Prior of Coldingham

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The Prior of Coldingham was the head of the Benedictine monastic community of Coldingham Priory in Berwickshire. Coldingham Priory was founded in the reign of David I of Scotland, although his older brother and predecessor King Edgar of Scotland had granted the land of Coldingham to the Church of Durham in 1098, and a church was constructed by him and presented in 1100 AD. The first prior is on record by the year 1147, although an earlier foundation is almost certain. The monastic cell was a dependent of Durham until the 1370s, and in 1378 King Robert II of Scotland expelled the Durham monks; for the following century the cell had two priors, one chosen by Durham and one chosen by the Scots. It became a dependent of Dunfermline Abbey. It was subject to increasingly secular control from the late 15th century into the 16th century. The following is a list of priors and commendators:

List of priors[edit]

  • Edward, fl. 1124 x 1153[1]
  • H.[...], fl. 1147 x 1150
  • Sampson, fl. x 1159-1161 x 1162
  • Alan, fl. 1165 x 1173
  • Herbert, 1172x1174-1175
  • Bertram, 1188-1189[2]
  • Simon, 1189 x 1203
  • Radulf, x 1203-x 1307
  • Ernald, x 1207-1208 x 1211
  • Thomas, 1212-1221 x
  • Radulf, 1218 x 1234
  • Thomas de Melsonby, 1229-1234[3]
  • Anketin, 1239-1242
  • Bertram de Mediltone, 1242 x 1244[3]
  • Richard, x 1245-1247 or 1248
  • Henry de Sylton, 1248-1260
  • German, 1260
  • Roger de Wolviston, 1263-1274 x 1276
  • Henry de Horncastre, 1276-1296
  • William de Midilton, 1304
  • William de Gretham, 1304-1305
  • Adam de Pontefract, 1309-1311
  • William de Gretham, 1311-1321
  • Richard de Whitworth, 1322-1325
  • Adam de Pontefract, 1325-1332
  • Robert de Graystanes, 1333
  • Alexander de Lamsley, 1334
  • William de Scaccario, 1336 x 1337
  • Alexander de Lamsley, 1338-1339
  • John Fossour, 1340-1341
  • Walter de Skaresbrekis, 1341-1354
  • William de Bamburgh, 1355-1362
  • Robert Berrington de Walworth, 1363-1374
  • Robert de Claxton, 1374 x 1379

List of priors with allegiance to Durham[edit]

  • Robert de Claxton, 1374-1391
  • John de Ayclif, 1392-1416
  • William Drax, 1418-1441
  • John Oil, 1441-1447
  • Thomas Nesbitt, 1447-1456
  • John Pencher, 1456-1465 x 1467
  • Thomas Haughton, 1467
  • Thomas Wren, 1470

List of priors with allegiance to Dunfermline[edit]

  • Adam de Carale, 1374 x 1379
  • Michael de Inverkeithing, 1379-1389
  • William Reid, 1389-1390
    • Simon Marischal, 1389
  • John Steele, 1390-1402
  • Alan de Lyn, 1402
  • Richard Mongal, 1402-1409
  • Andrew Raburn, 1409-1414 x 1418
  • Robert Bowmaker, 1419
  • William Brown, 1419-1430
  • Stephen Bryg, 1432
  • William Boyce, 1442-1445

List of prior-commendators[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Known only as monachus de Coldingham, but the fact he occurs three times in high circles means he was probably head of the monastery.
  2. ^ Became Prior of Durham.
  3. ^ a b Became Prior of Durham.
  4. ^ Also Archdeacon of Teviotdale.
  5. ^ Also Archbishop of St Andrews (1504-1513).
  6. ^ Becomes Abbot of Holyrood.
  7. ^ Administered the cell as Archdeacon of Glasgow.
  8. ^ Illegitimate son of James V, King of Scots: see Stewart, John (1531-1563) (DNB00
  9. ^ Was two years old.

References[edit]

  • Cowan, Ian B. & Easson, David E., Medieval Religious Houses: Scotland With an Appendix on the Houses in the Isle of Man, Second Edition, (London, 1976), pp. 55–6
  • Watt, D.E.R. & Shead, N.F. (eds.), The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th Centuries, The Scottish Records Society, New Series, Volume 24, (Edinburgh, 2001), pp. 29–42

See also[edit]