People’s freedom to innovate technologically is highly valuable, even critical, to humanity. This implies several imperatives when restrictive measures are proposed: Assess risks and opportunities according to available science, not popular perception. Account for both the costs of the restrictions themselves, and those of opportunities foregone. Favor measures that are proportionate to the probability and magnitude of impacts, and that have a high expectation value. Protect people’s freedom to experiment, innovate, and progress.
The proactionary principle was formulated as an opposing viewpoint to the precautionary principle, which is based on the concept that consequences of actions in complex systems are often unpredictable and irreversible and concludes that such actions should generally be opposed. The Proactionary Principle is based upon the observation that historically, the most useful and important technological innovations were neither obvious nor well-understood at the time of their invention. Dr. More recommends 10 principles in his paper Proactionary Principle:
- Freedom to innovate
- Symmetrical treatment
- Renew and Refresh
In a syndicated newspaper article that has been translated into eight languages, Steve Fuller (sociologist) has argued that the precautionary principle and the proactionary principle are likely to replace the right-left divide in politics in the 21st century. Fuller subsequently followed up this piece with a book, The Proactionary Imperative, which attempts to make the proactionary principle foundational to transhumanism as a world-view, stressing the principle's interpretation of risk as an opportunity rather than a threat.
Predictability and sufficient study
In theory, sufficient study of the variables of any proposed course of action may yield acceptable levels of predictability. In this regard the proactionary principle can be looked upon as the philosophical formulation of the accepted mathematical principles of extrapolation and the logical principles of induction.
However, the proactionary principle argues that "sufficient study" may in some cases be impractical. For instance, in releasing a new life form into the biosphere — whether genetically-modified plant, animal, or bacteria — one would have to simulate the biosphere to achieve "acceptable levels of predictability." While the innovator of the new life form might point out that such a simulation would be a heavy burden, the other life forms in the biosphere could suffer irreparable harm in the case of an untested release. More's first principle, freedom to innovate, would place the burden of proof on those who propose a restrictive measure.
According to the proactionary principle (and cost-benefit analysis), the opportunity cost of imposing a restrictive measure must be balanced against the potential costs of damage due to a new technology, rather than just considering the potential damages alone.
- Fuller, Steve (2012-05-07). "The Future of Ideological Conflict". Project Syndicate. Retrieved 2012-05-26.
- * The Proactionary Imperative: A Foundation for Transhumanism (with Veronika Lipinska), Palgrave Macmillan 2014
- Proactionary Principle, authored by Max More
- Commentary from Fight Aging!
- The Open Future: The Reversibility Principle (WorldChanging.com, March 6, 2006 article)
- The Extropy Institute
- Would you give up your immortality to ensure the success of a posthuman world? (From Reason (magazine))
- The quest for proactive evolution: "Throw caution to the winds" is the motto of a technology-infatuated group which wants to improve the human race.
- It may sound loopy, but a group of people calling themselves 'transhumanists' seeks to replace humans with an artificial form of life. The group is aggressively opposing the precautionary principle, hoping to substitute their own 'proactionary principle.' We dismiss them at our peril.