Pristimantis

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Pristimantis
Pristimantis cruentus studio.jpg
P. cruentus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Craugastoridae
Genus: Pristimantis
Jiménez de la Espada, 1870[1]
Diversity
Nearly 500 species, see text

Pristimantis is a very large frog genus distributed in the southern Caribbean (Lesser Antilles) and in Central and South America from Honduras to northern Argentina and southern Brazil.[1] With over 470 described species, Pristimantis has more species than any other genus of vertebrates on earth.[2] A large number of these species genus are endemic to the Northwestern Andean montane forests ecoregion in northwestern South America.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Placement of this genus has varied greatly. Pristimantis was long included in the massive genus Eleutherodactylus, and considered part of the Leptodactylidae family. Currently two solutions prevail, either placing Pristimantis in the family Strabomantidae, subfamily Strabomantinae,[2][4] or in Craugastoridae, subfamily Ceuthomantinae.[1]

Species[edit]

As of early 2015, there are 479 species, but new ones are being described on regular basis:[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Pristimantis Jiménez de la Espada, 1870". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Strabomantidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan & World Wildlife Fund. 2012. Northwestern Andean montane forests. ed. P.Saundry. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  4. ^ Blackburn, D.C.; Wake, D.B. (2011). "Class Amphibia Gray, 1825. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness". Zootaxa 3148: 39–55. 

References[edit]

  • P.J.R. Kok, Means, D.B., & Bossuyt, F. (2011). "A new highland species of Pristimantis Jimenez de la Espada, 1871 (Anura: Strabomantidae) from the Pantepui region, northern South America." Zootaxa 2934: 1-19.
  • T. Orrell. (custodian) (2012). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 11). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 25th June 2012 (Bisby F., Roskov Y., Culham A., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.