Priozersk, Kazakhstan

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For the town in Leningrad Oblast see, see Priozersk.
Priozersk
Приозёрск
closed city
Priozersk is located in Kazakhstan
Priozersk
Priozersk
Location in Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 46°01′51″N 73°42′07″E / 46.03083°N 73.70194°E / 46.03083; 73.70194Coordinates: 46°01′51″N 73°42′07″E / 46.03083°N 73.70194°E / 46.03083; 73.70194
Country Kazakhstan
Province Karagandy Province
Founded 1956
Area
 • Total 54.5 km2 (21.0 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 13,479
Postal code 101100
Area code(s) +7 71039

Priozersk (Kazakh: Приозёрск, Priozyorsk; Russian: Приозёрск, Priozyorsk) is a closed city at Lake Balkhash, Kazakhstan. It serves as the administrative center of Sary Shagan anti-ballistic missile testing site.

Priozersk is located in Karagandy Province (central Kazakhstan), approximately 620 kilometers to the south-east of the Karaganda and 747 kilometers from Astana. The Cambala Airport lies in the suburbs.

Population: 13,479 (2009 Census results);[1] 11,033 (1999 Census results).[1] By nationality, the city is 46% Russian, 39% Kazakh, 6% Ukrainian, and 9% other. The town is closed for visiting by foreign citizens.

History[edit]

Central Square in Priozersk

Tens of thousands of workers and hundreds of missile experts and army officers arrived after the Soviet government decided to establish a secret military base in the Kazakh Steppe. This testing site for the soviet missile defense system was one of such centers, which had led to construction of anti-ballistic missiles and to attain parity in the arms race between the USSR and USA.

After the Soviet Union collapse, the Russian Federation agreed with Kazakhstan to lease some military units for 50 years. The Russian Army continues to use the base at Priozersk as the testing site for improving anti-ballistic and anti-aircraft defense systems.

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as humid continental (Dfa).

Climate data for Priozersk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2
(28)
0
(32)
7
(45)
16
(61)
22
(72)
26
(79)
30
(86)
29
(84)
23
(73)
16
(61)
6
(43)
1
(34)
14.5
(58.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7
(19)
−5
(23)
2
(36)
11
(52)
17
(63)
21
(70)
24
(75)
22.5
(72.5)
17
(63)
10
(50)
1
(34)
−4.5
(23.9)
9.08
(48.45)
Average low °C (°F) −12
(10)
−10
(14)
−3
(27)
5
(41)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
16
(61)
11
(52)
4
(39)
−4
(25)
−10
(14)
3.3
(38.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 26
(1.02)
32
(1.26)
64
(2.52)
89
(3.5)
99
(3.9)
59
(2.32)
35
(1.38)
23
(0.91)
25
(0.98)
46
(1.81)
48
(1.89)
32
(1.26)
578
(22.75)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9 9 12 11 12 10 9 6 5 7 10 9 109
 % humidity 74 74 73 59 55 51 45 44 45 55 70 74 59.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 3.7 4.2 4.5 6.5 7.8 9.4 10.2 9.5 8.3 6.4 4.3 3.6 6.53
Source: climatemps.com[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kazakhstan Climate, Average Weather, Temperatures, Rainfall, Sunshine, Humidity, Graphs". climatemps.com. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 

External links[edit]