Pritchardia

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Pritchardia
Pritchardia flowers.jpg
Pritchardia sp. flowers and fruit on two pendulous stalks
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Corypheae
Subtribe: Livistoninae
Genus: Pritchardia
Seem. & H.Wendl.[1]
Synonyms[2][1]
Pritchardia palms

The genus Pritchardia (Family Arecaceae) consists of between 24-40 species of fan palms (tribe Corypheae) found on tropical Pacific Ocean islands in Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Tuamotus, and most diversely in Hawaii.[2][3] The generic name honors William Thomas Pritchard (1829-1907), a British consul at Fiji.[4]

Description[edit]

These palms vary in height, ranging from 20 to 130 ft (6.1 to 39.6 m).[5] The leaves are fan-shaped (costapalmate) and the trunk columnar, naked, smooth or fibrous, longitudinally grooved, and obscurely ringed by leaf scars. The flowers and subsequent fruit are borne in a terminal cluster with simple or compound branches of an arcuate or pendulous inflorescence that (in some species) is longer than the leaves.

Species[edit]

There are 29 known species, of which 19 are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, with the remainder on other island groups.

  1. Pritchardia affinis Becc. – Hawaiʻi Pritchardia[6] (Island of Hawaiʻi)
  2. Pritchardia arecina Becc. – Maui Pritchardia[6] (Maui, Hawaii)[5]
  3. Pritchardia aylmer-robinsonii H.St.John (Niʻihau, Hawaii)
  4. Pritchardia beccariana Rock – Kilauea Pritchardia[6] (Island of Hawaiʻi)[5]
  5. Pritchardia flynnii
  6. Pritchardia forbesiana Rock – Mt. Eke Pritchardia[6] (Maui, Hawaii)
  7. Pritchardia glabrata Becc. & Rock (Maui, Hawaii)
  8. Pritchardia hardyi Rock – Makaleha Pritchardia[6] (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  9. Pritchardia hillebrandii (Kuntze) Becc.[6] (Native range uncertain, but believed to be Molokaʻi, Hawaii)[5]
  10. Pritchardia kaalae Rock – Waiʻanae Range Pritchardia[6] (Oʻahu, Hawaii)
  11. Pritchardia lanaiensis Becc. & Rock – Lānaʻi Pritchardia[6] (Lānaʻi, Hawaii)
  12. Pritchardia lanigera Becc. (Island of Hawaiʻi)
  13. Pritchardia limahuliensis H.St.John (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  14. Pritchardia lowreyana Rock – Molokaʻi Pritchardia[6] (Molokaʻi, Hawaii)
  15. Pritchardia maideniana (Unknown origin, possibly Fiji or Tonga)[5]
  16. Pritchardia martii (Gaud.) H.Wendl – Koʻolau Range pritchardia[6] (syn. P. gaudichaudii) (Oʻahu, Hawaii)
  17. Pritchardia minor Becc. – Alakaʻi Swamp Pritchardia[6] (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  18. Pritchardia mitiaroana Dransfield & Ehrhardt (Mitiaro, Cook Islands)[5]
  19. Pritchardia munroi Rock – Kamalo Pritchardia[6] (Molokaʻi, Hawaii)
  20. Pritchardia napaliensis H.St.John (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  21. Pritchardia pacifica Seem. & H.Wendl. (Fiji, Tonga, Samoa)
  22. Pritchardia pericularum
  23. Pritchardia perlmanii Gemmill (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  24. Pritchardia remota Becc. – Nihoa Pritchardia[6] (Nihoa, Hawaii)
  25. Pritchardia schattaueri Hodel – Giant Pritchardia (Island of Hawaiʻi)
  26. Pritchardia thurstonii F.Muell. & Drude (Fiji)
  27. Pritchardia viscosa Becc. – Stickybud Pritchardia[6] (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  28. Pritchardia vuylstekeana
  29. Pritchardia waialealeana R.W.Read (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  30. Pritchardia woodfordiana (Solomon Islands)

Formerly placed here[edit]

  • Licuala grandis (hort. ex W. Bull) H.Wendl. (as P. grandis hort. ex W. Bull)
  • Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H.Wendl. (as P. filamentosa H.Wendl. ex Franceschi or P. filifera Linden ex André)[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Pritchardia Seem. & H. Wendl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Hodel, D.R. (2007). A review of the genus Pritchardia. Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 51(Suppl.): 1-53.
  4. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 3 M-Q. CRC Press. p. 2168. ISBN 978-0-8493-2677-6. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Riffle, Robert Lee; Paul Craft (2003). An Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms. Timber Press. pp. 419–422. ISBN 978-0-88192-558-6. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Pritchardia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  7. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Pritchardia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Pritchardia at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Pritchardia at Wikispecies