Pristanic acid

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pristanic acid
PristanicAcid.png
Identifiers
CAS number 1189-37-3 N
PubChem 123929
ChemSpider 110458 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:51340 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C19H38O2
Molar mass 298.504
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Pristanic acid (2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecanoic acid) is a terpenoid acid present at micromolar concentrations in the blood plasma of healthy individuals. It is also found in the lipids from many sources such as freshwater sponges, krill, earthworms, whales, human milk fat, bovine depot fat, butterfat or Californian petroleum. It is usually present in combination with phytanic acid. In humans, pristanic acid is obtained from two sources: either directly from the diet or as the alpha oxidation product of phytanic acid. At physiological concentrations pristanic acid is a natural ligand for PPARα. In liver, pristanic acid is degraded by peroxisomal beta oxidation to propionyl-CoA. Together with phytanic acid, pristanic acid accumulates in several inherited disorders such as Zellweger syndrome.

Pristanic acid was first isolated from butterfat by R. P. Hansen and J. D. Morrison in 1964.[1] The name of the substance is derived from pristane (2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecane), the corresponding hydrocarbon. Pristane was isolated from shark liver and was named after Latin pristis, "shark".

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. P. Hansen, J. D. Morrison, The isolation and identification of 2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecanoic acid from butterfat, Biochemical Journal 1964 Nov;93(2):225-8.