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Pristimantis cruentus studio.jpg
P. cruentus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Amphibia
Subclass: Lissamphibia
Order: Anura
Suborder: Neobatrachia
Family: Strabomantidae
Genus: Pristimantis
Jiménez de la Espada, 1870[1]

Over 435 sp., see text

Pristimantis is a frog genus from northern South America and adjacent regions.

Pristimantis is regarded the most speciose genus of vertebrates, with over 400 species.

It is part of the family Strabomantidae, which was recently recognized as being distinct from the saddleback toads (Brachycephalidae), where the Strabomantis had formerly been classified. The genus Pristimantis itself was long included in the massive genus Eleutherodactylus, and considered part of the Leptodactylidae family.


As C. Michael Hogan and the World Wildlife Fund have noted, a large number of the species within this genus are endemic to the Northwestern Andean montane forests ecoregion in northwestern South America.[2]


Listed alphabetically.[1]


  1. ^ a b Pristumantis, Amphibian Species of the World 5.5
  2. ^ C.Michael Hogan & World Wildlife. 2012
  3. ^ a b Venegas, P.J. & Duellman, W.E. (2012). "Two syntopic new species of the Pristmantis orestes Group (Anura: Strabomantidae) from northwestern Peru." Zootaxa 3249: 47-59.


  • Darrel R. Frost. 2008. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.2 (15 July 2008). Electronic Database accessible at American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.
  • C. Michael Hogan & World Wildlife Fund. 2012. Northwestern Andean montane forests. ed. P.Saundry. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  • P.J.R. Kok, Means, D.B., & Bossuyt, F. (2011). "A new highland species of Pristimantis Jimenez de la Espada, 1871 (Anura: Strabomantidae) from the Pantepui region, northern South America." Zootaxa 2934: 1-19.
  • T. Orrell. (custodian) (2012). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 11). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 25th June 2012 (Bisby F., Roskov Y., Culham A., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • AMNH Geconsulteerd 24 augustus 2008
  • Amphibiaweb