic Society, son of John Prinsep, brother of Henry Thoby Prinsep and William Prinsep (executor of his estate), died at sea returning to England, 1840 
- John Prinsep, vicar's son, patriarch of the Prinsep family in India, indigo planter, entrepreneur, arrived in India a few weeks after Warren Hastings became Governor General in 1773, amassed a large fortune in indigo production, retired to frescoed mansion on London's Leadenhall Street later occupied by the India Office, London alderman, Member of Parliament
- James Hunter Prinsep, Bengal Civil Service
- James F. M. Prinsep (1861–95), footballer, was the grandson of Henry's brother, William.
- Thomas Prinsep (1800–30), engineer, amateur artist, Calcutta, India
- Thomas Prinsep of Croxall Hall, Derbyshire, High Sheriff of Derbyshire 1802, former India merchant, artist, cattle breeder, son of patriarch John 
- Thomas Levett-Prinsep, heir to his uncle Thomas Prinsep and son of Theophilus Levett of Wychnor Park  Derbyshire. On the early death of Prinsep, his seat at Croxall Hall, Derbyshire, devolved onto his nephew Levett, who took the name Levett-Prinsep, resided at Croxall Hall, Derbyshire, Justice of the Peace and landowner 
- Valentine Cameron Prinsep  (1838–1904), painter, son of Henry Thoby Prinsep, trained to become an Indian merchant but turned to art instead, author of Imperial India, a book of travel writing
- William H. Prinsep (1794–1874), merchant, Palmer & Co., Carr, Tagore & Co., founder, Union Bank (failed), founder, Bengal Tea Association, founder, Bengal Coal Company, owner, Bengal Salt Company (inherited from his brother George), Sheriff, Fort William, Calcutta, amateur artist (studied under George Chinnery), retired to Hyde Park Place, London, secretary, Great Western Railway, South Devon Railway, one of seven sons of patriarch John Prinsep. Appointed secretary of the Oswestry & Newtown Railway in September 1855 but appointment rescinded in October 1855 because shareholders thought that he would be biased in favour of the Great Western Railway.
- The tree Prinsepia that grows in India, China and Bangladesh, is named for James Prinsep, secretary of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta.
- Augustus Prinsep, Dictionary of Australian Artists Online
- "Prinsep, Charles Robert (PRNP806CR)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- A Treatise on Political Economy, Jean-Baptiste Say, translated by Charles Robert Prinsep, M.A., J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia, 1857
- An Anecdotal History of Old Times in Singapore, Charles Burton Buckley, Fraser & Neave, 1902
- Rugby School Register, Vol. II, Arthur Tompson Mitchell, printed by A. J. Lawrence, Rugby, 1902
- The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, Vol. XXIX, printed by William H. Allen & Co., London, 1839
- Royal Blue Book, May 1897, Kelly & Co. Ltd., London, 1897
- Australian Dictionary of Biography, adb.online.anu.edu.au
- Henry Thoby Prinsep, portrait by Julia Margaret Cameron, albumen print, 1866, National Portrait Gallery, London, npg.org.uk,
- Clouds: The Biography of a Country House, Caroline Dakers, Philip Webb, Yale University Press, 1993
- List of Carthusians, Charterhouse School, Godalming, Surrey, Farncombe & Co., Lewes, 1879
- Mary Maud Dundas, Bassano, National Portrait Gallery, London, npg.org.uk
- The Search for the Buddha: The Men Who Discovered India's Lost Religion, Charles Allen, Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2003
- The Old Halls, Manors and Families of Derbyshire, Vol. III, Joseph Tilley, Simkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., London, 1902
- Theophilus Levett of Wychnor Hall, High Sheriff of Staffordshire and recorder of Lichfield married in 1794 Frances Prinsep, daughter of Thomas Prinsep of Croxall Hall,
- Mansions and Country Seats of Staffordshire, Alfred Williams, Walter Henry Mallett, F. Brown, 1889
- The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal, by Melville Henry Massue Ruvigny et Raineval
- Croxall, Derbyshire, Kelly's Directory of the Counties of Derby, London, 1891, The Andrews Pages, andrewspages.dial.pipex.com
- Valentine Cameron Prinsep, ca. 1870, Julia Margaret Cameron, albumen silver photograph, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia, ngv.vic.gov
- New Arabian Studies, J. R. Smart, G. Rex Smith, B. R. Pridham, Published by Presses Université Laval, 2000, ISBN 0-85989-645-5, ISBN 978-0-85989-645-0
- National Archives RAIL552/1 (Minute book of Oswestry & Newtown Railway, pp46-7, 54-5, 76-7)
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