Prirazlomnoye field

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Prirazlomnoye field
Prirazlomnoye field is located in Russia
Prirazlomnoye field
Location of Prirazlomnoye field
Country Russia
Region Pechora Sea
Offshore/onshore offshore
Coordinates 69°15′7″N 57°20′34″E / 69.25194°N 57.34278°E / 69.25194; 57.34278Coordinates: 69°15′7″N 57°20′34″E / 69.25194°N 57.34278°E / 69.25194; 57.34278
Operator Sevmorneftegaz
Partner Gazprom
Field history
Discovery 1989
Start of production 2011
Production
Estimated oil in place 610 million barrels (~8.3×10^7 t)

Prirazlomnoye field is an Arctic offshore oilfield located in the Pechora Sea, south of Novaya Zemlya, Russia. The field development is based on the single stationary Prirazlomnaya platform, which is the first Arctic-class ice-resistant oil platform in the world. Commercial drilling was planned to begin in early 2012,[1] however it was delayed at least until the Spring of 2013 due to "safety concerns".[2] This is the first commercial offshore oil development in the Arctic.

History[edit]

The field was discovered in 1989. In 1993, the development license was issued to Rosshelf, a subsidiary of Gazprom, and the field was to be operational by 2001.[1] In June 2000, Gazprom and German energy company Wintershall signed a memorandum on cooperation in developing the Prirazlomnoye field.[3] Also Rosneft wanted to join the project.[4] In 2002, the license was transferred to Sevmorneftegaz, a joint venture of Gazprom and Rosneft.[5] Later Sevmorneftegaz became a wholly owned subsidiary of Gazprom. There is a plan to pass the Prirazlomnoye development to Gazprom Neft, an oil arm of Gazprom.[6] The name Prirazlomnoye means "at the geological fault".

Reserves[edit]

Prirazlomnoye field has reserves of 610 million barrels (97 million cubic metres).[7]

Development[edit]

The field development concept is based on the single stationary Prirazlomnaya platform.[7] The oil platform, constructed by Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk, is expected to be completed by 2011 and after that the drilling will start.[6][8] The Prirazlomnaya platform would equipped with the topsides of the former Conoco's Hutton field TLP platform, which was the first production tension-leg platform ever built.[9][10] Produced oil will be transported by double acting shuttle oil tankers Mikhail Ulyanov and Kirill Lavrov, built in Admiralty Shipyard and operated by Sovcomflot, to floating storage and offloading vessel Belokamenka, located in Kola Bay near Murmansk.[7][11] Gazprom considers to build an oil refinery in Teriberka at the location of the LNG plant of the Shtokman's development for processing oil from Prirazlomnoye and Dolginskoye fields.[12]

The concept of the development was designed by Vniigaz Institute, a subsidiary of Gazprom.[7] The estimated maximum annual oil production volume is expected to be 6.6 million tonnes. The total investment is expected to be about US$1.03 billion.[1]

Environmental issues[edit]

According to Greenpeace and the World Wildlife Fund Gazprom is not prepared to deal adequately with a spill associated with oil production.[13][14] On 24 August 2012, a group of Greenpeace activists under Kumi Naidoo intruded into the platform and put up a banner "Don't kill the Arctic".[15][16]

On 18 September 2013, Greenpeace's ship Arctic Sunrise circled the Prirazlomnaya oil rig while three crew attempted to board the platform. In response, the Russian Coast Guard seized control of the ship and detained the activists.[17][18][19] The ship was subsequently towed by a coastguard vessel to the Russian Arctic port of Murmansk. The crew consisted of thirty members from sixteen different nationalities. The Russian government has intended to charge the Greenpeace activists with piracy, which carries a maximum penalty of fifteen years of imprisonment.[17] It was the stiffest response that Greenpeace has encountered from a government since the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior in 1985, said Phil Radford, executive director of Greenpeace USA.[20] The Netherlands launched legal action to free 30 Greenpeace activists charged in Russia with piracy. Arctic Sunrise is a Dutch-flagged ship. Foreign Minister Frans Timmermans said the Netherlands had applied to the UN's Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, which resolves maritime disputes between states. The Netherlands view the ship's detention as unlawful.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ""Приразломная" отправилась на работу в Печорское море" [Prirazlomnaya moves to the Pechora Sea] (Press release) (in Russian). Sevmash. 2011-08-19. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  2. ^ Алексей Топалов. (2012-09-21). "Облом с Приразломным" (in Russian). Газета.ru. Archived from the original on 2012-12-23. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  3. ^ "German-Russian Memorandum signed; Wintershall and Gazprom successful in realising their Prirazlomnoye project". M2 Presswire. 2000-06-20. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  4. ^ "Rosneft wants a piece of Prirazlomnoye". FSU Energy. 2001-02-09. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  5. ^ "Ministry grants Sevmorneftegaz Shtokmanov, Prirazlomnoye licenses". Energy News. 2002-11-28. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  6. ^ a b "Foreign companies may develop Barents Sea oilfield". RosBusinessConsulting. 2008-12-09. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Prirazlomnoye Oilfield - Barents Sea, Russia". offshore-technology.com. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  8. ^ Anatoly Medetsky (2008-07-15). "Putin Slams Miller Over Access To Pipeline". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  9. ^ "Platform hull from Murmansk to Mexico". Barents Observer. 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 
  10. ^ "Case Studies". The United Kingdom Offshore Oil and Gas Industry Association. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 
  11. ^ "Russian shipyard starts building 2nd ice-class oil tanker". RIA Novosti. 2008-11-10. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  12. ^ "Gazprom considers oil refinery in Shtokman village". Barents Observer. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 
  13. ^ "Prirazlomnaya oil spill would threaten Russian Arctic with irreparable disaster: study". Greenpeace Russia. August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Environmentalists warn of risk of oil production in the Russian Arctic". The Washington Post. Associated Press. August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012. [dead link]
  15. ^ Baczynska, Gabriela (2012-08-24). "Greenpeace activists climb Russian Arctic oil platform". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  16. ^ Vasilyeva, Natalya (2012-08-24). "Greenpeace Activists Storm Russia's Prirazlomnaya Oil Platform". The Huffington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  17. ^ a b Shaun Walker (September 24, 2013). "Russia to charge Greenpeace activists with piracy over oil rig protest". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  18. ^ "Greenpeace International responds to allegations from Russian authorities". Greenpeace International. September 22, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  19. ^ "Armed Russian guards storm Greenpeace vessel in Arctic". Channel News Asia. September 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  20. ^ Kathy Lally and Will Englund. "U.S. Greenpeace captain jailed in Russia". The Washington Post. Retrieved 10/02/13. 
  21. ^ Dutch take legal action over Greenpeace ship in Russia BBC 4 October 2013

External links[edit]