The Zonderwater Prison, Cullinan, Gauteng
Prisons in South Africa are run by the Department of Correctional Services. According to the ministry, there are approximately 34,000 employees of the department running 240 prisons. In those prisons are nearly 190,000 inmates at any given time. The prisons include minimum, medium and maximum security facilities. Since 2009, the Minister of Correctional Services has been Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula.
Notable former South African prisoners
During the Apartheid era, many political activists were imprisoned for campaigning against the government. These include: conficted ex ANC terrorists such as Nelson Mandela (1962-1990), Walter Sisulu, (1964-1989), Govan Mbeki (1964-1987), Raymond Mhlaba (1964-1989), Tokyo Sexwale (1977-1990) and many others. A notable recent inmate was Annanias Mathe, a serial killer, the only person to escape from the maximum security prison C Max in Pretoria.
Notable current and former prisons in South Africa
Notable current prisons include: Drakenstein Correctional Centre, formerly Victor Verster Prison near Paarl, the Old Gaol Building in Ingwavuma, Pollsmoor Prison (where the above prisoners served most of their sentences) in Tokai, Cape Town and Robben Island off the coast of Cape Town. C Max is a maximum security prison in Pretoria.