Pritchardia

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Pritchardia
Pritchardia flowers.jpg
Pritchardia sp. flowers and fruit on two pendulous stalks
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Corypheae
Subtribe: Livistoninae
Genus: Pritchardia
Seem. & H.Wendl.[1]
Species

See text

Synonyms

Eupritchardia Kuntze
Styloma O.F.Cook[1]

Pritchardia palms

The genus Pritchardia (Family Arecaceae) consists of between 24-40 species of fan palms (tribe Corypheae) found on tropical Pacific Ocean islands in Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Tuamotus, and most diversely in Hawaii. The generic name honours William Thomas Pritchard (1829-1907), a British consul at Fiji.[2]

Description[edit]

These palms vary in height, ranging from 20 to 130 ft (6.1 to 39.6 m).[3] The leaves are fan-shaped (costapalmate) and the trunk columnar, naked, smooth or fibrous, longitudinally grooved, and obscurely ringed by leaf scars. The flowers and subsequent fruit are borne in a terminal cluster with simple or compound branches of an arcuate or pendulous inflorescence that (in some species) is longer than the leaves.

Species[edit]

There are 29 species, of which 19 are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, with the remainder on other island groups.

Formerly placed here[edit]

  • Licuala grandis (hort. ex W. Bull) H.Wendl. (as P. grandis hort. ex W. Bull)
  • Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H.Wendl. (as P. filamentosa H.Wendl. ex Franceschi or P. filifera Linden ex André)[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Pritchardia Seem. & H. Wendl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  2. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 3 M-Q. CRC Press. p. 2168. ISBN 978-0-8493-2677-6. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Riffle, Robert Lee; Paul Craft (2003). An Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms. Timber Press. pp. 419–422. ISBN 978-0-88192-558-6. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Pritchardia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  5. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Pritchardia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Pritchardia at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Pritchardia at Wikispecies