Priston

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Coordinates: 51°20′36″N 2°26′24″W / 51.3432°N 2.4399°W / 51.3432; -2.4399

Priston
Gray building with arched windows. Square tower surmounted by a weather vane. Gravestones and crosses in grass in the foreground separated from the road by a stone wall.
Church of St Luke and St Andrew, Priston
Priston is located in Somerset
Priston
Priston
 Priston shown within Somerset
Population 232 [1]
OS grid reference ST694605
Unitary authority Bath and North East Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BATH
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North East Somerset
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Priston is a civil parish and village 4 miles (6 km) south west of Bath in Bath and North East Somerset, which is within the English ceremonial county of Somerset. The parish includes the hamlet of Wilmington.

History[edit]

A walled field boundary, which marks the boundary between the manor of Priston village and the former manor of Wilmington hamlet contains megaliths, indicating it may have been a boundary in pre-historic times.[2]

Priston is the site of a Roman villa dating from about 100 AD. A coffin from this site was discovered in 1917.[3]

Around 925 the manor of Priston was given by king Æthelstan to Bath Abbey.[4]

The parish of Priston was part of the Keynsham Hundred,[5]

The village is recorded in the Domesday Book as including the presence of a church, possibly wooden; however the nave of the Church of St Luke and St Andrew was added in the 12th century, and the church has a tower dating from the 15th century. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[6] It is crowned with a disproportionately large weather vane given as a gift by the lord of the manor in 1813.[7]

The manor was held by the Prior of Bath Abbey until the dissolution of the monasteries passing into the hands of the laity. From the 18th century to 20th centuries it was held by the Jenkins family.[4]

Priston Mill was given by the monks of Bath Abbey in 931. It is powered by a 25 feet (8 m) overshot water wheel.[7] The present building dates from the late 18th or early 19th century and is maintained in working condition.[8] The associated tithe barn was built around 1700 and is currently used as a wedding and conference venue.[9]

Priston was in Keynsham Poor Law Union, with records showing it had a population of 292 in 1861, including the hamlet of Wilmington.[10]

Priston was the site of a mine on the Somerset coalfield. The mine closed in 1930.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council.

The parish falls within the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.

Bath and North East Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters are in Bath. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Wansdyke district and the City of Bath of the county of Avon.[11] Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Bathavon Rural District.[12]

The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of North East Somerset. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Priston Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  2. ^ World Heritage Site Setting Study rev4 current 22-10-09 WEB VERSION PART 5, Bath and North East Somerset Unitary Authority 
  3. ^ "Roman coffin". Priston village website. Retrieved 5 July 2007. 
  4. ^ a b Robinson, W.J. (1915). West Country Churches. Bristol: Bristol Times and Mirror Ltd. pp. 120–124. 
  5. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "Church of St Luke and St Andrew". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 August 2008. 
  7. ^ a b Scott, Shane (1995). The hidden places of Somerset. Aldermaston: Travel Publishing Ltd. p. 22. ISBN 1-902007-01-8. 
  8. ^ "Priston Mill and attached pond, dam and walls". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 August 2008. 
  9. ^ "The History of Priston Mill". Priston Mill. Retrieved 14 August 2008. 
  10. ^ "Parliamentary papers", books.google.co.uk (2 ed.) 49, 1861, retrieved 12 March 2011 
  11. ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Retrieved 9 December 2007. 
  12. ^ "Bathavon RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 

External links[edit]