Priozersky District

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Priozersky District
Приозерский район (Russian)
Location of Priozersky District (Leningrad Oblast).svg
Location of Priozersky District in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 61°02′N 30°07′E / 61.033°N 30.117°E / 61.033; 30.117Coordinates: 61°02′N 30°07′E / 61.033°N 30.117°E / 61.033; 30.117
Tihaya.JPG
The Tikhaya River near Brigadnoye in Priozersky District
Flag of Priozersky rayon (Leningrad oblast).png
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of May 2012)
Administrative center town of Priozersk[1]
Administrative divisions:[1]
settlement municipal formation 12
Inhabited localities:[1]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 101
Municipal structure (as of May 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Priozersky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 2
Rural settlements 12
Statistics
Area (municipal district) 3,579.5 km2 (1,382.1 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 43,260 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 10.3%
- Rural 89.7%
Density 12.09 /km2 (31.3 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Official website
Priozersky District on WikiCommons

Priozersky District (Russian: Приозе́рский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the oblast and borders with Lakhdenpokhsky District of the Republic of Karelia in the north, Vsevolozhsky District in the south, and Vyborgsky District in the west. In the east, the district is bounded by Lake Ladoga. The area of the district is 3,597.5 square kilometers (1,389.0 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Priozersk.[1] Population (excluding the administrative center): 43,260 (2010 Census);[4] 42,859 (2002 Census);[7] 40,231 (1989 Census).[8].

Geography[edit]

The area of the district is elongated from north to south along the shore of Lake Ladoga. It completely belongs to the catchment area of Lake Ladoga, with the biggest river being the Vuoksi. The landscapes are typical for Kartelian Isthmus, with the hilly and rocky terrain covered by coniferous forest, and with many lakes. The biggest lakes in the district are Lake Vuoksa, Lake Sukhodolskoye, and Lake Otradnoye. Konevets Island on Lake Ladoga also belongs to the district. Forests occypy 63% of the area of the district.[3]

History[edit]

Korela Fortress

The territory of the modern district was originally settled by Karelians around the 1st century CE. It was a part of the Kievan Rus' from the 9th to 12th century. After that, it was a part the Novgorod Republic. Most Karelians were converted to the Russian Orthodox faith during Russian rule. Russians built the fortress of Korela, which was a nucleus of modern Priozersk. The territory passed hands many times during the 16th and 17th centuries between Russians and Swedishs, until it was finally claimed by Russians in 1711 during the Great Northern War. Since 1611, the town was known as Kexholm (Keksgolm).[3] In the 18th century, it was a part of Saint Petersburg Governorate, and subsequently a part of Vyborg Governorate, which since 1812 was included into the Grand Duchy of Finland as the Viipuri Province.

The area was taken by Finland during the Continuation War, and Keksgolm was renamed Käkisalmi. As the result of the Winter War, it was reclaimed by the Soviet Union in 1940, then again taken over by the Finns in 1941, and finally by the Soviet Union in 1944; it was formally ceded to the Soviet Union in 1947. Nearly all of Finnish residents evacuated the area, which was repopulated by Russians, Ukrainians, and Belarusians. Place names were changed in 1948 to cleanse remaining Finnish names in the district.

Keksgolmsky District with the administrative center in Keksgolm was established in March 1940 as a part of the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Karelian ASSR). On March 31, 1940, the Karelian ASSR was transformed into the Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic. On November 24, 1944, Keksgolmsky District was transferred from Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic to Leningrad Oblast. On October 1, 1948, the district was renamed Priozersky, and Keksgolm was renamed Priozersk. On February 1, 1963 the district was abolished and merged into Vyborgsky District; on January 12, 1965 it was re-esteblished.[9]

On May 16, 1940, Rautovsky District with the administrative center in the suburban settlement of Rautu was also established. It was a part of Leningrad Oblast. On October 1, 1948, the district was renamed Sosnovsky and on January 13, 1949, all localities whose names originated in Finnish were renamed using Russian names. In particular, Rautu was renamed Sosnovo. On December 9, 1960, Sosnovsky District was abolished and split between Roshchinsky and Priozersky Districts.[10]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Industry in the district is dominated by the treatment of granite, timber production, and food production.[3]

Agriculture[edit]

The main specializations of agriculture in the district are meat (beef and pork) and milk production, as well as trout farming.[3]

Transportation[edit]

The Saint Petersburg – Hiitola railroad crosses the district from south to north passing Sosnovo, Priozersk, and Kuznechnoye. There is passenger service from the Finland Station of Saint Petersburg. Another railroad, connecting Vyborg with Hiitola via Kamennogorsk, serves as a stretch of the border with Vyborgsky District.

The road network in the district is relatively well-connected and provides access to Vyborg, Sortavala, and Saint Petersburg. In particular, the A129 highway connects Saint Petersburg and Sortavala and runs through Priozersk.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Kazan Skete of the Konevsky Monastery

Some remains of the pre-1917 Russian culture, including the Korela Fortress in Priozersk and the Konevsky Monastery at Konevets Island, survive. Much of the remnants of the Finnish presence was destroyed. The district is the most popular with turists part of Karelian Isthmus.

The district contains 64 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance (33 of which are in Priozersk) and additionally 70 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[11] The great majority of these monuments belong to the Korela fortress and the Konevets Island.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c Law #50-oz
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Приозерский муниципальный район" (in Russian). Администрация муниципального образования Приозерский муниципальный район Ленинградской области. Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Кексгольмский район (нояб. 1944 - окт.1948), Приозерский район (окт.1948 – февр.1963, янв.1965)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved June 20, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Раутовский район (май 1940 г. - октябрь 1948 г.), Сосновский район (октябрь 1948 г. - дек. 1960)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 20, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №43-оз от 27 июня 2013 г. «О присоединении деревни Большая Загвоздка к городу Гатчина и о внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы в сфере административно-территориального устройства Ленинградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #43-oz of June 27, 2013 On Merging the Village of Bolshaya Zagvozdka into the Town of Gatchina and on Amending Various Oblast Laws on the Subject of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №50-оз от 1 сентября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Приозерский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №43-оз от 27 июня 2013 г. «О присоединении деревни Большая Загвоздка к городу Гатчина и о внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы в сфере административно-территориального устройства Ленинградской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (24  сентября 2004 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №27, 14 сентября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #50-oz of September 1, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Priozersky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations Comprised By It, as amended by the Oblast Law #43-oz of June 27, 2013 On Merging the Village of Bolshaya Zagvozdka into the Town of Gatchina and on Amending Various Oblast Laws on the Subject of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (September 24 2004).).